Global Nutrition Report 2018 and India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

  • Remarkable progress has been made when it comes to economic growth along with the health and longevity of the Indians in the post-independence era. Yet the crude reality remains that one-third of world’s stunted children (under the age of 5) live in India, as reports the World Nutrition Report 2018. India tops the chart followed by Nigeria and Pakistan.
  • India also figures among countries with high figures of overweight children, the others being China, Indonesia, Egypt, the US, Brazil, and Pakistan.
  • Stunting as defined by the WHO is the impaired growth and development that children experience from poor nutrition, repeated infection, and inadequate psychosocial stimulation.
  • The reportpublished by International Food Policy Research Institute, tracks worldwide progress for all 193 United Nations countries in improving their nutrition status.
  • As per the report, malnutrition as a problem costs $3.5 trillion per year. Most of the countries have fallen short of their goals and nutritional targets but the USA, the world’s largest economy suffers from high rates of obesity, diabetes, and anaemia. The research also showed that Malnutrition leads to about half of all childhood deaths.
  • District level data in India reveal that high levels of stunting are noticed majorly in the central and northern India while southern India isn’t grappling so much with the same problem (less than 20% in almost the entire south).
  • This points out that political commitment and administrative efficiency plays an important role in safeguarding children’s health. Food and freedom go together, and one reinforces the availability of another. The Government needs to acknowledge this and commit themselves to formulate improved policies with respect to nutrition. The government already has the National Nutrition Strategy committed to ensuring that every child, adolescent girl, and woman attain optimal nutritional status. If it hasn’t worked well (as shows the report), it is high time that the government looks into its revamping and intervenes.
  • Social spending was kept at 6.6% of the GDP as per the Economic Survey 2017-18. The latest report should convince the government that the union and the states must work in close harmony to give India a healthy and a happy future ahead and make it realise that this figure needs to be reviewed.

For reference

Global Nutrition Report 2018 and IndiaSource: 

 Note: The Hindi translation for the same will be uploaded by tomorrow. 

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