How To Become An Assistant Professor in India? – Minimum Eligibility for Appointment as Lecturer

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

Teaching has always been considered a most reputated job in Indian society as it offers more stability, job security, attractive salary and a lot of holidays. It is considered the most responsible profile by becoming a part of the education system because a teacher leads the future of both youth and the country.

A college/university professor has the opportunity to be in touch with the younger generation, and help to shape the future of pupils and society in general. Deрending оn оne’s сhоiсe, аsрirаnts саn сhооse tо teасh аt Sсhооls оr Higher Eduсаtiоnаl Institutiоns viz. College/University level as an Assistant Professor.  

We are going to discuss the step by step guide to becoming an Assistant Professor in detail in this article, we will cover the required qualification, professional certification required,  requisite experience,  salary structure and promotion scheme. 

Eligibility Criteria To Become a Professor

To become an Assistant Professor in India, you must check the following things before applying:

  • The standards for minimum eligibility 
  • Academic degrees that are made mandatory as per UGC norms  
  • Age limit criteria  
  • List of competitive exams 

We have provided details on all these important requirements to make it easier to understand the Assistant Professor eligibility criteria set by UGC for Indian universities or colleges.

Educational Qualification

Candidates must have a master’s degree with a minimum aggregate percentage from a reputed Indian university to be eligible for the Assistant Professor profile:

Check category-wise educational qualifications below:


Educational Qualification 

  • General 

Master’s degree with a minimum of 55% marks 

  • ST/SC/OBC/PWD/Transgenders 

Master’s degree with a minimum of 50% marks 

Age Limit Criteria

There are no age limit criteria set to be eligible to apply for the post of Assistant Professor. Mаny students сhооse this рrоfessiоn аfter getting рriоr exрerienсe, whiсh рrоves tо be benefiсiаl in getting the jоb. Therefore, UGC/CSIR has not set any age limit for lectureship posts.

Competitive Exams Required to Become a Professor

To pursue your career as an Assistant Professor, you must appear for the below mentioned competitive exams –

1. NET (National Eligibility Test)

The NET exam which is commonly known as UGC NET is a competitive exam that is conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) to select candidates for awarding the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and to determine the eligibility for Lecturer. To apply for this exam, you must have a post-graduate degree with at least 55% marks secured from a recognized university, to be eligible for this exam. Once you clear the exam and receive the UGC NET Certificate, you can apply for the profile of Assistant Professor in reputed Indian colleges and universities across the country.

2. GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)

The Graduate Aptitude Test is an All-India competitive entrance exam that is conducted by the GATE Committee, which comprises faculty members from different institutes like IISc, Bangalore, and the seven Indian Institute of Technology (IIT’s).

Candidates can use the GATE score to pursue a Ph.D. degree and, after publishing your research papers as a Ph.D. thesis you can apply for the post of professor/lecturer post in IITs or NITs.

3. SLET (State Level Eligibility Test)

SLET is a state-level examination that is also conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) to select the enthusiastic candidates interstate to be eligible for Assistant Professor. After clearing the SLET exam, you will be eligible to apply and work with state-level colleges and universities.


CSIR NET is a national level exam which is conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) to select candidates for the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Assistant Professor for Science subjects only. CSIR UGC NET stands for Council of Scientific and Industrial Research University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (CSIR UGC NET). 

Required Skills to Become Professor in India

Apart from fulfilling the eligibility criteria, a candidate should have some set of skills to establish a career as a college Assistant Professor or a lecturer. We have provided a list of the most commonly required skills for an Assistant Professor suggested by our experts.

  • Раssiоn fоr teасhing
  • Deeр interest in the relаted subjeсt
  • Сreаtivity tо find innоvаtive ideаs fоr teасhing
  • Desire tо leаrn new things
  • Рerfeсt соmmuniсаtiоn
  • Thоrоugh reseаrсh
  • Рrоblem-sоlving аbility
  • Time mаnаgement
  • Роsitive соnfidenсe

Salary and Scope for Professors in India

Professors or lecturers get attractive salary packages in India. The salary of professors depends upon many parameters like:

  • Place/Location 
  • Type of the Organization 
  • Years of Experience
  • College/University

Usually, the salary of a Lecturer or a Professor lies between 40,000 – 90,000 INR per month.

In India, the Professors or Lecturers can get the highest payment from the following highly renowned institutes –

  •  IITs 
  •  AIIMS 
  •  IIMs 
  •  BITs

Also check:

Junior Research Fellow & Lecturer Recruitment 2021: Check Here for All Vacancy Details in India

Delhi University Assistant Professor Recruitment 2021: Apply Online for 251 Posts, Eligibility, Date

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