Quick Revision: Most Important Question on PROTEINS!

By Renuka Miglani|Updated : September 3rd, 2021

Hello Gradians,

We hope you all are safe and healthy!

Are you looking for some short and reliable notes during your CSIR-NET preparations? Then, you have come to a perfect place!

While preparing for exams, revision is the key to success. Today, it is very easy to find the study material for the exam preparation online, but finding the best and authentic study material is very difficult. We at Gradeup have always helped students with different phases of their preparation journey by providing time to time free series, free quizzes, etc. This time, we have come up with 'Important Questions on Proteins' for 'Life Sciences' to help you score good marks. So for the aspirants preparing for the CSIR NET Exam, these questions can be fruitful in the last-minute revision. These questions will help students to fetch more marks in the exams.

Our experienced subject-matter experts have meticulously designed this set of Important Questions on Proteins to give you the most standard set of study materials to be focused upon. After finishing every topic or component of the syllabus, it is recommended to solve questions either asked in the previous year papers or given in a mock. This article, including only questions, is aimed to make you understand and attempt a particular syllabus domain effectively. Read the full article and download the PDF.

Hello Gradians,

We hope you all are safe and healthy!

Are you looking for some short and reliable notes during your CSIR-NET preparations? Then, you have come to a perfect place!

While preparing for exams, revision is the key to success. Today, it is very easy to find the study material for the exam preparation online, but finding the best and authentic study material is very difficult. We at Gradeup have always helped students with different phases of their preparation journey by providing time to time free series, free quizzes, etc. This time, we have come up with 'Important Questions on Proteins' for 'Life Sciences' to help you score good marks. So for the aspirants preparing for the CSIR NET Exam, these questions can be fruitful in the last-minute revision. These questions will help students to fetch more marks in the exams.

Our experienced subject-matter experts have meticulously designed this set of Important Questions on Proteins to give you the most standard set of study materials to be focused upon. After finishing every topic or component of the syllabus, it is recommended to solve questions either asked in the previous year papers or given in a mock. This article, including only questions, is aimed to make you understand and attempt a particular syllabus domain effectively. Read the full article and download the PDF.

Important Questions on Proteins

Q1. Match the COLUMN A with COLUMN B-

         COLUMN A  (Protein type)

     COLUMN B (Prosthetic group)

a. Chromoprotein

i. Carbohydrate

b. Metalloprotein

ii. Coloured molecule

c. Mucoprotein

iii. Metallic compound

  1. a-ii, b-iii, c- i
  2. a-i, b-iii, c- ii
  3. C. a-iii, b-ii, c- i
  4. a-ii, b-i, c- iii

Q2. The isoelectric point of a protein is defined as-

  1. The pH at which all groups are charges
  2. The pH at which net charge on protein is zero
  3. The pH at which all groups are uncharged
  4. The pH at which acidic group is protonated and basic group is unprotonated

Q3. Match the COLUMN A with COLUMN B -

         COLUMN A (Protein type)

           COLUMN B (Examples)

a. catalytic protein

i. collagen and elastin

b. regulatory protein

ii. enzymes

c. structural protein

iii. complement protein

d. defense protein

iv. hormones

  1. a-ii, b-iv, c-i, d-iii
  2. a-i, b-iii, c- ii, d-iv
  3. C. a-iii, b-ii, c-i, d-iv
  4. D. a-ii, b-i, c- iii, d-iv

Q4. If the average molecular mass of one amino acid is 128 then what will be the molecular weight of a polypeptide chain having 20 amino acid?

  1. 938
  2. 1100
  3. 876
  4. 744

Q5. A bond generally absent in cytosolic proteins but present in extracellular proteins is known as -

  1. Hydrogen bond
  2. Hydrophillic bond
  3. Ionic bond
  4. Disulphide bond

Q6. Membranes have transmembrane protein which passes through the membrane. The transmembrane domain of these proteins is present in which predominant form?

  1. Alpha-helix
  2. Beta-sheet
  3. Linear sheets
  4. None

Q7. A polypeptide chain is fused with yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) which has molecular mass 17 kDa. The length of protein A is 100 amino acids. What will be molecular mass of fusion protein in daltons?

  1. 13700
  2. 11000
  3. 12500
  4. 13300

Q8. If one isoleucine molecule has a weight of 124 daltons, then what will be the molecular mass in daltons of a peptide chain consisting of 24 arginine residues.

  1. 2544
  2. 1943
  3. 3356
  4. 7243

Q9. Given below are some amino acid sequences of peptide chain. Which of the following will be easily detected by absorbance at 280 nm?

P. Tyr - Le - Ala - Met - Glu

Q. Leu - Val - Trp - Thr - Ile - Ser

S. Glu - Ala - Asp - Gin - Lys - Asp - Ser

R. Val - Tyr - Trp - Thr - Ile

  1. P and S
  2. P, Q and S
  3. Q and S
  4. Q and R

Q10. The predominant ionic form of amino acids in a solution primarily depends on the pH value. What will be the value of isoelectric point of a polypeptide chain if the Pk1 = 3.1, Pk2 = 2.25 and Pk3 = 7.67?

  1. 2.67
  2. 2.98
  3. 1.67
  4. 4.66

Solutions

Solution 1

         COLUMN A  (Protein type)

           COLUMN B (Prosthetic group)

a. chromoprotein

ii.coloured molecule

b. metalloprotein

iii. metallic compound

c. mucoprotein

i. carbohydrate

Solution 2

The pH at which protein has no net charge is termed as its isoelectric point. At isoelectric point, amino acids are generally electrophoretically non-mobile and least soluble.

 It is calculated by taking average of pK1 and Pk2 values of amino acids i.e.

Isoelectric point = pK1 + Pk2 /2

Solution 3

         COLUMN A (Protein type)

           COLUMN B (Examples)

a. catalytic protein

ii. enzymes

b. regulatory protein

iv. hormones

c. structural protein

i. collagen and elastin

d. defense protein

iii. complement protein

 

Solution 4

The molecular weight of polypeptide chain is calculated by using given below formula-

Molecular mass of oligopeptide (M) = n x (128- 18) (molecular weight of 1 amino acid)

18 is subtracted from 128 because water molecule is removed with formation of every peptide bond. 

where n = number of amino acids

Hence, M = 20 x (128-18)

                = 20x 110

                = 2200

Solution 5

A bond generally absent in cytosolic proteins but present in extracellular proteins is known as disulphide bond. It is absent in cytosol because it has generally reducing environment whereas the extracellular milieu has an oxidising environment. This bond is formed by oxidation of thiol group and requires an oxidising environment. Hence, D is the correct option.

Solution 6

Transmembrane proteins are generally extended on both sides of the membrane and they are predominantly present in alpha helices or clusters of helices also known as the helical bundle. Whereas, few proteins are also present as beta-barrel which of beta-sheets that rolls up into a tube like shape. Hence, A is the correct option.

Solution 7

The molecular mass of protein A (in daltons) is calculated by multiplying number of residues with mass of 1 amino acid which comes out to be = 100 x 110

                                                                                                    = 1100 Da

The molecular mass of protein A (in daltons) fused with YFP = 11000 Da + 17000 Da

                                                                                                         = 18100 Da

Hence, A is the correct option.

Solution 8

In this, during the formation of peptide chain having 24 arginine residues, 24 peptide bonds will be formed through the release of 38 water molecules.

 Thus, molecular mass of peptide chain will be = (24 x 124) – (24 x 18)

                                                                                      = 2544 Da

Hence, A is the correct option.

Solution 9

The amino acid sequence which contains aromatic amino acids which includes tryptophan, phenylalanine and tyrosine can be easily detected by absorbance at wavelength 280 nm. Absorbance at wavelength- 280 nm is usually used for detection and quantification of purified proteins. The absorbance of polypeptide chain depends on the number and positions of its aromatic amino acid residues. Hence, B is correct option.

Solution 10

The pH at which a molecule has no net charge is known as the isoelectric point.

 It is calculated by using formula = pK1 + Pk2/2

Given in question, Pk1 = 3.1 and pK2 is 2.25

Hence, by applying the formula it is calculated by taking averages of 3.1 and 2.25 (pka1 and pka2) which comes out to be 2.675.

Thus, A is the correct option.

Answer Keys

  1. A
  2. B
  3. A
  4. B
  5. D
  6. A
  7. A
  8. A
  9. B
  10. A

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Posted by:

Renuka MiglaniRenuka MiglaniMember since Jan 2021
This article was curated by Renuka Miglani who is an Associate Manager at BYJU'S Exam Prep (CSIR-NET). A PostGrad with an educational background in Nutrition Science, she is an ardent reader & writer. Loves to impart knowledge to students. Being from a Nutrition Science background, she is well aware of the opportunities available and has hared the same in the above article. Stay tuned for more interesting articles from her which will be beneficial for your career.
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