Describe the Different Methods of Population Control in Human Beings in Detail

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The different methods of population control in human beings are Contraception, Child Tax, One-Child Policy, Sterilization, Medical Abortion, Family Planning, etc. When the population is booming in a country, and it has few resources to accommodate the needs of any more people, it may employ introducing population control practices.

Different Methods of Population Control in Human Beings

There are many various methods of population control in human beings, such as:

  1. Contraception: Contraception or birth control is used to prevent pregnancies during intercourse.
  2. Child Tax: Levying child tax can help in controlling the overflowing population.
  3. One-Child Policy: According to China’s one-child policy, people are only allowed to have a single child.
  4. Sterilization: A medical procedure that intentionally leaves a person (male or female) unable to reproduce.
  5. Medical Abortion: Medical abortions can help eliminate unwanted pregnancies.
  6. Family Planning: Family planning involves making better decisions about reproducing.
  7. Abstinence: Sexual abstinence is the method of abstaining from a few or all parts of sexual activity for psychological, social, medical, legal, or religious grounds.
  8. Emigration: It is an act of leaving one’s native country to settle in a different one.
  9. Euthanasia – It refers to the practice of deliberately ending one’s life to reduce pain and misery.

Population Control Measures

Overpopulation can cause threats like over-exploitation of resources, environmental damage, etc. With the help of population control methods, it becomes possible to avoid such dangers.

  • Various population control methods, such as the one-child policy and child tax, can be considered legal obligations among the people.
  • On the other hand, the encouragement of sterilization and contraception is not perceived as such a harsh measure.
  • In the long run, however, family planning and educating people can help the most with the need for population control.

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