Soil Mechanics MCQ Questions and Answers

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Soil Mechanics MCQ questions and answers are provided here for candidates who are actively preparing for the GATE Civil Engineering exam 2023 and other Civil Engineering competitive exams. Soil Mechanics MCQ can provide a quick overview of the types of questions to be expected in the exams.

Subjects will be better understood by using solving objective-based Soil Mechanics MCQ questions and answers. 5 specially picked questions are mentioned here based on the recent pattern in Civil Engineering competitive exams. Attempt and get a detailed answer to each question mentioned in this article.

Soil Mechanics MCQ 1

The active earth pressure of a soil is proportional to (where φ is the angle of friction of the soil)

  1. tan(45°- φ)
  2. tan2(45°+φ/2)
  3. tan2(45°-φ/2)
  4. tan(45°+φ)

Answer:  3. tan2(45°-φ/2)


Active earth pressure,



ka=(1- Sinφ)/(1+ Sinφ)=tan2(45°-φ/2)

Soil Mechanics MCQ 2

The quantity of seepage of water through soils is proportional to

  1. coefficient of permeability of soil
  2. total head loss through the soil
  3. neither (a) nor (b)
  4. both (a) and (b)

Answer: 4. both (a) and (b)


We know that




k = coefficient of permeability of the soil

H = Total head loss through the soil

Nf = number of flow channels

Nd = number of equipotential drops

Therefore, seepage quantity is proportional to both coefficients of permeability of the soil and total head loss through the soil.

Soil Mechanics MCQ 3

When drainage is permitted under initially applied normal stress only and full primarily consolidation is allowed to take place, the test is known as

  1. quick test
  2. drained test
  3. consolidated undrained test
  4. none of these

Answer: 3. Consolidated undrained test


Three different types of triaxial tests can be performed:

Unconsolidated Undrained Test (UU test) or quick test: Drainage is not permitted in both the consolidation and shearing stage.

Consolidated Drained Test (CD test): Drainage is permitted in both the consolidation and shearing stages.

Consolidated Undrained Test (CU test): Drainage is only permitted in the consolidation stage but not in the shearing stage.

Soil Mechanics MCQ 4

The maximum value of effective stress in the past divided by the present value is defined as the over consolidation ratio (OCR). The O.C.R. of an over consolidated clay is

  1. less than 1
  2. 1
  3. more than 1
  4. none of these

Answer: 3. more than 1


OCR=(Maximum applied effective stress in the past) /(effective stress applied in the present)

If OCR <= 1, soil is normally consolidated

If OCR >1, soil is over consolidated

Soil Mechanics MCQ 5

If Nf, Nd and H are total number flow channels, total number of potential drops and total hydraulic head differences respectively, the discharge q through the complete flow is given by (where K is a constant)

  1. q=√H(Nf/Nd)
  2. q=KH(Nd/Nf)
  3. q=KH(Nf/Nd)
  4. q=KH√(Nf/Nd)

Answer: 3.  q=KH(Nf/Nd)


Seepage quantity is given by


☛ Related Questions:

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium