Disaster management includes: A) Rehabilitation B) Reconstruction C) Migration D) All of the above.

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

Disaster management includes all of the given options. Disaster management involves the pillars of emergency management: planning and preparation, mitigation, response, and recovery are all included in disaster management. Emergencies are severe occurrences that pose a risk to property, human life, and overall health but are manageable within the scope of the affected institution. Disaster management concepts are followed in disaster management, emphasizing adaptability, collaboration, and teamwork.

A lack of resources will make it difficult for people and organizations to manage disasters and their impacts. The pillars for increasing capacity include governance, education, governance, and poverty. Hospitals can make the necessary preparations and play a significant part in disaster response.

Disaster Management Includes What?

The four disaster management principles are covered in disaster management: planning and preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery. Disasters are significant occurrences that endanger property, human life, and general health but can be handled by the affected institution. On the other hand, disasters are exceedingly complex events that necessitate resources that are not immediately available. Disaster management adheres to emergency management principles and emphasizes adaptation, collaboration, and teamwork. A disaster is an unforeseen accident or natural calamity that results in significant property damage or human casualties. Pandemics, technology failures, and environmental cataclysms are just a few disasters that can occur naturally or as a result of human activity. To deal with a disaster, resources must be organized and directed and coordinate the roles and duties of responders, private sector organizations, and public sector agencies. Residents of the immediate area are the first to respond to a calamity. They are the first to begin relief and rescue efforts.

Types of Disaster Management Cycle:

  • Prevention entails recognizing potential risks and implementing safety measures to lessen their effects. During this cycle phase, actions that can reduce disaster risk must be put in place permanently. Recognizing that we can’t always avoid tragedies.
  • Mitigation: The goal of relief is to reduce the number of lives lost due to a disaster. It is possible to take both structural and nonstructural actions.
  • Preparedness: Individuals, communities, businesses, and organizations can plan and practice what they’ll do in the case of a disaster as part of the continual preparedness process. The utmost level of preparation is what defines it.
  • Response: The aftermath of a disaster is known as the response. Both short-term and long-term reactions are involved. Any persistent risks are removed from the region during the response phase. 
  • Recovery: Recovery may require several years or even decades. It entails reestablishing all crucial communal functions while stabilizing the area. 

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