What is Intensive Subsistence Farming?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Intensive Subsistence Farming is the type of farming in which the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labor. This type of farming is largely done in the densely populated areas of Monsoon Asia. Intensive Subsistence Farming is labor-intensive farming, where biochemical inputs and high doses of irrigation are used to achieve high production.

Intensive Subsistence Farming

The term subsistence farming refers to the practice of growing crops by a farmer largely for his consumption. Although the ‘right of inheritance’ has led to the division of land between successive generations, which has made the size of the landholding unviable, farmers continue to take maximum production from the limited land in the absence of alternative sources of livelihood.

Thus, there is immense pressure on agricultural land. Following are the key details related to Intensive Subsistence Farming:

  • It is prevalent in the thickly populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast, and east Asia.
  • The main crop grown is rice.
  • Other than rice, wheat, maize, pulses, and oilseeds are also grown.
  • There are two types of intensive subsistence agriculture: Intensive subsistence agriculture dominated by wet paddy cultivation and Intensive subsidence agriculture dominated by crops other than paddy.

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