What is the Role of Hcl Acid in Our Stomach?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

HCl released in stomach reduces the pH range of stomach from 1.5 to 3 which is required to prevent the digestion of microbes and prevent diseases caused by it.

HCl in the stomach:

  • Hydrochloric acid is referred to as HCl.
  • Different gastric fluids are released by the stomach glands during digestion.
  • Gastric glands also release hydrochloric acid in addition to these gastric fluids.
  • Hydrochloric acid is secreted during digestion as a result of parietal cells being activated.

Role of HCl in Stomach

  • The pH of the stomach tends to drop between 1.5 and 3 due to the release of hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
  • To prevent microbial infections, this acidic environment is necessary for microbial digestion.
  • Since the environment is acidic, many bacteria perish.
  • Additionally, it aids in food particle digestion.
  • To activate pepsin is one of its crucial roles.
  • A gastric liquid called pepsin breaks down proteins in the stomach.
  • The stomach’s hydrochloric acid is also necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12.
  • Additionally, RBCs and nervous tissues require vitamin B12 in order to operate and be maintained.


What is the Role of Hcl Acid in Our Stomach?

The pH range of the stomach decreases from 1.5 to 3, which is necessary to halt the digestion of bacteria and avoid diseases brought on by them.

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