Shifting Agriculture in Brazil is known as

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Shifting agriculture or Jhoom farming is known as Roca in Brazil. Jhum is commonly known in India, Ladang in Indonesia, and Milpa in Central America and Mexico. The other word for Jhoom is Shifting cultivation. It is the local word for slash agriculture and a popular method in the Northeastern states of India. It is also called Jhumming Cultivation in India.

Shifting Agriculture in Brazil

Brazilians refer to shifting cultivation as Roca. It entails cutting down trees, burning the leftover debris, and farming the land for a while before relocating to another area and leaving the previous one alone to repopulate. With this, the ground may be prepared for cultivation straightforwardly and quickly. Slash-and-burn agriculture is another name for this method.

Shifting cultivation is a farming technique whereby land plots are first briefly farmed, following which they are abandoned, and fallow vegetation is allowed to grow unhindered while the cultivator shifts to another plot.

  • It is known as Ladang in Indonesia and Malaysia.
  • It is referred to as Milpa in Central America and Mexico.

What is Shifting cultivation known as in Brazil and India?

As mentioned above, the ‘shifting cultivation’ of Brazil is known as Roca. It is also known as Jhum farming. The shifting cultivation in India is known by the name of Jhumming or Jhum cultivation. India also refers to it as “Jhum-Jhum cultivation.”

Locally called “Jhum,” shifting farming is used in the hilly regions of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura. It still dominates the food production industry and serves as many rural people’s main income source.


Shifting Agriculture in Brazil is known as

Roca is the other name given to Shifting agriculture in Brazil. It is an agricultural system few plots of land are cultivated temporarily by farmers and then abandoned. At the same time, post-disturbance fallow vegetation is allowed to grow while the cultivator moves on to another plot freely.

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