SSB Full Form – What is Service Selection Board?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 11th, 2023

SSB Full Form is Service Selection Board. The Indian Air Force, Indian Army, and Indian Navy are the three branches of the armed forces. Recruitment officers in the Indian Armed Forces conduct a five-day consecutive selection procedure known as the Service Selection Board.

An SSB board comprises assessors who are members of the Indian Armed Forces with the specialisations of Interviewing Officers, Group Task Officers (GTO), and Psychologists. Please refer to the details below to learn more about the SSB full form.

SSB Full Form

SSB Full Form is Service Selection Board. The main organisation that evaluates candidates for positions as officials in the Indian Armed Forces is the Service Selection Board. The Board examines the rationality of becoming an official using the conventional framework for assessment, which includes meetings, character assessments, and insight assessments.

Recruitment officers conduct a five-day continuous selection procedure defined as the Service Selection Board. A screening exam is given on Day 1, mental tests are given on Day 2, a bunch of projects are done on Days 3 and 4, and the results are arranged in Conference on Day 5. To know more about SSB full form, keep reading.

SSB Full Form Overview

Besides SSB full form, you would want to know more about the organization, the parallels in which it works, the frequency of recruitment in this organization, etc. In the table below, all the essential details about the SSB have been provided:

SSB Full Form Overview

Name of the Organization

SSB or Service Selection Board


Stage 1 – Basic Screening Test, PPDT

Stage 2 – Psychological Test, Group Testing Officers Test (GTO), Personal Interview

5 Days SSB Process

Day 1 – Screening Test

Day 2 – Psychology Tests

Day 3 and 4 – Group Testing Officer Tasks

Day 5 – Conference

What Does it Test?

Mansa (which means thoughts; Psychological tests are conducted for this)

Vacha (which means speech; Interviews conducted for this)

Karma (which means deeds or actions; Group testing is done for this)

SSB Full Form in Hindi

SSB full form in Hindi is सेवा चयन बोर्ड| मुख्य संगठन जो भारतीय सशस्त्र बलों में अधिकारियों के पदों के लिए उम्मीदवारों का मूल्यांकन करता है, सेवा चयन बोर्ड है। बोर्ड मूल्यांकन के लिए पारंपरिक ढांचे का उपयोग करते हुए अधिकारी बनने की तर्कसंगतता की जांच करता है, जिसमें बैठकें, चरित्र आकलन और अंतर्दृष्टि आकलन शामिल हैं। भर्ती अधिकारी सेवा चयन बोर्ड के रूप में परिभाषित पांच दिवसीय निरंतर चयन प्रक्रिया का संचालन करते हैं।

What is SSB Interview?

The SSB Interview is designed to assess candidates based on 15 key character traits known as Officer Like Qualities. This evaluation is carried out through a systematic process:

  • Mansa (thoughts): Psychological tests are conducted to assess this aspect.
  • Vacha (speech): Interviews are conducted to evaluate this quality.
  • Karma (deeds or actions): Group testing is performed to gauge this trait.

Day-wise SSB Interview Process

The SSB Interview Procedure spans over 5 days, subject to variation based on the SSB Board’s requirements and the type of entry candidates appear for. Here’s a detailed overview:

Day 0 (Reporting):

  • Aspirants are received at the station by an officer(s) and taken to the selection centre.
  • An ‘Opening Address’ provides them with information about their stay for the next 5 days.
  • Document Verification confirms the authenticity of their original documents.
  • In some boards, the Reporting day is considered Day 1 of SSB, and the testing begins on the same day.

Day 1 (Screening):

  • Officer Intelligence Rating Test (OIR Test – Paper 1 & Paper 2) is conducted.
  • Picture Perception & Discussion Test (PP&DT) is carried out in two parts: Picture Perception and Group Discussion.

Day 2 (Psychology Test):

  • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) involves writing stories based on 12 images.
  • Word Association Test (WAT) requires writing sentences associated with 60 given words.
  • Situation Reaction Test (SRT) assesses reactions to 60 real-life situations.
  • Self-Description Test (SDT) involves writing about self-description and desired qualities.

Day 3 (Group Testing – I):

  • Group Discussion on current events or social issues.
  • Group Planning Exercise (GPE) to identify and solve problems in a group.
  • Progressive Group Task (PGT) to overcome given obstacles.
  • Group Obstacle Race (GOR) where groups compete against each other.
  • Half Group Task (HGT) conducted with a smaller group over a single obstacle.

Day 4 (Group Testing – II):

  • Lecturette where candidates speak on a chosen topic for 3 minutes.
  • Individual Obstacles (IO) to clear 10 given obstacles in 3 minutes.
  • Command Task (CT) where candidates act as commanders and overcome obstacles.
  • Final Group Task (FGT) where the entire group completes an assigned task.
  • Personal Interview conducted on days 2, 3, and 4, covering various aspects of the candidate’s life.

Day 5 (Conference):

  • The board conducts a conference to discuss the suitability of each candidate.
  • Individual Aspirants appear before the board to hear their assessment.
  • Decisions and recommendations are made for each candidate.
  • Borderline Aspirants may be given additional situations for a collective decision.
  • After the result is announced, shortlisted Aspirants undergo further medical examinations.

The SSB Interview is renowned for its challenge, and without knowledge of the SSB procedure and interview tips, clearing it can be difficult. For aspirants seeking to ace this interview, comprehensive guidance is essential, and the Defence Online Classroom program can be helpful.

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