67th BPSC Geography Preparation – Check Bihar PSC Geography Strategy and Study Material (Free PDF)!

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

67th BPSC Geography Preparation Tips: Geography is an important part of the BPSC PCS Syllabus and each year a considerable number of questions are asked in the Prelims and Main Exams. Geography as a subject has a direct linkage with other subjects like Environment and Ecology, Disaster & Management, Agriculture, etc. Thus it becomes even more important to have a good understanding of the subject. Many aspirants find geography difficult due to its vast nature and increased number of facts and figures. In this article, we are providing you with a complete strategy with important topics to be focussed on while preparing geography for BPSC.

You can download the BPSC Geography Notes from the direct link mentioned below. The expert-curated BPSC Geography study notes cover all the important topics of the syllabus. 

BPSC Geography Syllabus

BPSC Syllabus for Prelims includes Geography as a major section. Geography is also a part of the BPSC Mains exam under GS Paper 2. Candidates who have Geography as their optional subject must also go through the BPSC geography optional syllabus.

Check the BPSC Syllabus for Geography below (Prelims)

  • General Geography of India and geographical division of Bihar and its major river systems.
  • In Geography, the focus will be on India and Bihar geography.
  • Questions about India’s and Bihar’s geography will focus on the country’s physical, social, and economic geography, as well as the country’s agricultural and natural resources.

BPSC Geography Syllabus in Hindi:

For Prelims:

  • भारत का सामान्य भूगोल और बिहार का भौगोलिक विभाजन और इसकी प्रमुख नदी प्रणालियाँ।
  • भूगोल में भारत और बिहार के भूगोल पर फोकस रहेगा। भारत और बिहार के भूगोल पर प्रश्न भारतीय कृषि और प्राकृतिक संसाधनों की प्राथमिक विशेषताओं सहित देश के भौतिक, सामाजिक और आर्थिक भूगोल से संबंधित होंगे।

For Mains:

  • भारत का भूगोल: भौतिक पहलू, मानवीय पहलू, संसाधन, कृषि, उद्योग, परिवहन और व्यापार, बस्तियाँ, क्षेत्रीय विकास तथा आयोजन
  • बिहार के भूगोल के अन्तर्गत, प्राकृतिक विभाग, मिट्टियाँ, वन, जलवायु, कृषि का प्रतिरूप, सूखा और बाढ़ग्रस्त क्षेत्रों की समस्याएँ और समाधान, प्रमुख खनिज संसाधन- लोहा, ताम्बा, बाक्साइट, अबरख और कोयला, प्रमुख उद्योग- लोहा-इस्पात, एल्युमुनियम, सीमेन्ट, चीनी, प्रमुख औद्योगिक प्रदेश, बिहार की जनंसख्या की समस्या, जन-जातियों की समस्याएँ और उनका समाधान, बिहार में नगरीकरण का प्रतिरूप।

BPSC Mains Geography Syllabus in English:

  • Geography of India: Physical Aspects, Human Aspects, Resources, Agriculture, Industry, Transport and Trade, Settlements, Regional Development and Planning
  • Geography of Bihar, Natural Department, Soils, Forests, Climate, Agriculture Pattern, Problems and Solutions of drought and flood-prone areas, Major Mineral Resources- Iron, Copper, Bauxite, Abrakh and Coal, Major Industries- Iron-Steel, Aluminum, Cement, Sugar, Major industrial region, Population problem of Bihar, Problems of tribals and their solution, Pattern of urbanization in Bihar.

BPSC Geography Questions

In Bihar PCS and various Subordinate exams, the syllabus of Geography is overlapping with other subjects covering Economics (like Iron Steel industries), Agriculture (Soils, Irrigation), Environment (Types of Vegetation etc). Even demography with maps and current affairs is also a part of its core area.

Number of questions Asked every year from Geography

Exam Number of Questions Difficulty Level
 66th BPSC   9  Easy to Moderate
 65th BPSC  13  Medium

Download BPSC Question Papers to solve Geography questions from the previous year

 Question. What is the percentage of all types of forest area to the total geographical area of Bihar state?
A. 7.27
B. 6.87
C. 3.21
D. 12.77
E. None of the Above/More than one of the above
Question. Piedmont Swamp Soil is found only in which of the following district of Bihar?
A. Madhubani
B. Bhagalpur
C. West Champaran
D. Sitamarhi
E. None of the Above/More than one of the above  
Question. Which one of the following districts is having only the National Park of Bihar?
A. Nalanda
B. Bhagalpur
C. West Champaran
D. East Champaran
E. None of the Above/More than one of the above  
Question. Which one of the following pairs of industry and place is not correctly matched?
A. Oil refinery – Barauni
B. Cement – Banjari
C. Fertilizer – Bhaurahi
D. Wagan and engineering – Bhagalpur
E. None of the Above/More than one of the above  
Question. The state of India with the maximum number of wildlife sanctuaries is
A. Karanataka
B. Tamil Nadu
C. Maharastra
D. Madhya Pradesh
E. None of the Above/More than one of the above  

BPSC Geography Books

Important sources of the Geography syllabus for the upcoming BPSC exam is mentioned below. 

  • Class IX NCERT: Contemporary India Part-I
  • Class X NCERT: Contemporary India Part-II
  • Class XI NCERT: Fundamentals of Physical Geography
  • Class XI NCERT: Indian Physical Environment
  • Class XII NCERT: Fundamentals of Human Geography
  • Class XII NCERT: India, People and Economy
  • Certificate Physical and Human Geography by G. C. Leong
  • India and World Geography by Majid Hussain
  • School Atlas like Oxford University Press, Orient Longman.
  • For Current affairs read anyone good newspaper like The Hindu or The Indian Express and note down major geographical events like Tsunami, earthquakes etc.

Check the list of BPSC books for your exam preparation. 

How to prepare India & World Geography for Bihar BPSC Exams?

Geography is an interesting subject, but some people find it boring and confusing because one needs to read a lot of facts and concepts.

Here are some tips that would surely help you ace this subject!

How to study Geography?

  • Read the syllabus of the exam many times so that you know precisely what to learn from your study material. Start with the NCERTs and after that refer to higher-level books.
  • It is necessary to take track of these figures much like every other subject geography with facts, names, and numbers.
  • Most of the geography-based questions are directly or indirectly linked with maps. Thorough knowledge of maps (India and World) location, important cities, physical features, river system, passes and peaks could be and should be studied from maps.
  • Most of the sub-topics are dynamically linked with National and International events. Thus it is very important for every serious aspirant to study in the same manner.
  • The aspirants need to focus upon all basic questions from previous year papers to get a good hold of question trends and conceptual understanding.
  • Joining the Standard test series to track your preparation and to know the surprising areas and patterns in which questions could be asked.

Check BPSC Mock Test for the Prelims Exam

  • A number of geographical phenomena in newspapers every day, such as earthquakes, tsunami, tidal disappearances etc. Read about a natural disaster or event and compare it to what you read in the textbooks.
  • To ensure success keep the strategy very simple, stick to basics, have a clear conceptual understanding and revise and revisit what you have learned.

Complete Geography Notes, Download Free PDFs 

Download BPSC Geography notes for all the important topics of the syllabus below. 



Study Material Link


India and the Administrative Units; the States and Union Territories (Part I)

Click Here


Physiography of India (Himalayas, Northern Plains)

Click Here


Physiography of India (Peninsular Plateau, Coastal Plains, Islands)

Click Here


Drainage System in India

Click Here


Soils and Agriculture in India

Click Here


Important Lakes in India

Click Here


Indian Climate Notes: Monsoon, El Nino Effect, Koeppen’s Classification

Click Here


Natural Vegetation in India (Different type of forest in India)

Click Here


Solar System

Click Here


Census 2011

Click Here


Important Dams in India

Click Here


Minerals in India

Click Here


World Geography: Mountain Ranges, Peaks, Rivers, Lakes

Click Here


World Geography: Desert, Trenches, Straits

Click Here


World Geography: Ocean Currents, Volcanoes, Boundary Lines Between Countries

Click Here


Interior Structure of the Earth

Click Here


Landforms: Fluvial, Glacial, Karst, Coastal & Arid

Click Here


Geomorphic Processes: Endogenic and Exogenic Process

Click Here 


Classification of Clouds

Click Here


Climate: Introduction and factors affecting it 

Click Here


Important Tribes of India

Click Here


Important Straits

Click Here


Mediterranean Type Climate

Click Here


Steppe Type Climate

Click Here


Agriculture in India

Click Here


Ozone Layer, Ozone Hole Recovery 

Click Here


List of Nuclear Power Plants & Thermal Power Plants

Click Here



Related Important Links for Preparation

67th BPSC Exam Notification

BPSC Exam Pattern 2022 for Prelims & Mains in Hindi/English

BPSC Syllabus 2022

BPSC Question Papers

BPSC Preparation Tips

67th BPSC Book List and Strategy for Exam Preparation

BPSC Study Material 2022



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