A Partial Differential Equation Requires

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

A partial differential equation is a type of differential equation used in mathematics that involves two or more independent variables. A differential equation with a particular ordinary case is what it is. A differential equation involving partial products of the dependent variable (one or more) and many independent variables is known as a partial differential equation or PDE. A PDE is an equation of the form for a function u(x1,……xn).

If f is a linear function of u and its derivatives, the PDE is said to be linear. The basic PDE is provided by;

∂u/∂x (x,y) = 0

The relationship mentioned above suggests that the function u(x,y), the simplified form of the partial differential equation formula mentioned before, is independent of x. The highest derivative term in the equation determines the order of the PDE.

Types of Partial Differential Equations

  • Linear Partial Differential Equation: Any PDE is referred to as a linear PDE if the dependent variable and its partial derivatives occur linearly. Otherwise, it is referred to as a nonlinear PDE.
  • Quasi-Linear Partial Differential Equation: When all of a PDE’s terms with the highest order derivatives of the dependent variables occur linearly, and the coefficients of those terms are solely functions of lower-order products of the dependent variables, the PDE is said to be quasi-linear. The occurrence of words with lower-order derivatives, however, is not restricted.
  • Homogeneous Partial Differential Equation: A partial differential equation (PDE) is said to be homogeneous if its terms do not contain the dependent variable or its partial derivatives.

What Does a Partial Differential Equation Require?

A particular finite element approach may be appropriate for a given PDE-described problem depending on the functions of each type of PDE. The equation and various variables containing partial derivatives regarding the variables affect the solution. In mechanics, there are three different kinds of second-order PDEs. Elliptic PDE, Parabolic PDE, and Hyperbolic PDE are their names.

Take the following example: auxx+buyy+cuyy=0, u=u (x,y). If b2-ac=0, which is used to represent the equations of elasticity without inertial terms, is true for a particular point (x,y), the equation is elliptic. If the criterion b2-ac>0 is met, hyperbolic PDEs can be used to model wave propagation. It ought to be true for parabolic PDEs when b2-ac=0. One illustration of a parabolic PDE is the equation for heat conduction.

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