DMF Full Form: Production, Structure, Properties and Reactions!!

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

DMF Full Form in Chemistry: During the preparation of the subject, students find some short forms for which they have to search separately on google or in reference books. Sometimes they do not find the full forms of those terms and skip them. It may lead to deduction of the marks in the final exam. On the other hand, knowing the full forms of important terms increases getting more marks. CSIR NET exam is one of the prestigious exams which is conducted by NTA to select the eligible candidates for the Lectureship and Junior Research fellowship programs.

We, at BYJU’s Exam Prep, have come up with the concept of Full Forms. In these articles, you will find all the concepts and important information regarding DMF Full Form in chemistry so that you do not have to search here and there. In this particular article, we are going to discuss the DMF Full Form in chemistry subject. So, go through the full article and read all the important information regarding the DMF.

DMF Full Form: What is Dimethylformamide (DMF)?

Dimethylformamide is an organic compound having formula (CH3)2NC(O)H. It is generally abbreviated as DMF. It is a colorless liquid that is miscible in water and other organic solvents. It is considered a common solvent for chemical reactions. It is a derivative of formamide – an amide of formic acid. It is a polar aprotic solvent having a high boiling point. It helps in the facilitation of SN2 reactions. This solvent is preferred to produce acrylic fibers.

DMF Full Form: Production of DMF

It is prepared by combining methyl formate with dimethylamine or by reaction of dimethylamine with carbon monoxide. It can also be prepared by using supercritical carbon monoxide in the presence of a Ru-based catalyst. A French chemist firstly prepared it. In this method, a mixture of dimethylamine hydrochloride and potassium formate distillation has been carried out.

DMF Full Form: Structure: of DMF

Its 2-D structure is:

DMF Full Form: Production, Structure, Properties and Reactions!!

In 3-D structure, it can be represented as:

DMF Full Form: Production, Structure, Properties and Reactions!!

DMF Full Form: Properties of DMF

According to spectroscopic experiments, the partial double bond character has been indicated for C-N and C-O bonds for most amides. IR spectrum shows C=O stretching at 1675 cm-1 while ketone absorbs at 1700 cm-1. Thus, it is the best example of a fluxional molecule. Some of its properties are depicted in the table given below:

DMF Full Form: Production, Structure, Properties and Reactions!!

It gets hydrolyzed in the presence of strong acids and bases at elevated temperatures. In reaction with NaOH, it gets converted to format and dimethylamine. It undergoes decarboxylation near its boiling point that results in the formation of dimethylamine. It is a main reagent in the Vilsmeier-Haack reaction, which is used to formulate aromatic compounds. It is also used in the Bouveault reaction in which Grignard reagents react with DMF to give aldehydes.

DMF Full Form: Uses of DMF

  • Pharmaceutical processing
  • Agriculture
  • Polymer processing
  • Refining
  • Textile
  • Fibres

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DMF Full Form: Production, Structure, Properties and Reactions!!

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