DMSO Full-Form: Introduction, Production, Structure and Its Uses!!

By Neetesh Tiwari|Updated : August 12th, 2021

DMSO Full-Form: Generally, students are keen to know about the different short forms that help them get the knowledge and help them secure good marks in the main exam. These short forms have been asked directly by the examiner in the exam. We have come up with articles that will help you to understand the different short forms. In this article, we will discuss the DMSO, its production, structure and uses. Read the full article and do not miss any of the parts to get detailed information about DMSO. 

 

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Full-Form of DMSO: Generally, students are keen to know about the different short forms that help them get the knowledge and help them secure good marks in the main exam. These short forms have been asked directly by the examiner in the exam. We have come up with articles that will help you to understand the different short forms. In this article, we will discuss the DMSO, its production, structure and uses. Read the full article and do not miss any of the parts to get detailed information about DMSO. 

Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO)

DMSO Full Form: What is Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO)?

It is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO. It is a colourless liquid, and it is a polar aprotic solvent which means it can dissolve both polar and nonpolar compounds. It is generally available as prescription medicine. It can be applied to the skin or can be taken by mouth and even can be injected into the veins. It comes from a substance that is found in wood. It is a by-product of papermaking.

DMSO Full Form: Production of DMSO

It is produced industrially by dimethyl sulphide which is a by-product of the Kraft process. Its production takes place in the atmosphere at the rate of 20-60 billion pounds per year. It is also present in soil and natural water. Its metabolism in soil (by microorganisms) helps in the formation of sulphur along with dimethyl sulphide.

DMSO Full Form: Structure of DMSO

Its 2-D structure is:

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Its 3-D structure is:

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Properties:

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DMSO Full Form: Reactions of DMSO

The sulphur centre present in DMSO acts as a nucleophile towards soft electrophiles and O acts as a nucleophile towards hard electrophiles. Its reaction with methyl iodide can be represented as:

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It is also used in Swern oxidation in which oxidation of primary or secondary alcohol to aldehyde takes place in the presence of DMSO. It acts as a base during the deprotonation of ketones, phosphonium salts and formamidinium salts.

Uses of DMSO:

It is used to relieve the pain of osteoarthritis. It can also be used as an alternative in the treatment of cancer.  It is used to treat various conditions, and these are listed below:

  • Eye problems
  • Scars
  • Headache
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

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More Full Form Articles:

DMSO Full FormMOT Full Form
DMF Full FormECG Full Form

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 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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FAQs

  • DMSO Stands for Dimethyl sulfoxide that can be used in various medicines and found in dietary food.

  • Yes, DMSO is safe till it is prescribed by the doctors. Try to avoid its consumption without any prescription.

  • The Chemical formula of DMSO is (CH₃)₂SO.

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