Which of the following statements is correct about pneumonia? (I) Pneumonia is caused by bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Salmonella typhi (II) The disease affects the alveoli of the lungs (III) The symptoms of pneumonia include fever, chills, cough, and headache.

By Ritesh|Updated : November 14th, 2022

(a) Only I

(b) Only III

(c) I, II, and III

(d) Both II and III

The statement “The disease affects the alveoli of the lungs” and “The symptoms of pneumonia include fever, chills, cough and headache” are correct in pneumonia. Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenza are the germs that cause the bacterial illness pneumonia. Having a buildup of fluid or pus in the lungs is a sign of pneumonia. Inflammatory reactions to infections that assault and kill the alveoli in the lungs cause pus to form. Breathing problems and other symptoms like a cough, fever, chills, etc. come from this. As a result, assertions II and III are true.

Pneumonia Treatment

By infecting droplets, pneumonia spreads. By breathing in the droplets that an infected person coughs or sneezes out, a healthy person contracts the virus. As these items will have deposits of the discharged droplets, sharing them with an infected individual might also result in disease transmission.

A bacterium called Salmonella Typhi causes typhoid fever in people. The symptoms of this illness include persistent fever, weakness, stomach ache, constipation, appetite loss, etc. Through tainted food and water, it spreads. As a result, a statement I is untrue.

For a quick recovery, patients should receive antibiotics. Although pneumonia can be treated at home, serious cases necessitate hospitalisation. There is no specific treatment for viral pneumonia. It naturally heals itself.

The patient must drink more fluids, consume healthy food, receive oxygen therapy for breathing issues, and take painkillers and cough suppressants.

Summary:

Which of the following statements is correct about pneumonia? (I) Pneumonia is caused by bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Salmonella typhi (II) The disease affects the alveoli of the lungs (III) The symptoms of pneumonia include fever, chills, cough, and headache.

It is true that the disease affects the alveoli in the lungs and that pneumonia symptoms include fever, chills, coughing, and headaches. The lung infection known as pneumonia is brought on by bacteria, viruses, and fungus.

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