What is the Article 80?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Article 80 in the Constitution of India is the composition of the Council of States specified. It was passed in 1975 and has since undergone some changes. Article 80 empowers the President of India to appoint 12 members of the Rajya Sabha. It also specifies the number of members and how they are elected.

Article 80 in the Constitution of India

Article 80 of the Indian Constitution lays down the Composition of the Council of States. According to Article 80, the Council of States shall have the following:

  • According to Article 80 (1), the President appoints twelve members to the Council of States.
  • Article 80 requires that these nominated members have special knowledge and/or practical experience in the fields of literature, art, science, and social service (3).
  • There should be no more than 238 representatives from the states and territories of the Union.
  • The Fourth Schedule is to be followed during the allocation of seats in the Council of States, according to Article 80 (2). They will be filled by representatives from the states and union territories listed in the Fourth Schedule.
  • Article 80 (4) states that the representatives of each State in the Council of States are to be elected by the elected members of the State Legislative Assembly. This is to be in accordance with the system of proportional representation using a single transferable vote.
  • Article 80 (5) states that the course of law is to be followed while the election of these representatives of the Union territories in the Council of States.

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