Bihar Economic Survey 2019: Download PDF in Hindi & English

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

Bihar Economic Survey 2019 Highlights PDF! All statistics for multiple sectors in the Bihar economy for the past year are included in it. The survey demonstrates the highlights of different state government projects, programs and policies. It is important for all government exams of Bihar. In this article, we are sharing you with “Bihar Economic Survey 2019 Highlights PDF in Hindi & English.”

Bihar Economic Survey 2019


  • The economy of Bihar is presently on a continuous growth path, a result of sound development strategies of the state government, particularly the high levels of its development expenditure.
  • According to the data on Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP), the growth rate of Bihar’s economy in 2017-18 was 11.3 percent which is 9.9 percent in 2016-17 whereas the growth rate of the national economy has been about 7 percent during 2016 to 2018.
    (Gross State Domestic Product – is defined as a measure, in monetary terms, of the volume of all goods and services produced within the boundaries of the State during a given period of time, accounted without duplication.)
  • The GSDP of Bihar in 2017-18 was Rs. 4,87,628 crore at current prices. At constant (2011-12) prices, the figure stood at Rs. 3,61,504 crore.
  • The resulting Per Capita GSDP in 2017-18 is — Rs. 42,242 (current prices) and Rs. 31,316 (constant prices).
  • In 2016-17, the highest growth rate was recorded by the tertiary sector (12.8 percent), followed by the primary sector (9.8 percent) and secondary sector (4.2 percent).
  • Among the subsectors, air transport is seen to have grown at a very high rate of 35.2 percent.
  • Patna, Munger and Begusarai are three most prosperous districts in Bihar as per Capita Income for the districts in Bihar relate to 2011-12 and Madhepura, Supaul, Sheohar are three most economically disadvantaged districts.


  • Bihar has consistently been a revenue surplus state which is highest in 2017-18 as compared to 2013-14.
  • The Gross Fiscal Deficit was 9 percent of GSDP in 2017-18, keeping it within the FRBMA (Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act) limit of 3 percent of GSDP.
  • The total revenue of the state government implying an increase of 70.4 percent over a period of 4 years.
  • About 72 percent of the total expenditure was of developmental nature and 28 percent non-developmental in 2017-18.
  • Out of the total capital outlay of Rs 28,907 crore in 2017-18, the spend on economics services is the transport infrastructure of roads and bridges (19 percent), Rs 6931 crore on power projects (24percent), Rs. 2665 crore on irrigation and flood control (9 percent) and the rest on other sectors.
  • The capital outlay on social services was spent on improving health infrastructure (13 percent), Rs. 1763 crore on improving the water supply and sanitation (41 percent), and Rs 1519 crore on improving educational infrastructure (36 percent) in the state.
  • The expenditure on social and economic services has been growing annually at high rates exceeding 15 percent.


  • Bihar has an area of 93.6 lakh hectares, accounting for nearly 3 percent of the country’s total geographical area. Primarily, the climate is subtropical located in the eastern part of India,
  • During 2018, the annual rainfall received due to the south-west monsoons in Bihar is less than 20 percent.
  • The land use pattern has remained nearly unchanged over the last few years but the cropping intensity in the state has increased marginally from in the last 5 year.
  • About 56.55 percent of the land was under cultivation in Bihar during 2016-17.
  • The establishment of the organic corridor is part of the Agricultural Road Map III envisaged to cover around 25,000 acres during the period 2017-22.
  • For the promotion of organic farming, farmers have been identified in villages along river Ganges in the districts of Patna, Nalanda, Bhagalpur, Vaishali, Samastipur, Begusarai, Lakhisarai, Khagaria and Munger.
  • Bihar’s milk production increased to 92.41 lakh tonnes in 2017-18 which is 71.91 lakh tones in 2013-14.
  • The major source of milk production in the state are cows which accounted for nearly 58.6 percent of the total milk production, followed by buffaloes (39.2 percent) and goat (2.2 percent).
  • Fisheries is registering a growth rate of 7.0 percent in 2017-18.


  • The contribution of the industrial sector in Gross State Value Added was around 20 percent in the last 3 years.
  • The growth in agro-based industries in Bihar (19.2 percent) was almost five times the growth rate achieved across all states of India (3.6 percent).
  • In Bihar, 11 sugar mills are presently in operation, of which 9 are part of the private sector and two of the public sector.
  • On average, sugar mills were in operation for 125 days a year, entailing better utilisation of installed capacity.
  • Under Bihar State Milk Co-Operative Federation Ltd. 9 dairy cooperative societies are presently functioning.
  • Under the Mukhyamantri Kosi Mulberry Scheme, 7 districts in the Kosi region were selected for promotion of mulberry production.
  • To increase the production of mulberry in Saharsa, Supaul, Madhepura, Araria, Kishanganj, Katihar and Purnea, the state government provided pumpset with these farmers.


  • The National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015 supersedes the earlier policy of 2009.
  • The primary objective of this new policy is to meet the challenge of skilling at a scale which includes — speed, standard and sustainability. It aims to provide an umbrella framework to all skilling activities being carried out within the country, to align them to common standards, and finally, link skilling with demand patterns.
  • The Kushal Yuva Program is part of one of the ‘Saat Nishchay’ (Seven Resolves) of the state government — ‘Aarthik Hal, Yuvaon ko Bal’which is targeted at all aspirants in the age group of 15-28 years, with age limit relaxed for SC/ST (33 years), OBC (31 years), Persons with disability (33 years).


  • Between 2004-05 and 2016-17, Bihar was at the sixth position in terms of additional construction of National Highway and State highway, and at fifth position in the context of other roads.
  • Bihar was at the third position, after Kerala and West Bengal, in terms of road length per hundred sq. km of geographical area.
  • As, On September 2018, the total length of NH was 4917 km. State Highway was 4006 km, MDR was 12,356.85 km. and the rural road was 1,29,473 kms. in Bihar.
  • In the case of rural teledensity, Bihar is at the second-lowest position among major states of India, with 44 connections per 100 people. However, Bihar appears at the second position from top in terms of urban teledensity, after Kerala.


  • The energy sector is implying growth of around 165 percent in 6 years.
  • The per capita consumption in the state has risen from which is implying growth of more than 100 percent in 6 years.
  • The state government has targeted to achieve the ‘Har Ghar Bijli’ resolve by December 2018.
  • The total generation capacity of power as of March 2018 for the state was 3889 MW.
  • Out of this, 81.9 percent is from coal-based thermal power, 12.3 percent from hydropower, and the balance 5.8 percent from renewable energy sources.
  • A total of 13 minor hydel projects are currently operational in the state, with a total installed capacity of 54.3 MW.


  • The Multi-dimensional Poverty Index stands at 0.246 and the proportion of the poor population in Bihar is 52.2. Of them, 22.1 percent come under severely poor population.
  • Three districts with the highest MPI are — Araria (0.346), Madhepura (0.337) and Kishanganj (0.325). All these districts are in north Bihar.
  • At the other end, three districts with the least MPI are — Patna (0.125), Bhojpur (0.171) and Siwan (0.172). Apart from Siwan, the other two districts are in south Bihar.
  • The target of providing access to the toilet to 1.15 crore households has already been achieved.
  • Presently, 3954 Gram Panchayats, 21,237 Villages, 151 Blocks and 5 Districts (Sitamarhi, Sheikhpura, Rohtas, Munger and Begusarai) has been declared as Open defecation free.
  • The Department of Forest and Climate Change spent 74 percent of its total budget on climate change and 24 percent on climate risks vulnerability.


  • The state accounts for 8.6 percent of India’s total population, but it has only 3.1 percent of the country’s total urban population. Apart from recording a low ‘level’ of urbanisation, Bihar has also recorded a low ‘pace’ of urbanisation.
  • Under the SMART City Mission scheme, four cities of Bihar (Patna, Bhagalpur, Biharsharif and Muzaffarpur) have been selected.
  • Under the Swachh Bharat Mission, one of the flagship projects launched by the central government in 2014, Bihar has set a target for the construction of 5.48 lakh toilets in the urban areas.


  • The share of Non-Performing Assets in the total outstanding loans in Bihar was only 4.5 percent in 2016-17, a significant improvement over 10.3 percent in 2015-16.
  • The NPA as a percentage of total outstanding loan indeed decreased from 13.1 percent in 2016-17 to 7.6 percent in 2017-18, indicating improvements in the repayment behaviour.


  • The Per Capita Development Expenditure of Bihar has grown at an annual rate of 15.8 percent, compared to 13.7 percent for all-India, between 2011-12 and 2017-18.
  • The expenditure on education in Bihar increased from Rs. 10,214 crore to Rs. 26,394 crore during the same period, registering an annual increase of 4 percent, higher than the all-India average of 12.5 percent.
  • The literacy rate of Bihar has improved significantly in the last decade, from 47.0 percent in 2001 to 61.8 percent in 2011.
  • During 2012-13 to 2016-17, total enrolment in elementary classes has increased at an annual rate of 2.3 percent, from 2012-13 to 2016-17.
  • Overall, the gender gap in elementary education is decreasing gradually, as the growth rate of enrolment of girls was 2.3 percent during 2012-13 to 2016-17, compared to 2.2 percent for boys.
  • Presently, 24 universities are in existence in Bihar, of which 22 are traditional universities, one is an open university and another one a state private university.
  • Under the Solar Urja through Localization for Sustainability (SOULS) initiative, a flagship programme of IIT Bombay, solar study lamps were distributed by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) and Jeevika.
  • This initiative is based on the ‘Power to All’ programme.


  • India is the second-most populous country in the world, where 39 percent of its population lies in the age bracket of 0-18 years as per Census 2011.
  • As for Bihar, 48 percent of the population lies in the age group of 0-18 years.
  • The state accounts for 11 percent of India’s total child population.
  • Literacy rate in Bihar has been growing consistently over the years and stands at 61.8 percent as per 2011 census.
  • However, the female literacy rate (51.5 percent) is still much lower, compared to male literacy rate (71.2 percent) in Bihar.
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