Union Territories of India: What are the 8 Union Territories of India in 2022?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 28th, 2022

The Union Territories of India are directly governed by the central government, with the Vice Governor representing the President of India as the executive and appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. India has 8 Union Territories.

Except for Delhi and Pondicherry, union territories have no representatives in the Rajya Sabha. The Union Territories of India's administration is independent of the other areas' administration, and Union Territories are subdivided into smaller administrative divisions to ensure effective governance.

Table of Content

What are the Union Territories of India?

Union territories or UTs in India are national territories allocated by the Union Government of India, and UT of India is also referred to as centrally administered territories.

List of Union Territories of India PDF

The President of India designates the Lieutenant Governors (LGs) of UT, and these governors serve as the administrators of Indian Union Territories. The UTs were presented in the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The vision of the UT was added by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956.

All Union Territories of India - Requirements

  • There were 14 states and six union territories in India in 1956. A few states have been increased to 28, and UTs have become 8 over the years.
  • Some UTs that evolved as entire states since the 1960s are Sikkim, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, and Mizoram.
  • Chandigarh is the organizational capital of both Punjab and Haryana, while Delhi is the organizational capital of India.
  • Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands are situated far from the continent of India and occupy strategic places.
  • Union government control of them may be regarded as necessary from a federal security point of view.
  • The UTs of Puducherry were under the French's management, while Daman and Diu were under the Portuguese.
  • They have a more diverse culture than their surrounding States, and special provisions may be needed to maintain this identity and provide satisfactory governance.

List of 8 Union Territories of India

Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh was officially established as union territories in 2019. This list provides all the details about the 8 union territories, including their capital, population, and area.

Name of Union Territories of India

Year of Foundation

Capital city

Population according to the 2011 census number

Area (km2)

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

November 1956

Port Blair

3,80,581

8,249

Chandigarh

1 November 1966

Chandigarh

10,55,450

114

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

26 January 2020

Daman

3,43,709

603 (with DandD)

Delhi

1956

New Delhi

1,67,87,941

1,483

Lakshadweep

1 November 1956

Kavaratti

64,473

32

Puducherry

1 November 1954

Pondicherry

12,47,953

479

Jammu and Kashmir

31 October 2019

Srinagar in Summer and Jammu in Winter

1,22,67,013

42,241

Ladakh

31 October 2019

Leh

2,74,289

59,146

Largest Union Territories of India

Concerning area, Ladakh is the largest union territory, with 59,146 km2 of land area. Population-wise, the largest union territory in Delhi. According to the 2011 Census, the total population of Delhi is 16,787,941.

Union Territory

Capital

Jammu and Kashmir

Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)

Lakshadweep

Kavaratti

Chandigarh

Chandigarh

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

Daman

Puducherry

Puducherry

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Port Blair

Delhi

New Delhi

Ladakh

Leh (summer), Kargil (winter)

Union Territories of India and Their Capitals 2022

There are 8 union territories in India: Ladakh, Chandigarh, Delhi, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Jammu and Kashmir, Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry.

  • The Indian government enacted the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019.
  • It reconstituted Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories - the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Union Territory of Ladakh.
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu integrated into one Union Territory in 2020, referred to as Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.

1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Particulars

Description

Area

8,249 sq. km

Population

4 lakh (approx)

Capital

Port Blair

Languages

Hindi, Bengali, , Malayalam, Nicobarese, Tamil, Telugu

2. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

Particulars

Description

Area

603 sq km

Population

4 Lakhs (Approx)

Capital

Daman

Languages

Gujarati, Hindi

3. Lakshadweep

Particulars

Description

Area

32 sq. km

Population

64,429 ( Approx )

Capital

Kavaratti

Languages

Jeseri (Dweep Bhasha), Malayalam, and Mahal

4. Puducherry (Pondicherry)

Particulars

Description

Area

479 sq km

Population

12,44,464 (Approx)

Capital

Puducherry

Languages

Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, English, and French

5. NCT of Delhi

Particulars

Description

Area

1,483 sq. km

Population

1,67,53,235 (Approx)

Capital

Delhi

Languages

Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu, and English

6. Chandigarh

Particulars

Description

Area

114 sq km

Population

10,54,686 (Approx)

Capital

Chandigarh

Languages

Punjabi, Hindi, and English

7. Ladakh

Particulars

Description

Area

59,146 sq km

Population

2.74 lakhs (Approx)

Capital

Leh

Languages

Ladakhi, Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman

8. Jammu and Kashmir

Union Territories

India

Capital

Jammu (winter), Srinagar (summer)

Area

42,241 sq. km

Languages

Urdu, Balti, Kashmiri, Gojri, Dogri, Ladakhi, Pahari, and Dari

Difference between Union Territory and State

The table lists the basic differences between state and union territories of India.

State

UT in India

They experience a nationwide connection with the Union Government by dividing executive and legislative powers.

UT is more of a unitary association with the Union Government as all the executive and legislative powers reside with the Indian Government.

States enjoy autonomous controls.

Union Territories do not have independent powers.

People elect the chief Minister who assists the state.

Ut of India is assisted by a Lieutenant Governor selected by the Indian President.

The constitutional state head is the Governor.

The Indian President is the administrative leader of the Union Territory.

A State is a constituent branch, and its own elected government has powers to prepare laws

Union Territory is a small executive unit. The Government of the Union rules it except for Puducherry, Jammu, Kashmir, and Delhi.

  • Residents living in the union territories cannot hold the people governing them answerable, which damages the democratic rights of these individuals who are otherwise available to those in the states.
  • There are 3.68 crore Indian citizens living in eight Union Territories of India.
  • They are not permitted the democratic freedom of having their Assemblies with full control as enjoyed by those living in the 28 states.

Even in the case of UTs with a selected government, they have minimal powers compared to the states. The UTs are often at the understanding of the appointees of the central government.

Union Territories of India - Structural Fragility

The structural delicacy of the UT in India makes it easier for the central government to interfere in the functioning of the union territory of India and destabilize them.

Arrangement of the legislature:

  • A simple modification in the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963, can make a Parliament with more than 50% nominated associates.
  • As per the constitutional provisions about the legislature's composition in union territories of India, it is a body that is elected or partly appointed.
  • A partly selected and partially assigned legislature cannot support democratic aspirations.
  • A predominantly assigned House cannot encourage representative democracy.

Issue of nomination:

  • The nomination process is prone to politicization, as marked in the case of Puducherry.
  • The Union government had designated Assembly members without conferring with the government, questioned in the court.
  • No such qualification is laid down In the nomination to the Puducherry Assembly, either in the Government of Union Territories of India Act or Article 239A, unlike under Article 80.

Administrator's control:

  • Union Territories of India have not been granted crucial independence, thus restraining them from a fully democratic set-up.
  • Tremendous powers have been bestowed on the Administrator/Lieutenant Governor in the UTs.
  • The President chooses on the suggestion of the Union government. The Union government finally solved the debated issue.
  • Under Article 239 AA(4) of the Constitution and Government of Union Territories Act (Section 44), the leader has the freedom to oppose the judgments of the Council and then mention them to the President for a definitive conclusion.
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FAQs on Union Territories of India

  • Union territories of India are a type of organizational division in the Republic of India. Union territories are national settlements governed, in part or whole, by the Union Government of India, unlike the states with their governments.

  • There are two kinds of union territories in India. They are

    • Union territories with legislative bodies: Delhi, Jammu, and Kashmir, Pondicherry
    • Union territories without Government: Andaman and Nicobar, Chandigarh, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Ladakh, and Lakshadweep.
  • Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh were newly added to the Union Territories of India. The addition of these territories occurred on 31 October 2019.

  • There are 28 states in the country. Each state in India has administrative, legislative, and judicial capital, and a Chief Minister governs every state.

  • The Governor is the constitutional head, and the President of India is the chief executive of the UTs. A lieutenant governor is the constitutional chief of five of the eight union territories in the Republic of India.

  • There are currently 8 Union territories in India, and the President administers union Territories through an Administrator appointed by them. Each UT of India has a unique culture, history, festivals, dress, demography, language, etc.

  • In 2020, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman, and Diu were integrated into a single UT, known as Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.

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