Differentiate Between Subsistence and Commercial Farming

By Balaji

Updated on: May 9th, 2023

The difference between Subsistence and Commercial Farming is that Subsistence farming is practiced on small patches of land, while Commercial farming is a single crop grown on a large area. Subsistence farming is for the consumption of the farmer and his/her family, whereas Commercial farming is produced for profits.

Difference between Subsistence and Commercial farming

Subsistence farming and Commercial farming are the types of farming practiced in different parts of India. To differentiate between Subsistence and Commercial Farming, study the table given below.

Subsistence farming Commercial farming
Tools like Hoe, Dao, digging sticks, etc. are used. It requires heavy doses of high-yielding variety (HYV) seeds, chemical fertilizers, insecticides, and pesticides.
It depends on the monsoon and the natural fertility of the soil. The aim is to obtain higher productivity.
Uses labor to perform cultivation. Uses large machines to perform cultivation.
Farmers shift to a fresh patch of land for cultivation when the soil fertility decreases. The industries use the produce from this farming as raw material.
Follows many cropping patterns. Follows a Single cropping pattern.
Requires lesser investment of money. Requires huge capital investment.
The fertility of the soil is replenished naturally. The crop grown is mainly for the market.
Example – Jhumming Example – Plantation

Subsistence Farming vs Commercial Farming

Subsistence farming is a type of farming done to meet the needs of the farmer’s family. In this, domestic labor and a low level of technology are used for crop production.

Commercial farming is practiced to raise crops and animals for sale in the market. Most of the work in this type of farming is completed by machines. Large amounts of capital and a large area of land are used.

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