Tips to Solve Sentence Correction/Improvement Questions for Bank Exams

By Amrit Gouda|Updated : December 2nd, 2021

Tips to Solve Sentence Improvement: Sentence Correction/Improvement is the most important and high Scoring section in the verbal ability portion of any bank exams. The concepts and tricks of this particular topic are based not only on the Fundamentals of Grammar but also on the correct usage of various words.

You can expect around 4-5 questions from this chapter in almost all the bank exams like SBI PO, IBPS PO, and IBPS Clerk. Here are some tips and tricks to solve sentence improvement questions with the help of sentence correction rules which are important for bank exams

Table of Content

Tips to Solve Sentence Improvement: Sentence Correction/Improvement is the most important and high Scoring section in the verbal ability portion of any bank exams. The concepts and tricks of this particular topic are based not only on the Fundamentals of Grammar but also on the correct usage of various words.

You can expect around 4-5 questions from this chapter in almost all the bank exams like SBI PO, IBPS PO, and IBPS Clerk. Here are some tips and tricks to solve sentence improvement questions with the help of sentence correction rules which are important for bank exams

What is Sentence Improvement?

In this type of question, you will be given some sentences with a part of the sentences underlined. You will be asked to correct the part of the sentence from grammatical and vocabulary points of view.

Importance of Sentence Improvement in Bank Exams:

  • You can expect around 4-5 questions from this chapter in all the bank exams.
  • You need to go through all the fundamental rules of grammar from any standard book or material.
  • Practice as many questions as possible on BYJU'S Exam Prep app.
  • You can easily score full marks in this chapter if prepared and practised well.

Ticks to Solve Sentence Improvement Questions for Bank Exams

First of all, there are some grammar basic rules, which one must know for a better understanding of Sentence Correction Questions. These are-

I. Subject-Verb Understanding: The verb in a sentence must be in accordance with its subject.

(i) They both should be either singular or plural.

Example:

  • A boy is reading a novel (singular).
  • The boys are reading a novel (plural)

You can practice the most expected sentence improvement questions asked in Bank exams with the Bank Test Series designed by the experts of BYJU'S Exam Prep.

(ii) In case, the subject is a collective noun, then the verb will take a singular form.

Example: The class is making a noise.

Note:  There are four collective nouns viz. - cattle, poultry, police, and gentry; with these nouns, we use a plural verb. And there are exceptions to the rule.

(iii) In case, the subjects are connected by AND; they require a plural verb.

Example: Gold and Silver are precious metals.

(iv) If the subjects are connected by OR, the verb used will be singular

Example: The dog or the pup is sick.

(v) In case there are two different subjects; the verb is put matching the closure subject.

Example:

  • Sachin or I am going for a party.
  • Sachin or Rahul is going for the party.

(vi) All the sentences that begin with EACH, EVERYONE, and ANYONE will have a singular verb.

Example: 

  • Every one of the boys loves to ride.
  • Anyone has a pen, please.

(vii) Confusion between I and Me: Often there is confusion on which form to use when there are two subjects or objects linked with AND, as in these examples:

a) Jenny and me/I joined the chess club.

b) Jill took Justin and me/I to the shop.

In sentence a) - Jenny and me/I are the subjects of the verb joined. Therefore, the subject pronoun ‘I’ is considered correct grammatically.

For sentence b) - Justin and me/I are the objects of took. Therefore ‘me’ is considered correct grammatically.

Note: Whenever a comparison is made using than or as, the objective form of Pronoun is used.

Example:

  • He is taller than I am.
  • He writes as fast I am.
  • I swim better than him.
  • I am as tall as her.

(viii) Usage of NEITHER...NOR and EITHER.....OR: 

If both the subjects are singular, the verb will also be singular.

Example: Either the mother or the daughter has cooked the meal.

But when one of the subjects, joined by OR or NOR is plural, the verb must be plural and the subject should be placed near the verb.

Example: Neither the teacher nor the students were present.

Similar usage:

While forming a sentence, the structure of the sentence should be kept parallel. If an infinitive is used, then all the phrases should have an infinitive. If a verb is used after it, then we use the objective cases.

Example: She likes to cook, dance, and play.

A similar rule is used for a gerund.

Example: She likes cooking, dancing and playing.

II. Repetition Error: Sometimes also referred to a ‘redundancy’, this is the error of writing the same thing twice.

Example:

  • He returned back from Delhi.
  • I hardly have any money to give you.

The correct way of saying these should be

  • He came back from Delhi.
  • I have no money to give you.

III. Modifier Error: A common blunder is to leave a participle, without a subject.

For example seating on the gate, a scorpion stung him.

Here, ‘seating’ cannot be used for scorpions as it is grammatically incorrect.  So, the correct way of saying should be -

seating on the gate, he was stung by a scorpion or

While he was seating on the gate, a scorpion stung him.

More Example:

He visited the place where Napoleon died during his holidays.

It seems as the participle ‘during his holidays’ is used for Napoleon while it is meant for the person visiting. So the correct way of saying should be -

During his holidays, he visited the place where Napoleon died. Using this, it is easy to grasp.

IV. Comparisons: The comparisons made should be between two similar things, like - The population of London is greater than any other city in India. We are comparing:-

(a) The population of London

(b) Any other city in India.

The correct comparison should be between the populations of both. So, the correct expression should be:-

The population of London is greater than that of any other city in India.

Rule -

(a) When the comparative degree is used with then, make sure that we exclude the thing compared from the rest of the class of things by using the

Example:

  • He is stronger than any man living. (Incorrect).
  • He is stronger than any other man living. (Correct).
  • Similarly, Solomon was wiser than all other men.

(b) In superlative degree, we must include the thing compared.

Example:

  • Solomon was the wisest of all men.
  • He is the strongest of all men.

To watch concept classes and chapter-wise sessions by exam-qualified experts, you can try our Bank Online Coaching.

Difference Between Some Confusing Words

i) Few and Less

Few is used before countable nouns while ‘less’ is used before uncountable nouns.

Example:

  • There a few children in the class today.
  • There is less juice left in the jar.

ii) Few and A few

Few is equivalent to something negligible, hardly any while. A few is equivalent to some.

Example:

  • Few persons can keep a secret.
  • A few persons are convinced about the new manager.

iii) Little and A Little

‘Little’ and ‘a little’ are used for quantity in the same manner.

Example:

  • There is little hope of his recovery (almost nil).
  • A little tact would have saved the situation (some tact).

iv) Lay and Lie

We need to distinguish between these two words as they are used very differently.

(a) Lay, laid – read the examples given below to understand the difference clearly.

  • ‘Lay the table’ ordered the mistress
  • He laid the guitar by his side.
  • The hen had laid an egg.

(b) Lie, Lay, Lain

  • Let me lie down here.
  • He lay under the Banyan tree.
  • He had lain in the sun for three hours yesterday.

Some Tricks to Solve Sentence Correction

i) Trust Your Ears - If you become stuck, 'say' the choices in your head and then select the passage that sounds best to your ears.

ii) Know the Time - Use time indicators like -before, during, etc., to eliminate options that contain verb tense errors. Note here that events that occur during the same time period must be in the same tense.

iii) Run the Numbers - If a sentence is about some sort of numerical quantity, check for idiomatic errors. And apply the above-mentioned difference between words.

Examples of Sentence Correction Questions

1. Direction: In the given question, a part of the sentence is printed in bold. Below the sentence alternatives to the bold part are given at (A), (B), (C) (D), and (E) which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative.

While I was leaving the port to embark on another mission to the Mediterranean, I could sense the tension amongst my subordinates and fellow officers because of the change in an increasingly hostile political scenario around the mission.

A. left the port to embark on another mission to the Mediterranean, I could sense the tension amongst my subordinates and fellow officers because of the changing
B. left the port embarking on any other mission to the Mediterranean, I could sense the tension amongst my subordinates and fellow officers because of the changing
C. leaving the port to embark on another mission to the Mediterranean, I could sense the tension amongst my subordinates and fellow officers because of the changing
D. leaving the port to embark on another mission to the Mediterranean, I would have sensed the tension amongst my subordinates and fellow officers because of the change in
E. No correction required

Ans. C. 

A) ‘Left’ can’t be used after ‘was’ in the current case. 
B) ‘Left’ can’t be used after ‘was’ in the current case. Also, ‘any other mission’ makes no sense here. 
D) ‘Would have sensed’ is inappropriate as the statement is in the present tense and this phrase would not be in sync with the subject-verb agreement.
Thus, option E is the correct response.

2. Question: A part of the sentence is given in bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part which will make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. Choose the correct alternative. 

I think Swati had something important to say, however she was unable to express her viewpoint to a dubious audience.

A. The people were willing to accept her views 
B. she did not change the minds of the intelligent public 
C. she failed to convince a suspicious congregation 
D. she was unable in expressing her viewpoint to a dubious audience 
E. she could not express the dubious audience 
 
Ans. E. 

Solution In option A the sentence has been changed completely 
In option B error in usage of the words. “She did not change the minds of the intelligent public” means different. The sentence is “she could not express the dubious audience” 
In option C “she could not express the dubious audience” will come instead of “she failed to convince a suspicious congregation” 
In option D error of tense is there. 
Option E is the correct option

 
3. Direction: A part of the sentence is underlined. Below its alternatives to the underlined part are given which will make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. Choose the correct alternative. 

The main reason behind this clash is that consumer advocates are worrying that the competing agendas of economic policymakers, who want uniform international standards, and federal regulators, who are trying to balance consumer protection and commercial rights, would neglect the interests of people most affected by the privacy policies.

A. are worrying that the competing agendas of economic policymakers, who want uniform international standards, and federal regulators, who are trying to balance consumer protection and commercial rights, would neglect the interests of people 
B. Worry that the competing agendas of economic policymakers, wanting uniform international standards, and federal regulators, trying to balance consumer protection and commercial rights, neglect the interests of people 
C. worried that the competing agendas of economic policymakers, who wanted uniform international standards, and federal regulators, who were trying to balance consumer protection and commercial rights, was neglecting the interests of people 
D. worry that the competing agendas of economic policymakers, that want uniform international standards, and federal regulators, that are trying to balance consumer protection and commercial rights, would neglect the interests of people 
E. worry that the competing agendas of economic policymakers, who want uniform international standards, and federal regulators, who are trying to balance consumer protection and commercial rights, will neglect the interests of people 

3. Ans. E. 

A – Avoid the continuous tense ‘worrying‘. The use of ‘would‘ is incorrect since the sentence is in the present tense, and has the context of implications in the future.
B – ‘wanting ‘ is incorrect. Also, ‘agendas‘ does not agree with ‘neglects‘ 
C – The use of simple past tense ‘worried‘ is incorrect since the sentence is in the present tense and has the context of implications in the future. ‘Wanted‘ is not parallel with ‘trying‘. ‘Agendas‘ do not agree with the singular ‘was‘. 
D – The use of ‘would‘ is incorrect since the sentence is in the present tense, and has the context of implications in the future. 

4. Direction: A part of the sentence is given in bold. Below its alternatives to the bold part are given which will make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. Choose the correct alternative.

The arrival of reliable self-driving cars could herald a safer era for people, with fewer accidents and found time newly to accomplish things during commutes that were previously spent staring at the road.

A. could herald a safer era for people, with fewer accidents and found time newly to accomplish things during commutes that were 
B. could herald a safer era for people, with fewer accidents and newly found time to accomplish things during commutes that was 
C. could herald a safer era for people, with few accidents and newly found time to accomplish things during commutes that were 
D. could herald a safer era for people, with fewer accidents and newly found time during commutes to accomplish things that were 
E. could herald a safer era for people, with fewer accidents and newly found time to accomplish things during commutes that were 

Ans. E. 

The original statement i.e A is grammatically incorrect because there is an error of structure in the phrase, “found time newly”. It should be “newly found time” as the adverb “newly” qualifies the verb “found”. In statement B, the verb “was” corresponds to “things”. Hence, there is an error of noun-verb agreement. Statement C is also incorrect as the preceding adjective “safer” requires a comparative adjective to maintain its consistency in the diction. In statement D, the complete sense of the statement has been distorted due to the wrong arrangement of the words i.e “during commutes to accomplish things.

5. Direction: Which of the phrases A, B, C, and D can replace the part printed in bold in the sentence? If the given sentence is correct as it is, mark E i.e no improvement as the answer.

Each country has a blended approach to engaging China, which includes preparation for a turn for the worse in Chinese behavior.

A. Prepares in a turn 
B. Preparation of a turn 
C. Preparation to account
D. Preparing for a turn 
E. No improvement 

Ans. C. 

The question statement fails to make any sense and thus is incorrect. The best way to solve this question is to account for the meaning and context of the statement. The bold part is followed by the preposition 'for'  and thus any form of 'turn' doesn't hold good grammatically. So, option C is the most appropriate response.

6. Direction: Which of the phrases A, B, C, and D can replace the part printed in bold in the sentence? If the given sentence is correct as it is, mark E i.e. no correction required as the answer.

The reason why she had left the job was that she was angry with the manager.

A. Has left the job 
B. Having left the job 
C. Is having left the job 
D. Is leaving the job 
E. No correction required 

Ans. E. 

The answer to this is the statement 'E.' The statement is correct in itself since every verb is in the past tense, keeping in tune with the tone of the sentence.

Direction: In the following question, a part of the sentence is printed in bold. Below the sentence alternatives to the bold part are given at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E) i.e. No correction required. 

7. In the late nineties these missile missives were common, but in a few years, the segregated lone male’s comical attempts and would be replaced by a wireless Bluetooth assault of tracking devices looking to make an electronic connection with bored, lonely women longing for Bluetooth friends.

A. The segregated male lone with their comically desperate attempts 
B. These comically desperate attempts of the segregated lone male 
C. The segregated lone male and their comically desperate attempts 
D. The segregation of the lone male from their comically desperate attempts 
E. No correction required 

Ans. B. 

A- It is the comically desperate attempts that the sentence says will be replaced, not the male population. 
C-“and” is the incorrect conjunction as it does not establish a connection between the segregated lone male and their comically desperate attempts. 
D-Comically desperate attempts must be replaced, and this phrase makes no sense in that context, as 'lone male' and 'attempts' are both interdependent. 
E-“and” must not follow the phrase, as the replacement of the aforementioned attempts is being talked about and “and” creates a break. 
Hence the correct answer is B.

8. Direction: Which of the phrases A, B, C and D can replace the part printed in bold in the sentence? If the given sentence is correct as it is, mark E i.e. no correction required as the answer. 

By disregarding the opinions of your friends and family, one often ran the danger of alienating them.

A. Often run the danger of
B. Seldom runs the dangers of
C. Seldom ran the danger of
D. Often runs the danger of
E. No correction required

Ans. D. 

The answer to this question is the statement 'D.' This option fits perfectly into the sentence because the word 'One' is a singular noun therefore the plural verb, 'runs' must follow. Since the sentence is in the present tense, the verb too must be in the present tense.

9. Direction: Which of the phrases A, B, C and D can replace the part printed in bold in the sentence? If the given sentence is correct as it is, mark E i.e. no correction required as the answer. 

The gym trainer appreciated the novice at handling considered to be difficult exercises.

A. considerable difficult 
B. considerably difficult 
C. considerably and difficult 
D. considered difficulty 
E. No correction required
 
Ans. B. 

"Considerably difficult" means something difficult of a significant level. Difficult is an adjective that describes exercises. The word 'considerable' should be used in its adverb form which is 'considerably' to define difficult exercises. 

10. Direction: Which of the phrases A, B, C, and D can replace the part printed in bold in the sentence? If the given sentence is correct as it is, mark E i.e. no correction required as the answer.

No sooner did the rain stop than the boys went to play.

A. did the rain stop than 
B. had the rain stop 
C. rain stop than did 
D. the rain had stopped 
E. No correction required 

Ans. A. 

With "no sooner did", the conjunction used is than. 

The chapter can be useful for the following exams:

S. No.

Name of the exam

1

SBI Clerk

2

SBI PO

3

IBPS Clerk

4

IBPS PO

5

IBPS RRB

6

RBI Assistant

7

RBI Grade-B

8

NABARD Grade-A

10

SBI Apprentice

12

LIC AAO

Important Links:

If you are aiming to crack IBPS PO 2021, then join the Online Classroom Program where you will get:

byjusexamprep

  • Live Courses by Top Faculty
  • Daily Study Plan 
  • Comprehensive Study Material 
  • Latest Pattern Test Series 
  • Complete Doubt Resolution 
  • Regular Assessments with Report Card

Click here to access Test Series

Why BYJU'S Exam Prep Test Series?

  • Unlimited access to 18+ Bank and Insurance Exam mock tests
  • Mock Tests designed by Exam Experts.
  • Detailed Performance Analysis. 

Download the BYJU’S Exam Prep App Now. 

The most comprehensive exam prep app.

#DreamStriveSucceed

Comments

write a comment
Load Previous Comments
Tejas Badiger
Thank you mam
Sayali Minde
Mam I'm a third year student of bcom . I couldn't understand that how to start the bank po exams preparation, from where I should start? I'm so confused mam plz reply me
Shalu Thakur
Very useful
Dushyant

DushyantSep 7, 2021

He is taller than I am or he is taller than me, I think both are correct. Isn't it?
prasanna kumar
thank you mam
Sits Yadav

Sits YadavNov 27, 2021

Sir too ,much too,it,its it's and preposition pe bi laiye plz🙏🙏
Rekha Princy

Rekha PrincyDec 15, 2021

Very helpful for recalling the grammar part

FAQs

  • The candidates can find Sentence Improvement questions for bank exam 2021 at BYJU'S Exam Prep app or website.

  • In this type of question, you will be given some sentences with a part of the sentences underlined. You will be asked to correct the part of the sentence from grammatical and vocabulary points of view.

  • You can expect 4-5 questions from this chapter in almost all the bank exams.

  • Sentence improvement is an integral part of the English syllabus of bank exams. You can not ignore this chapter. You can expect 4-5 questions from this chapter in almost all the bank exams. With proper practice, you can easily score very well in this section.

PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

BankingIBPS POIBPS ClerkSBI POIBPS SOSBI ClerkRBIRRBLICESICNainital BankOtherQuick LinkMock Test
tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishSBI Clerk OverviewSBI Clerk Apply OnlineSBI Clerk Eligibility CriteriaSBI Clerk Selection ProcessSBI Clerk Vacancy

PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

BankingIBPS POIBPS ClerkSBI POIBPS SOSBI ClerkRBIRRBLICESICNainital BankOtherQuick LinkMock Test
tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishSBI Clerk OverviewSBI Clerk Apply OnlineSBI Clerk Eligibility CriteriaSBI Clerk Selection ProcessSBI Clerk Vacancy

Follow us for latest updates