PhD in Physical Science: Colleges, Eligibility, Seats, Syllabus, Fees

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

PhD in Physics: PhD Physics or Doctor of Philosophy is a doctorate program with a course duration of 3 years. PhD Physics is considered to be the highest level of degree in its field. The PhD Physics course consists of a subject that is subject-based, and the students have to perform them practically. PhD Physics being one of the best professional courses is why it is popular among students who want to pursue their career in the field of research.

The average salary for a PhD Physics can be around INR 2 LPA – 20 LPA depending on the type of sectors such as Research, Education, Labs, Medical, Marketing, Healthcare, Electronics, Pharmaceutical etc. Scroll down the full article to understand every important factor related to PhD Physics.


PhD Physics: Important Highlights

The aspirants for the PhD Physics can check the table given below to understand every important highlight regarding the PhD Physics.

PhD in Physics
Course Level Doctorate
Full Form Doctorate of Philosophy in Physics
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility Post-graduation
Admission Process Entrance Based & Merit Based
Course Fee INR 2,000 to 6 lakhs
Average Placement Package INR 2 – 20 LPA
Top Recruiters CSIR-National Physical Laboratory of India, ITM Group of Institutes, Amity University, Manipal University, Physical Research Laboratory, Solid State Physics Laboratory, IISC Bangalore, IIIT Hyderabad, UBS, Amazon, Indian Institute of Science, Physical Research Laboratory PRL Thaltej Campus, etc
Job Positions Researcher, Scientist, Physicist, Lecturer & Professor, Author & Writer, Journalist, Editor & Critic, Human Services Worker, Independent Consultant, Philosophical Journalist, Industrial R&D Lab professionals, Senior Research Scientist, etc.

What is PhD Physics About?

PhD Physics is a 3-year doctorate course that equips students with research skills and specialist knowledge. It is considered an ideal degree for aspirants who want to pursue full-time research as their career with PhD Scholarship. Here are some important points about PhD Physics-

  • PhD Physics is an advanced study in Physics.
  • PhD Physics course offers the candidates be equipped with subject matter experts and research opening various career scopes for them.
  • This course will help develop knowledge in classical and quantum mechanics, biomedical physics, electricity and magnetism, natural laws in optics, astronomy and astrophysics etc.
  • The students must have major skills such as collaborative findings, good research conducting skills, analytical skills, etc., to pursue PhD Physics.
  • The PhD Physics part-time courses are no longer recognised as per UGC norms, so the candidates can only apply for full-time PhD Physics.
  • Although through proper guidelines, the candidates can obtain a distance degree for PhD Physics from IGNOU PhD Admission.
  • PhD Physics course hols the duration of a total of 3 years.
  • PhD Physics provides knowledge about both conducting research in the academic as well as the corporate sector.
  • The candidates can apply for job positions in the research sectors, healthcare, education, pharmaceutical, etc., after completing their PhD Courses.

Eligibility Criteria For PhD Physics

The aspirants for the PhD Physics must be aware of their PhD eligibility for it to be successful applicants for the course. Here are some of the eligibility criteria for PhD Physics as follows-

  • The candidates must have a Bachelor’s Degree, MPhil degree, or M.Sc in Physics or Material Science.
  • The candidate must have a minimum of 60% aggregate or equivalent CGPA (relaxation upto 55% or equivalent CGPA for SC/ST category).
  • The candidate must qualify for entrance exams such as CSIR/UGC-JRF, CSIR/UGC, JEST, etc., followed by personal interviews for admission.

List Of Top Colleges For PhD Physics

The candidates can check the list of some of India’s best colleges for PhD physics. Candidates can also check the PhD Entrance Exams through which one can join these colleges.

Institutes Location Accreditation Annual Fees
Indian Institute of Technology Mumbai AICTE, UGC INR 73,000
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur UGC INR 64,050
Indian Institute of Science Bangalore NAAC, UGC INR 35,200
Indian Institute of Technology Madras AICTE INR 19,670
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani AICTE, NAAC INR 1,10, 125
Loyola College Chennai NAAC INR 7,200
Christ University Bangalore NAAC, UGC INR 35,000
Jadavpur University Kolkata NCTE, COA, AICTE, NAAC, UGC INR 2,388
Shiv Nadar University Greater Noida AICTE, UGC INR 2,10,000
Birla Institute Of Technology Ranchi PCI, AICTE, NAAC, UGC, NBA INR 75,000

Why Study PhD Physics?

There are various reasons why students choose to pursue PhD Physics, based on career opportunities, skills built and various job opportunities. The various reasons for pursuing PhD Physics are as follows-

  • Helps in Acquiring Various Skills

The students pursuing PhD Physicsdevelop theories, conduct experiments, mathematical modelling, etc., and learn natural laws in different fields such as classical, optics, quantum mechanics, astronomy and astrophysics, electricity and magnetism, biomedical physics, and electricity and magnetism, etc.

  • Best Job Opportunities

There are various job opportunities that PhD Physics Students can apply for in industries such as finance, medical, healthcare, education, research, consulting, IT, Banking, etc. For more opportunities, check PhD Salary.

  • Various Future Career Options

Students with a PhD Physics degree can apply for the various job options such as Scientist, Researcher, Physicist, Author & Writer, Lecturer & Professor, Journalist, Human Services Worker, Editor & Critic, Independent Consultant, Industrial R&D Lab professionals, Philosophical Journalist, Senior Research Scientist, etc.

Job Profile And Career Options in PhD Physics

As mentioned above, Students with a PhD Physics degree can apply for various job options such as Scientist, Researcher, Physicist, Author & Writer, Lecturer & Professor, Journalist, Human Services Worker, Editor & Critic, Independent Consultant, Industrial R&D Lab professionals, Philosophical Journalist, Senior Research Scientist, etc.

Here is the list of Some major job profiles for the students who pursued PhD Physics, as follows-

Job Role Job Responsibilities Average Salary
Research Scientist Their main task is learning social events, understanding exploration, advancement and configuration work, exploration as a researcher, etc. INR 8,49,405
Physicist Their main tasks are to conduct studies of the universe and formulate scientific theories, use their expert knowledge to help product designers and engineers develop new scientific equipment, create software to model data and publish scholarly journals detailing their research. INR 8,00,000
Physics Professor They assist students in conducting their own research effectively and ensure their coursework adequately prepares them for work within their field upon graduation. INR 7,99,918
Natural Science Managers They create cost-effective and efficient strategies for research and development. INR 8,62,161
Petroleum Engineers They develop plans for extracting oil and gas, aid in the creation of new machinery, work on-site to ensure that all equipment is installed properly, etc. INR 8,08,111

Admission Process For PhD Physics

Here are the various ways to apply for the PhD Admission colleges/universities offering the course-

  • The students can apply online and offline as per the university rules and guidelines before the deadline by filling out the application form.
  • The candidates will have to qualify for the PhD Entrance Exams conducted by the university and colleges.
  • The shortlisted candidates will also have to qualify for the personal interview session.
  • Some universities also offer a PhD Physics based on the candidates’ marks in their masters.

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