What is the Behaviour of Pure Silicon at 0k?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Pure silicon at 0k behaves like insulator. It is because in the valence band, electrons do not have sufficient energy to jump to the conduction band and hence it behaves as an insulator at 0K.

Answer: Pure silicon at 0k behaves like an insulator.

Silicon is an element in the modern periodic table that has the atomic number 14. It is a semiconductor that is a hard, brittle crystalline solid with a blue-grey metallic luster. After hydrogen, helium, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, iron, and neon, silicon is the eighth-most abundant element in the universe. It is widely used for the manufacturing of semiconductors.

In 1817 Scottish chemist Thomas Thomson gave the name Silicon. It very rarely occurs as the pure element in the Earth’s crust.

What is the behaviour of pure Silicon at 0k?

At 0K, pure silicon behaves like an insulator. It makes up 27.7% of Earth’s crust. Its atomic weight is 28.086.

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