State four differences between electrovalent and covalent compounds.

By Ritesh|Updated : November 14th, 2022

Electrovalent compounds are formed due to the transfer of electrons from one atom to other whereas covalent compounds are formed due to the sharing of electrons between atoms. Electrovalent compounds are good conductors of electricity while covalent compounds are bad conductors of electricity. Differences Between Electrovalent and Covalent Compounds.

Electrovalent compounds

Covalent compounds

They are created by the exchange of electrons between two atoms. Ex: NaCl

They are created through the exchange of electrons between the atoms that make them up. Ex: CCl4

They are effective electrical conductors when they are molten.

They are generally bad conductors of electricity.

Due to the potent electrostatic force of attraction, they have high melting and boiling points.

Both their melting and boiling points are low.

In general, they are insoluble in organic solvents and soluble in water.

They typically aren't soluble in water but are soluble in organic solvents.

Properties of Electrovalent bond or Ionic bond

  • The strongest of all bonds are ionic bonds.
  • Ionic bonds in the appropriate medium are the most reactive because they have charge separation.
  • The melting and boiling points of the molecules with ionic bonds are high.
  • The molecules with ionic bonds are effective electrical conductors, whether they are dissolved in water or molten. Ions, which serve as charge carriers, are to blame for this.

Summary:

State four differences between electrovalent and covalent compounds.

Covalent compounds are created when atoms share electrons, whereas electrovalent compounds are created when electrons are transferred from one atom to another. Covalent compounds are poor electrical conductors whereas electrovalent compounds are good electrical conductors.

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