Project Management MCQ

By Aina Parasher|Updated : July 21st, 2022

Project management MCQ are provided here for candidates who are actively preparing for the GATE Civil Engineering exam 2023 and other Civil Engineering competitive exams. Project management MCQ can provide a quick overview of the types of questions to be expected in the various civil engineering exams.

Subjects will be better understood by using objective-based MCQ questions and answers. 5 specially picked project management MCQ questions are mentioned here based on the recent pattern in Civil Engineering competitive exams. Attempt and get a detailed answer to each question mentioned in this article.

Table of Content

Project Management MCQ 1

Crashing is

  1. Abandoning the project
  2. Completing the project with all possible haste
  3. Reduction of duration for a few of the activities
  4. Reducing the cost of the project with all needful modifications

Answer: C. Reduction of duration for a few of the activities

Solution

Crashing: Crashing can be defined as the method of optimizing the cost of the project for an optimum duration of the project. Optimum cost of the project is the minimum cost of the project for the same duration of the project.

Crashing of an activity is done based on their cost slope.

Cost slope=crashed cost - Normal costNormal duration - crashed duration. With the help of crashing, the cost of the total project is reduced but the duration of the project remains same.

Project Management MCQ 2

CPM method of network analysis is:

  1. Ideally suited for linearly extending works
  2. Meant essentially for research and development activities
  3. Activity oriented
  4. Used for planning, scheduling and controlling the project purposes

 

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 4 only

Answer: B. 3 and 4 only

Solution

Critical Path method (CPM) is a method used in project management. CPM is based on the activity oriented method. CPM is used for planning, scheduling and controlling the project activities.

PERT is also used in project management for the  planning, scheduling and controlling the project activities but PERT is useful for research based activities and it is event oriented.

Difference between CPM and PERT technique:

CPM

PERT

It is activity oriented

It is event oriented

It is used in non research projects

It is used in research based project

It controls time and cost

It controls only the time

It uses deterministic approach to calculate duration of the project

It uses probabilistic approach to calculate duration of the project

It uses one time estimate of time

It uses three time estimate of time

Project Management MCQ 3

The best tool to ensure that there is neither piling up of stocks nor shortage of materials in a project to run it economically is

  1. Economic order quantity
  2. ABC analysis
  3. Inventory control and management
  4. Gantt chart method

Answer: A. Inventory control and management

Solution

Economic Order Quantity (EOQ): EOQ is a mathematical tool that companies use to manage inventory and minimize the holding cost. EOQ represents their ideal size of holding the inventory without much investment on inventory.

ABC analysis: ABC analysis is a technique of inventory management which represents the inventory items based on their importance. In ABC analysis ranking of items is done based on their demand, cost and risk to holding it.

Inventory control and management:  With the help of Inventory control process controlling of inventory cost is minimized. Inventory control and management is used to manage inventory for the holding of it such that neither any extra nor any shortage of inventory will occur. Inventory control and management is the task of daily work management of inventory.

Gantt chart method: Gantt chart is a project management tool. With the help of Gantt chart project planning is carried out.

Project Management MCQ 4

What is optimizing strategy

  1. Strategy of choosing the best possible solution considering all parameters
  2. Strategy of choosing a compromise solution 
  3. Strategy of choosing the least count solution 
  4. Strategy of choosing a solution on the basis of precedents

Answer: A. Strategy of choosing the best possible solution considering all parameters

Solution

Optimizing strategy is the process to optimize the business strategies which improves the efficiency and reduces the total cost. Optimization can be done by using efficient resources.

Optimization strategy can be used to find and optimize the new parameters for the maximization of the similar values

Optimization strategy is the strategy of choosing the best possible solution considering all parameters

Project management MCQ 5

Pick up the correct statement from the following

  1. The float may be positive, zero or negative.
  2. If the float is positive and the activity is delayed by a period equal to its total float, the completion of project is not delayed.
  3. If the float of an activity is negative, delay in its performance is bound to delay the completion of project.
  4. If the float of an activity is zero, the activity is critical and any delay in its performance will delay the whole project.
  5. All the above.

Answer: E. All the above

Solution

Float: Float is the maximum available time by which an activity can be delayed without affecting the project completion time. Float is associated to an activity. Float can be zero, positive or negative

  • Positive float represents that activity has enough time to complete, it means activity can be delayed by that much of float. Such an activity is called subcritical activity.
  • Negative float represents that activity has less time to complete, and it requires more time to complete.It means that activity can not be delayed otherwise total project duration will be delayed. Such a type of activity requires more resources to complete on time. Such an activity is called super critical activity.
  • Zero float of an activity represents the critical activity. If any delay will occur in such type activity it will reflect the delay of the whole project. Critical activities have just enough resources to complete the activity without delaying the project.

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