Numbers of Oxygen Molecules are Required During Glycolysis of one Glucose Molecule is:

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

A) Zero

B) One

C) Six

D) Four

Zero numbers of oxygen molecules are required during glycolysis of one glucose molecule. The Greek words glycol, which means “sugar,” and lysis, which means “splitting,” are where the word “glycolysis” comes from. The Otto Meyerhof, Gustav Embden, and J. Parnas glycolysis method is frequently referred to as the EMP route. There is only one respiration process in anaerobic species. All living things engage in glycolysis in the cell’s cytoplasm.

Process of Glycolysis of Glucose Molecule

Two molecules of pyruvic acid are the byproduct of the glycolysis of one glucose molecule. However, not every oxidative action needs the presence of molecules of oxygen. Instead of oxygen being added, oxidation happens when hydrogen is removed. One glucose molecule can be converted into one oxygen molecule with no additional oxygen molecules. Cytoplasmic glycolysis produces energy by splitting glucose into two molecules with three carbons apiece. The phosphorylating enzyme hexokinase aids the phosphorylation mechanism that traps glucose. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is used in this process, and the end product, glucose-6-P, inhibits hexokinase. Glycolysis is a ten-step process, with five processes occurring in the pay-off phase and five in the preparation phase. Phosphofructokinase is the enzyme that controls the rate. High-energy compounds like phosphoenolpyruvate phosphorylate and 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate

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