Study Notes on Communication Barriers (Part 1)

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

UGC NET Exam is conducted twice a year by NTA. There are ten units in Paper-1 and each unit has equal weightage in the examination. Most Important Topics in UGC NET Environment, Logical Reasoning, Teaching Aptitude, Research Aptitude, Communication, ICT, Higher Education.

Communication Barriers is an important topic for UGC NET Paper 1. It is part of the Communication Unit, and constitute a significant weightage in exam. As we all now that every single marks matter if we wish to crack NET and JRF. So, here we are going to discuss about the various communication barriers and also refer to some previous question on the topic of Communication Barriers. 

Communication basically involves the exchange of ideas and information in the form of message between two or more persons. The primary objective of communication is the exchange of clear message without any disturbance. The factors that usually became an obstacle during the exchange of ideas and message are considered as Communication barriers. Communication barriers not only hinder personal relationships but can also obstruct professional associations and seriously compromise negotiation efforts.

Let’s look at the different categories of Communication Barriers:

Physical Barriers

  •  They are the most obvious communication barriers to effective communication.
  •  They include barriers like noise, closed doors, faulty equipment used for communication, closed cabins, etc.
  • Sometimes, in a large office, the physical separation between various employees combined with faulty equipment may result in severe barriers to effective communication.

Technical Barriers

  • Any kind of technical issues that hinders communication or disturb the message is a technical barrier.
  • Damage or weakness in communication channels like mobile signal loss or internet failure are examples of technical barriers.
  • The software and hardware used for communication process also sometimes experience failure and bug and this create technical barriers.

Semantic Barriers

  • The Semantic barrier in communication can be defined as the misunderstanding and interpretation of meaning which restrict effective communication. It can be in the form of language, sign and symbol.
  • Differences in dialect, cultural differences, body language, and the choice of word, pronunciation differences and spelling errors are the main causes of a semantic barrier.
  • There are two types of semantic barrier to communication. Denotative barriers which are based on and caused by the direct meaning of a word. Connotative barriers refer to the differences in the meaning of the defined word. In addition to its exact or lexical meaning, words also acquire implied meanings called connotative meanings.

Organizational Barriers

  • These arise due to the structure and environment of the organisation. As organisational communication involves interaction between the persons who are at different levels.
  • Causes behind them are the hierarchial structure, stringent rules, and policies of the organisation, complex organisational structure, and so on.
  • If the superior in an organisation is not listening to the views of subordination due to hierarchial structure than this will create an organisational barrier in communication.

Psychological Barriers

  • The Psychological or Emotional Barriers refers to the psychological state i.e. Opinions, attitudes, status consciousness, emotions, etc. of a person that deeply affects the ability to communicate.
  • Communication will not be effective if the communicator acts judgemental and jumps to conclusion without even understanding the complete message. It is not good for both the sender and receiver.
  • Emotional state can pose a damaging barrier to communication. If the sender is angry when he or she sends the message, it will affect the way in which the receiver interprets the message.

Now, try to solve these question from previous year questions on Communication barriers:

# July 2016

Q1. What are the barriers to effective communication?

  1.  Moralizing, being judgemental, and comments of consolation
  2.  Dialogue, summary, and self-review
  3.  Use of simple words, cool reaction, and defensive attitude
  4.  Personal statements, eye contact, and simple narration

#June 2019

Q2. The semantic barrier of communication is implied when the:

  1. The signal is lost before reaching the receiver.
  2. The message transmitted by the source is unclear.
  3. receiver’s attention is diverted.
  4. The receiver does not understand the meaning of the message.

UGC NET Paper 2 Syllabus 2022 – Topics Wise Details

The UGC NET Test will consist of two papers. Paper 1 has 50 questions with each question comprising of 2 marks. Paper 2 will have 100 questions of 2 marks each. The direct link to the UGC NET syllabus pdf is linked below. Go through the UGC NET Exam Pattern 2022

Note: The duration of the examination will be 3 hours only. There will be no break. It will be a CBT mode examination and the candidate can choose any paper to attempt first. 

UGC NET Exam Pattern

  • The cut-off will be decided after obtaining marks out of 300 (Paper I and Paper II).


Total number of Questions

Total Marks


Paper I



3 hour duration

Paper II



Also Read: 

Best Books for UGC NET Paper 2 Read Here
Preparation Tips for UGC NET Read Here
UGC NET 3 month study plan Read Here
UGC NET 6 month study plan Read Here

Hope you guys now have a better understanding about of the communication barriers. The remaining barriers will be discussed in the Part II article.   If you have any other query, please comment. Also, comment your answers for the above questions.

 Communication Barrier (Part-II)

Thank you!

BYJU’S Exam Prep. 

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