Trick to Remember Important Sessions of Indian National Congress

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

The Indian National Congress has played a very crucial role in the Independence movement of India. Every year 2-3 questions come in UPSC and State PSC preliminary examinations from this section. Focusing on the significance of the topic and the complexities in remembering all the essential facts, the article provides for easy and interesting ways to memorize them.

Trick to remember Important sessions of Indian National Congress

Important Sessions of Indian National Congress




Bombay Session, 1885

W C Banerjee

The first session of INC

Allahabad Session, 1888

George Yule

First English President of INC

Calcutta Session, 1896

Rahimtullah M. Sayani

National song ‘Vande Mataram’ sung for the first time

Calcutta Session, 1906

Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai Naoroji coined the term Swaraj.

Surat Session, 1907

Rash Behari Ghosh

Party splits into extremists and moderates

Calcutta Session, 1911

Bishan Narayan Dar

National Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ sung for the first time

Lucknow Session, 1916

Ambica Charan Mazumdar

Merger/Reunion of Congress and Lucknow pact – joint session with the Muslim league

Calcutta Session, 1917

Annie Besant

First Woman President of the Inc

Amritsar Session, 1919

Motilal Nehru

Jaliawala Bagh Massacre took place

Belgaum Session, 1924

M K Gandhi

The only session where Gandhi Ji was the President of INC

Kanpur Session, 1925

Sarojini Naidu

First Indian Woman President of INC

Madras Session, 1927

M A Ansari

Independence Resolution was put forward

Calcutta Session, 1928

Motilal Nehru

All India Youth Congress formed

Lahore Session, 1929

Jawaharlal Nehru

The resolution for Poorna Swaraj was passed. Civil Disobedience Movement for complete independence to be launched, and 26th January was decided to be celebrated as ‘Independence Day of India.’

Karachi Session, 1931

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Resolution on Fundamental Rights and national economic progress was passed. Gandhi-Irwin pact was endorsed, and  Gandhi Ji was nominated to represent INC in the second round table conference

Lucknow Session, 1936

Jawaharlal Nehru

Put forward the idea of Socialism

Haripura Session, 1938

Subhas Chandra Bose

National Planning Committee set up under Jawahar Lal Nehru. Haripura Resolution passed, which demanded Poorna Swaraj, including the princely states as well.

Ramgarh Session, 1940

Abul Kalam Azad

He was the longest-serving President of INC during British rule.

Quit India Movement started in 1942

Meerut Session, 1946

J.B. Kripalani

Last session before Indian independence


(1) Trick to remember all the Firsts of INC:

Congress of 85 Bandra in Bombay invited 88 Generals All English to meet Annie of Calcutta in 1917 and Sarojini aged 25 in Kanpur.

  • 85 Bandra in Bombay: the First session of INC; 1885 Bombay Session presided by W.C. Banerjee
  • 88 Generals All English: First English President of INC; 1888 Allahabad Session presided by George Yule.
  • Annie of Calcutta in 1917: First woman President; 1917 Calcutta Session presided by Annie Besant.
  • Sarojini, aged 25 in Kanpur: First Indian woman President: 1925 Kanpur Session presided by Sarojini Naidu.

(2) Trick to remember sessions related to National Anthem and National Song:

V-96 and J-11 in Calcutta

  • V-96: Vande Matram in 1896 Calcutta Session
  • J-11: Jana Gana Mana in 1911 Culcutta Session

(3) Trick to remember sessions related to Split and Reunion:

Ras saw Surat split in 1907 which united in Lucknow in 1917 by Mazumdar

(4) Trick to remember important sessions of INC:

Begum Gandhi of 24 demanded Poolside snacks with Nehru in Lahore Tonight but Patel of 31 asked for Fried Rice and New Eco Pot from Karachi, Gandhi went on Second Table.

  • Begum Gandhi of 24: 1924 Belgaum session presided by Gandhi Ji
  • Poolside snacks with Nehru in Lahore Tonight: 1929 Lahore Session, Nehru demanded Poorna Swaraj
  • Patel of 31 asked for Fried Rice and New Eco Pot from Karachi, Gandhi went on Second Table: 1931 Karachi Session presided by Patel demanded Fundamental Rights and New Economic Policy. Gandhi Ji was elected to represent INC in second round table conference.

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