IBPS PO Reasoning Syllabus 2020 & Exam Pattern for Prelims

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

IBPS PO Reasoning Syllabus 2020: IBPS PO Prelims exam is scheduled to take place from 3rd October 2020. Now, to start your IBPS PO Prelims 2020 exam preparation, you should know the complete syllabus and what topics you have to study in each subject.

IBPS PO Reasoning Syllabus 2020: IBPS PO Prelims exam is scheduled to take place from 3rd October 2020. Now, to start your IBPS PO Prelims 2020 exam preparation, you should know the complete syllabus and what topics you have to study in each subject.

Out of the three major subjects Quant, Reasoning and English, the Reasoning section of the IBPS PO exam become challenging to attempt if proper planning is not done and a plan can only be made if we know the exact pattern of the section. 

So, to make sure your preparation for the IBPS PO is going in the right direction, we have compiled below the detailed IBPS PO Reasoning syllabus & exam pattern for the Prelims exam.

IBPS PO Reasoning Syllabus 2020 & Exam Pattern for Prelims Daily GK Updates, Discussions, English Quizzes, Free PDF’s & more, Join our Telegram Group by Gradeup Mentors Kush Pandey & Yashi Pandey Join Now

IBPS PO Reasoning Syllabus 2020

IBPS PO Exam Pattern 2020 for Reasoning 

  • Consists of 35 questions
  • 1 mark will be awarded for every right answer
  • 0.25 mark will be deducted for every wrong answer
  • Total 35 marks
  • Sectional timing is there. 20 minutes are allotted to this section

IBPS PO Reasoning Syllabus with Weightage

The IBPS PO Reasoning syllabus along with the weightage is given below for your knowledge:

IBPS PO Reasoning Syllabus Weightage
Inequality 5
Syllogism 5
Coding-Decoding 5
Puzzle/Seating Arrangement 15
Miscellaneous 5
Data Sufficiency 5
Input-Output 5

IBPS PO Reasoning – Preparation Tips & Strategy

1. Inequality:

In this type of questions, some statements followed by conclusions are given. In the statement, the relationship between some variables is given and in the conclusion, the relationship between some other variab les is asked.

Questions from this topic can be asked in two different ways –

Case I

  • The relationship between the variables is directly given.

e.g. Mark answers if

  1. The only conclusion I follow.
  2. Only conclusion II follows.
  3. Either conclusion I or II follows.
  4. Neither conclusion I nor II follows.
  5. Both conclusion I and II follow.

Q). Statement: P ≥ Q = R > S > T

      Conclusions: I. P ≥ T

                                II. T < Q

Solution: P is either greater than or equal to Q. But Q is equal to R which means P is either greater than or equal to R and we can see that P is greater than S, which finally tells that P will definitely be greater than T. However the first conclusion says P is either greater or equal to T which is not necessarily true.

Now Q is equal to R which leads to Q greater than S which finally tells that Q is greater than T. So only conclusion II follows.

Case II

  • The relationship between the variables is coded. We have to decode the relationship to check whether the conclusions follow or not.

Directions: In the following questions, the symbols @, #, $, % and & are used with the meanings as illustrated below:

‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’

‘P # Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’

‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’

‘P % Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’

‘P & Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q’

Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the four conclusions I, II, III, and IV have given below them is/are definitely true and give your answer accordingly.

Q). Statements: A $ B, B % C, C & D, D # E


I. E @ C

II. D $ B

III. A $ E

IV. B % E

1) Only I, II and III are true

2) Only I, II and IV are true

3) Only II, III and IV are true

4) Only I, III and IV are true

5) All I, II, III and IV are true


@ means ≥             # means ≤                $ means >           % means <             & means =

Statement: A>B, B


I.E≥C (As E≥D and D=C which means E≥C)

II.D>B (As D=C and C>B which means D>B)

III.A>E (As E≥D and D=C and C>B which means E>B and we know that A>B, so can’t be sure)

IV.BB which means E>B)

Which means I, II and IV are true.

So option (2) is the correct answer.

2. Syllogism:

In syllogism questions, some statements followed by some conclusions are given. We have to decide which of the conclusions follow with the help of the given statements.

The conclusions should be true in any case. The best approach to solve these questions is that one should always try to prove the conclusion wrong if the conclusion can’t be proved wrong in any case then it is definitely true.

Generally, Venn diagrams are used to solve these questions.

Directions: In each of the following questions, three statements are given followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Statements: Some chocolates are candies. All candies are sweet. No sweet is free.


I. Some chocolates are free.

II. Some candies are free.

III. All chocolates being sweet is a possibility.

IV. All chocolates being free is a possibility.

(1) Only II follows

(2) Only either I or IV follows

(3) Only III follows

(4) Only II and either I or IV follows

(5) None follows



I. Some chocolates can’t be free always as we can see in the Venn diagram. So it does not follow.

II. Candies can’t be free at all because candies are under sweet and no sweet is free. So it does not follow.

III. In this option, the possibility is asked and all chocolates can be sweet. So it follows.

IV. All chocolates can’t be free because then some sweets will be free that is not allowed. So it does not follow.

So only III follows which means the option (3) is correct.

3. Coding-Decoding:

In coding-decoding, actual words are coded in some other words (usually smaller). Few coded sentences give us the idea of respected coded words for each of the actual words. Once all the words are decoded, the answer to any related question can be given in seconds.

Approach to solve the questions of this topic:

  • Observe alphabets or numbers given in the code keenly.
  • Find the sequence it follows whether it is ascending or descending.
  • Detect the rule in which the alphabets/numbers/words follow.
  • Fill the appropriate letter/number/word in the blank given.

Some Basics which we need to learn before solving the questions of this topic are:

  • Letter position (A=1, B=2, C=3, D=4 …… Y=25, Z=26)
  • Opposite position of letters (A=26, B=25 …… Z=1)
  • Opposite of each letter (A is opposite to Z and B is opposite to Y and C is opposite to X …… and so on)

4(a) Puzzle:

These may be individual or group questions from a large (almost infinite) number of areas. 

  • Sometimes the questions asked from the puzzle are based on the floor. We have to follow the instructions to locate persons on different floors.
  • The questions can have 2 variables ( i.e. Different liking, profession)
  • The questions can have 3 variables ( i.e. Different liking, Profession, favourite colour)

Here we are providing one type of puzzle –

Directions: Read the following information and answer the questions that follow:

There are seven students — Sintu, Sanjeev, Saket, Sandeep, Sonu, Sahil, and Shyam — in an institute. Each of them has a different favourite subject, viz Quantitative Aptitude, Reasoning Ability, Computer Science, English Language, General Awareness, Current Affairs, and Banking Awareness. Each of the student’s secured different marks in his favourite subject. Saket has secured second highest marks and neither Quantitative Aptitude nor English Language is his favourite subject. Sonu secured the least marks and neither Current Affairs nor Reasoning Ability is his favourite subject. The favourite subject of Sandeep is Computer Science and he secured more marks than marks of Sanjeev and Shyam but less than the marks of Sintu. The favourite subject of Sanjeev is General Awareness and his marks are more than the marks of Sonu but less than the marks of Shyam. The favourite subject of Sintu is Banking Awareness and he has not secured the highest marks. The student whose favourite subject is the English Language got the highest marks. The favourite subject of Saket is not Reasoning Ability.

Q). Which is the favourite subject of Sonu?

  1. Quantitative Aptitude
  2. Reasoning Ability
  3. General Awareness
  4. Data Inadequate
  5. None of these



Ans: A

4(b) Linear seating arrangement:

This category is most likely to be asked in the prelims paper and at least 5 questions will be there from a complete paragraph and we will have to follow the instructions given in the paragraph to properly arrange the persons/ things given.

We should be very focused in arranging the things/persons because if any sentence is skipped then we can’t do the arrangement.

Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions:

Twelve people are seating in two parallel rows containing six people each in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row 1, A, B, C, D, E, and F are seating and all of them are facing south. In row 2, P, Q, R, S, T, and V are seating and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement, each member of a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to the right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the lines. D sits third to the right of C. R faces E. The one facing E sits third to the right of P. B and P does not sit at the extreme ends of the lines. T is not an immediate neighbour of S and F is not an immediate neighbour of D.

Q). Who among the following faces D?

  1. T
  2. P
  3. Q
  4. R
  5. None of these

Ans: T


4(c) Circular seating arrangement:

In the circular arrangement, persons sit around a circular table. One difficulty that is generally found while solving these questions is that students find it difficult to decide which is the left side and which is the right side of a person. For resolving this hurdle, one can quickly assume oneself to be at that particular person’s place.

  • For making a circular arrangement hard, some persons are facing inward while others are facing outward type of questions can be asked in a circular arrangement.
  • Blood relation is another way to make the question tough.
  • Apart from these, people can have different profession or likings.

Direction: Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H are seating in a circle facing the center. All of them have different weight such as 40 Kg, 45 Kg, 50 Kg, 55 Kg, 60 Kg, 65 Kg, 70 Kg, and 75 Kg but not necessarily in the same order.  A and B sit opposite each other and B is heavier than only C, who is not neighbor of A, B is an immediate neighbor of F and D. The one who is heaviest sits opposite to H. The weight of A is 60 Kg. F who is just Lighter than A is fourth to the right of E, who is third to the right of C, H is Lighter than only D, E is Lighter than only 2 persons.

Q). Which of the following second to the Right of H?

  1. C
  2. F
  3. G
  4. E
  5. A

Ans: D




Apart from above-mentioned topics, the questions can be asked from ranking, blood relation, and direction, etc. So don’t forget to cover these topics. These questions are generally asked individually so these questions are not too much challenging.

Q). In a class, Rajan got the 11th rank and he was 31st from the bottom of the list of boys passed. Three boys did not take the examination and one failed. What is the total strength of the class?

  1. 32
  2. 42
  3. 45
  4. 46
  5. 47


From the statement,

Rajan is 11th from the top and 31st from the bottom;

Thus there is a total of 31+11 – 1 = 41 students.

Moreover; three boys and one boy failed; so the total number of students will be:

41+3+1 = 45

Hence Option C is correct.

Q). Anjaney and Ashish start walking from the same place. Anjaney walks 10 km towards the north. Then he takes a right turn and walks for 3 km. Finally, he turns left and walks for 5 km before stopping. Ashish walks 6 km towards the east and after talking a left turn, he walks for another 11 km before stopping. What is the shortest distance between destination points of Anjaney and Ashish?



The shortest distance between destination points of Anjaneya and Ashish will be 5 km.

You can practice Quiz of different topics from the link given below:

Reasoning Ability Quiz for IBPS PO 2020

Make sure that you solve all the quizzes of Reasoning section. Attempt them regularly to strengthen your concepts.

For more information about the exam, check out the IBPS PO eligibility criteria and the IBPS PO job profile and salary structure as they will help you know the A to Z about the exam.

IBPS PO Notification 2020, Download Here! 

As IBPS PO exam dates have been announced now, this is the high time to kick start your preparation. To help you out in your exam preparation, we suggest you to attempt IBPS PO free mock test to analyze your performance for the upcoming exam.

Attempt IBPS PO Mock Test 2020

Prep Smart. Score Better. Go Gradeup. 


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