What are the Different Types of Farming?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The different Types of Farming are subsistence farming, commercial farming, transfer farming, intensive farming, extensive farming, plantation farming, and mixed farming. Farming is one of the main activities of any country. The economy of a country largely depends on agriculture, and farming depends on geographical conditions, labor, product demand, and technology levels.

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Types of Farming

India is an agricultural country and farming is one of the main occupations pursued here. Agriculture contributes majorly to the GDP of the Indian economy, and these different types of farming contribute in their way. Below we have jotted down the Types of Farming and highlighted their procedure and benefits.

Types of Farming Procedure Benefits
Subsistence farming Characterized by small and scattered land holdings and the use of primitive tools. High-yielding and different types of seeds can be used in the fields.
Shifting agriculture Farmers grow crops and move to other lands when old fertility diminishes. Helps in pest control and gives maximum yield
Intensive farming Small farms are cultivated using large inputs of manual labor, fertilizer, and manure. More than one crop can be cultivated, which increases productivity.
Extensive farming Large-sized fields are cultivated with the help of machines. The input of labor per unit is less. Emphasis is laid on enhanced production.
Plantation farming Single agriculture crop is produced Usually produced for the export market
Commercial farming Cultivation of crops is done for sale in the market It gives higher benefits to the farmers
Mixed farming Farming of crops and rising animal together is called mixed farming Ensures steady income for farmers

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