Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change Government Schemes

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is the nodal agency of the administrative structure under the Government of India which is tasked with the planning, promotion, co-ordination, and regulation of the implementation of the environmental and forestry policies and programs in the nation. While their task, the Ministry is guided by the principle of sustainable development and also the improvement of human well-being.

This article will provide you with a detailed summary of all the important Government schemes launched by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) which is beneficial for upcoming exams.

Government Schemes: Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change


 Objective  Few Points to Remember

National Green Corps ‘Ecoclub’

Develop the requisite skills of observation, research, survey, documenting, study, and reasoning for environmental conservation through a variety of activities.

To impart knowledge to school children, through hands-on-expertise

  • The scheme is being introduced through eco-clubs of 50-60 students with interest in environmental issues, established in member schools.
  • The Eco Clubs shall be supervised by the Teacher In-Charge, who shall be selected from among the teachers of the member school.
  • The scheme provides for district implementation and monitoring committee to monitor the implementation of the scheme at the district level
  • There is a State Steering Committee for advice and oversight of the application of the scheme.
  • Similarly, there is a national steering committee that will give overall direction to the program and ensure linkages at all level.


To pursue a sustainable development course that meets economic and environmental goals at the same time.

Missions protected by it:

  • National Solar Mission (MNRE)
  • National Improved Energy Efficiency Project (under the Ministry of Power)
  • Global Sustainable Environment Plan (under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs)
  • Global Water Project (MWR)
  • National Mission Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem (MoS&T)
  • National Mission for Green India (MoEFCC)
  • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (Minister of Agriculture)
  • National Commission on Strategic Awareness for Climate Change (MoS&T

It is a framework paper published by the Council of Prime Ministers on Climate Change.

Government of India is also currently implementing a dedicated National Adaptation Fund(NAF) to implement adaptation actions in vulnerable sectors

Swachh – Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan

To keep beaches safe and make people aware of the value of coastal habitats – in Beaches across ten states / UTs.

  • The campaign will be organized on the beaches after consultation with the state governments.
  • The Environment Education Division and the Society for Integrated Coastal Management (SICOM) will be responsible for its implementation under the Ministry of Environment.
  • The best three beaches will be suitably awarded a certificate of appreciation

Climate Resilience Building Among the Farmers Through Crop Residue Management

The aim is to the impacts of climate change and improves adaptation potential, as well as to offset the adverse environmental impacts induced by the burning of stubble.

  • The project will be introduced in a staggered approach.
  • Awareness-raising and capacity-building activities will be conducted to enable farmers to follow sustainable practices that would also help diversify livelihood options and enhance productivity.


The aim is to protect locally and globally important biodiversity, land and forest resources in the high Himalayan ecosystem are spread across four states of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Sikkim.

  • The project is six years long and is intended for different landscapes, including Changthang (Jammu and Kasmir), Lahaul-Pangi and Kinnaur (Himachal Pradesh), Gangotri-Govind and Darma-Byans Valley in Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand) and Kanchenjunga-Upper Teesta Valley (Sikkim).
  • The project includes the protection of snow leopards and other endangered species and their habitats, as well as the protection of their livelihoods.


Skilling young Indians, in particular dropouts and increasing the supply of qualified employees.

  • The Environmental and Forest Skills Development Initiative is designed to allow India’s youth to gain employment and/or self-employment.
  • Both courses must comply with the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF).
  • The vast network and resources of the Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Hubs / Resource Partners (RPs) are used.


Fast implementation of mitigation measures to avoid, monitor and reduce air pollution

  • It is a pollution reduction plan to lower the concentration of particulate matter (PM10 & PM2.5) by 20-30% by 2024.
  • 2017 will be used as the base year for comparison, and 2019 will be the first year.
  • It is to be introduced in 102 non-entertainment cities. These cities are selected based on Ambient Air Quality India (2011-2015) and WHO study 2014/2018
  • CPCB will execute the project

Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats

 The scheme provides financial and technical support to the Government of the State / UT for wildlife conservation activities.

  • Support for Protected Areas (National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Nature Reserves, and Community Reserves)
  • The scheme includes preservation of Wildlife Outside Protected Areas or rehabilitation projects for the nature of critically endangered species and habitats.

PARIVESH (Pro Active and Responsive facilitation by Interactive, Virtuous and Environmental Single window Hub)

The scheme aims to monitor compliance records, including geo-tagged site photos by regulatory authorities.

  • It is a web-based, role-based workflow framework that has been built for online submission and monitoring of proposals submitted by proponents of Environmental, Land, Wildlife and Coastal Protection Zone Clearances from federal, state and district level authorities.
  • The system has been designed, developed and hosted by the MoEFC, with technical support from National Informatics Centre, (NIC)
  • It also provides access to the previous Environment Impact Assessment Reports.

Himalayan Research Fellowships Scheme

to create a young pool of trained environmental managers, ecologists & socioeconomists.

  • The scheme is executed through various institutions and universities working in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR).
  • Financial support is provided under the National Mission on Himalayan
    Studies (NMHS).
  • Fellowships for a maximum period of 3 years is being provided.


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