UGC NET Sociology – Preparation Tips, Strategy, Study Material

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

UGC NET Sociology is one of the most popular subjects chosen by candidates for Paper II of the NET exam. However, it is also a challenging subject that sees immense competition every year. Questions from Sociology account for 100 questions with 200 marks in the UGC NET Paper II. And with the right strategy and preparation tips, candidates can increase their chances of cracking the UGC NET Sociology exam. Keep reading to learn how to tackle the vast syllabus of this subject and ace the exam in your first attempt.

How to Prepare for the UGC NET Sociology Paper II Exam?

Be it any competitive exam, strategy-making is a crucial step towards an intensive preparation of the topics of the subject. Since sociology has always been thought of as dealing with basic knowledge and regular life by laymen, it’s taken for granted by NET aspirants alike. We will now discuss some important preparation tips for the candidates who aspire to qualify for UGC NET in Sociology.

1. Acquaint yourself with the syllabus

  •     As per the new pattern, the NET exam comprises two papers: Paper-I and Paper II.
  •     There are no changes in the pattern of Paper-I. However, there is only one paper to test the knowledge of your subject i.e., Paper -2.
  •     As per the new pattern, paper 2 comprises 100 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), and each question carries two marks.
  •     Students must go through UGC NET Sociology Syllabus for Paper II for better understanding.

2. Making a Timeline:

The second most important step is to make a feasible timeline. While preparing the timeline, you should keep some factors in mind.

  •     If you are still pursuing your master’s or have just passed out, the timeline can be a bit relaxed.
  •     However, if you graduated long back, you need to cover the entire syllabus again (from scratch) and need a good amount of time.
  •     We advise starting early, let’s say four-five months before the exam.
  •     3-4 hours per day is a decent amount of time to be allocated for the preparation. The timeline will also depend on whether you aspire to qualify for NET or JRF.
  •     JRF would require a more rigorous approach as the merit for JRF is quite high these days.

3. Study material

  •     The quality of the study material is very critical in deciding whether or not one will qualify for the exam.
  •     Some of the old curators of content are Upkar and Arihant that have been known to cover the UGC NET Syllabus comprehensively.
  •     While some printing errors and typos may be, these books help you follow the syllabus more organized.
  •     Always prefer NCERT, your graduation and masters’ notes for a quick brush-up of basic concepts and sociological understanding of common terms like ‘development’, ‘family’, ‘division of labor, ‘capitalism’, ‘cities’, ‘rural’, and so on.
  •     While these terms seem familiar to everyone, a sociology student must have a sociological perspective on them.
  •     Consult a sociology dictionary is required to understand some technical terms more comprehensively.
  •     It is also advised to read some core UGC NET Sociology books such as Sociology by T.B. Bottomore, Sociological Theory by Abraham and Francis, Introduction to Sociology by Haralumbos, etc.
  •     Several video tutorials are also available which teach basic concepts, and one can take their help as and when required.

5. Previous year trends

  •     Solve more and more previous year’s question papers and try understanding the trend.  
  •     Solved question papers would give a very good idea about the kinds of questions in the NET test.
  •     Upon careful analysis of the previous year’s trends, it has been noticed that questions from certain topics are asked every year.
  •     Such concepts include the difference between enculturation and acculturation, upward and downward mobility, horizontal and vertical mobility, primary and secondary socialization, and so on.
  •     Understanding the thin line of difference in the meaning of such terms will boost your confidence.

6. Some Sample Questions

Let us consider the set of these questions. In the NET exam of July 2018 Sociology, the question was:

“Which of the following processes is considered equivalent to ‘socialization’?”

  •     Acculturation
  •     Accommodation
  •     Enculturation
  •     Mobilization

In November 2017, there was  a somewhat similar question:

Socialization is also called ______.

  •     Acculturation
  •     Cultural Diffusion
  •     Enculturation
  •     All of the above

The answer to both of these questions is acculturation. This question has been repeated many times. So, solving at least 10-12 previous year question papers is highly recommended before the exam.

7. Maintain Proper Notes

  •     As you go forward with your preparation, make proper notes and pointers for each topic.
  •     For instance, if you are preparing the ‘Family and Kinship’ topic, make notes on the definition given by various sociologists and anthropologists.
  •     Remember that Sociology is about the social context. So, apart from who gave which definition, note the context in which the ‘so and so’ definition/concept emerged along with the year.
  •     Organizing your notes topic-wise, author-wise, and context (year and place) wise will make revision easy. Make a grid as follows, if required.





‘Family is a more or less durable association of husband and wife, with or without a child, or of a man or woman alone, with children.’

M. F. Nimkoff


‘Family is the biological, social unit composed of husband, wife, and children.

Eliot and Merrill


‘Family is a group of persons, whose relations to one another are based upon consanguinity and who are therefore kin to one another.’

Kingsley Davis

8. Mock Tests

  •     It is desirable to take at least one mock test before starting the preparation. This will help you assess how much you need to prepare.
  •     The test taken in the beginning will help you to judge your level of familiarity with the concepts and the amount of energy, hard work, and time needed to prepare these topics.
  •      Paper II is an objective test paper, and questions are in the form of multiple choices, matching, true/false, situation analysis, and comprehension.
  •     As you start feeling confident about your preparation, increase the number of mock tests that you attempt.
  •     Giving tests will ensure that you complete the test with speed and accuracy.
  •     One must also keep in mind that the score of Paper-I also matters a lot. Devote a minimum of one hour every day to revise reasoning, mathematical concepts, and teaching and research aptitude.

We hope the strategies mentioned above will help you prepare for the sociology section of the UGC NET exam well. Check out the following study notes to take your preparation to the next level:

Also, Check
UGC NET Commerce Preparation Stretagy UGC NET Education Preparation Tips
UGC NET Sociology Preparation Strategy UGC NET Hindi Literature Preparation Stretagy
UGC NET English Preparation Tips UGC NET History Preparation Tips


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