Is India a Union of States?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Yes, India is a union of states. The democratic, secular, and sovereign Republic of India is governed by a parliamentary system. The President is the head of the executive branch of the Union according to the Constitution. The governor acts as the representative of the president and is the chief executive in each state. The structure of the government of the states is very similar to that of the union. The country is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories.

India is a Union of States

Yes, even though its constitution is in federal form, Article 1 of the Indian Constitution refers to the nation as a “Union of States”. Dr. BR According to Ambedkar, the term Union of States has gained favor for the following two reasons: First, the Indian Union, unlike the American Federation, is not the result of an agreement between the States. And second, the states do not have the right to secede from the federation.

Because it included both territories under the British administration and several princely states, India became a federation of states. Some of the sub-political units of India have a unique status. The territories ruled by France and Portugal received the designation of Union Territories. Jammu and Kashmir entered India under extraordinary circumstances.

  • To become a sovereign state, many units were too small. They became union territories. The states of the Northeast have received unique treatment as they are home to many tribes that have their own history and culture.
  • The President oversees the Union Territories through an administrator whom he has nominated. Each state/union territory of India, from largest to smallest, has different demographics, history, and culture as well as clothing, festivals, and languages.

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