UPSC Chairman & Members: Organizational Structure
Union Public Service Commission is India's premier central recruiting body, which through the UPSC Exam, conducts the recruitment and examinations for All India services (Group A & Group B), such as the IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, IFoS, etc.
The UPSC's charter is granted by Part XIV of the Constitution of India, titled Services Under the Union and the States.
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UPSC's organizational structure consists of 9 to 11 members, including the chairman. The terms and conditions of service of the chairman and members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969.
- The chairman and any other member of the Commission can submit his resignation at any time to the President of India.
- He may be removed from his office by the President of India on the ground of misbehavior (only if an inquiry of such misbehavior is made and upheld by the Supreme Court) or if he is adjudged insolvent or engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office or in the opinion of the President unfit to continue in office because of the infirmity of mind or body.
The Commission is serviced by a Secretariat headed by a Secretary with four Additional Secretaries, several Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries, and other supporting staff.
UPSC Chairman List 2022
The list of UPSC Chairman consists of 33 people who served as the Chairman of UPSC. Ross Barker was the first UPSC Chairman in October 1926. Dr Manoj Soni is the current Chairman of UPSC.
A list of UPSC Chairmen from 1926 to date is given below:
UPSC Chairman List
Sir Ross Barker
October 1926 - August 1932
Sir David Petrie
August 1932 - 1936
Sir Eyre Gorden
1937 - 1942
Sir F. W. Robertson
1942 - 1947
H. K. Kripalani
April 1, 1947 - January 13, 1949
R. N. Banerjee
January 14, 1949 - May 9, 1955
May 10, 1955 - December 9, 1955
V. S. Hejmadi
December 10, 1955 - December 9, 1961
B. N. Jha
December 11, 1961 - February 22, 1967
K. R. Damle
April 18, 1967 - March 2, 1971
Ranadhir Chandra Sarma Sarkar
May 11, 1971 - February 1, 1973
Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai
February 5, 1973 - February 4, 1979
M. L. Shahare
February 16, 1979 - February 16, 1985
H. K. L. Capoor
February 18, 1985 - March 5, 1990
J. P. Gupta
March 5, 1990 - June 2, 1992
R. M. Bathew
September 23, 1992 - August 23, 1996
S. J. S. Chhatwal
August 23, 1996 - September 30, 1996
J. M. Qureshi
September 30, 1996 - December 11, 1998
December 11, 1998 - June 25, 2002
Purna Chandra Hota
June 25, 2002 - September 2003
September 2003 - January 2005
S. R. Hashim
January 4, 2005 - April 1, 2006
April 1, 2006 - June 30, 2007
June 30, 2007 - August 16, 2008
D. P. Agrawal
August 16, 2008 - August 2014
August 16, 2014 - November 21, 2014
November 22, 2014 - September 20, 2016
September 21, 2016 - January 3, 2017
David R. Syiemlieh
January 4, 2017 - January 21, 2018
January 22, 2018 - June 19, 2018
June 20, 2018 - August 24th, 2020
Pradeep Kumar Joshi
August 25th, 2020 - April 4th 2022
Dr Manoj Soni
April 05, 2022- till date
Present UPSC Chairman: Dr.Manoj Soni
Dr. Manoj Soni is the current Chairman of UPSC, who took the oath of office in April 2022. Before this, Dr. Soni had served three terms as Vice-Chancellor, including two consecutive terms as Vice-Chancellor of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University (BAOU) and one as Vice-Chancellor of The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (The MSU of Baroda). When he joined the MSU of Baroda, Dr. Soni was the youngest ever Vice-Chancellor in India and the MSU.
- Dr. Manoj Soni is a scholar of Political Science with a specialization in International Relations Studies. Dr. Soni's doctoral research is on the “Post-Cold War International Systemic Transition and Indo-U.S. Relations”. This is one of the earliest and one-of-its-kind studies from 1992 and 1995.
- Dr. Soni has earned several awards and recognitions.
- Dr. Soni has, in the past, served on the Boards of Governors of several institutions of higher education and public administration.
- He was also a member of a quasi-judicial body constituted by an Act of the Gujarat Legislature, which regulates the fee structure of the un-aided professional intuitions in Gujarat.
As per the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969, the following overview regarding the UPSC Members can be concluded:
UPSC members number
The UPSC consists of 10 members, with the Chairman as the head
UPSC members tenure
UPSC member holds office for a term of six years or until he/she attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier.
UPSC members' salary
Rs 2,25,000 per month.
UPSC members eligibility
Members of the commission are civil servants with at least 10 years of experience in Central or State service.
UPSC members removal
The Chairman or any other member of a Public Service Commission shall only be removed from his office by order of the President on the ground of misbehavior after the Supreme Court, on a reference being made to it by the President, has, on inquiry held following the procedure prescribed in that behalf under Article 145.
UPSC Members [2017 - 2027]
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has ten members and a chairman. The terms and conditions of service of the chairman and members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969. Each member holds office for a term of 6 years or until he attains the age of 65 years.
Date from which holding the Post
Date of Retirement
Ms. Smita Nagaraj
Ms. M. Sathiyavathy
Sh. Bharat Bhushan Vyas
Dr. T. C. A. Anant
Sh. Rajiv Nayan Choubey
Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla (Retd.)
Functions of UPSC
Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission is, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts. The UPSC is a constitutional body. It is a central agency authorized to conduct various examinations in India.
The Commission's functions under Article 320 of the Constitution are:
- Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.
- Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
- Appointment of officers on promotion/deputation/absorption.
- Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
- Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.
- Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.
How is UPSC Chairman Selected?
The Chairman and other members of a Public Service Commission shall be appointed, in the case of the Union Commission or a Joint Commission, by the President, and in the case of a State Commission, by the Governor of the State:
- Provided that as nearly as may be one-half of the members of every Public Service Commission shall be persons who, at the dates of their respective appointments, have held office for at least ten years either under the Government of India or under the Government of a State. In computing, the said period of ten years, any period before the commencement of this Constitution during which a person has held office under the Crown in India or under the Government of an Indian State, shall be included.
- If the office of the Chairman of the Commission becomes vacant or if any such Chairman is because of absent or for any other reason unable to perform the duties of his office, those duties shall, until some person appointed under clause (1) to the vacant office has entered on the duties thereof or, as the case may be until the Chairman has resumed his duties, be performed by such one of the other members of the Commission as the President, in the case of the Union Commission or a Joint Commission. In the case of a State Commission, the State Governor may appoint for the purpose.
- A member of a Public Service Commission shall hold office for a term of six years from the date on which he enters upon his office or until he attains, in the case of the Union Commission, the age of sixty-five years, and in the case of a State Commission or a Joint Commission, the age of sixty-two years, whichever is earlier:
- a member of a Public Service Commission may, by writing under his hand addressed, in the case of the Union Commission or a Joint Commission, to the President, and in the case of a State Commission, to the Governor of the State, resign his office
- a member of a Public Service Commission may be removed from his office in the manner provided in clause (1) or clause (3) of Article 317.
- A person who holds office as a member of a Public Service Commission shall, on the expiration of his term of office, be ineligible for reappointment to that office.
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