Ramsar Sites in India 2022: List of 75 Wetlands in India, New Ramsar Sites PDF

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : November 17th, 2022

Ramsar Sites in India are wetlands or similar sites of international significance to conserve and ensure sustainable use of its resources. Wetlands in India are called Ramsar Sites after they are listed under the Ramsar Convention. The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands has tight criteria in place to safeguard these wetlands. 

Wetlands are locations where water plays a major role in regulating the environment and the plant and animal life it supports. They are found where the water table is at or near the land's surface or where it's submerged. Ramsar Sites in India 2022 now include 75 wetlands across the country covering an area of 13,26,677 ha. 

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Ramsar Sites in India

Ramsar Sites or Wetlands in India are sites voted to be of worldwide significance under the Ramsar Convention, also known as the Convention on Wetlands. A Ramsar Site is any wetland area recognized by the Ramsar Convention as having the potential to benefit from conservation and sustainable use of its natural resources. After the newly added Ramsar Sites, there are 75 Total Ramsar Sites in India. 

Ramsar Sites in India 2022 PDF

An intergovernmental environmental treaty is related to conserving wetlands and prudent sustainable use of the resources. This treaty was signed at Ramsar, a city in Iran. All this is done through local and national actions and international cooperation worldwide. The different countries and NGOs started the negotiations in the 1960s, signed in 1971 and finally came into force in 1975.

Latest Ramsar Sites in India

In the 75th year of Independence, in August 2022, 11 New Ramsar Sites in India were added to the list. Of the 11 Latest Ramsar Sites in India, 4 are in Tamil Nadu, and 3 in Odisha. 2 Newly Added Ramsar Sites in India are located in Jammu & Kashmir and 1 each in MP and Maharashtra.

The Recently added Ramsar Sites in India would help conserve and manage these wetlands and enable sustainable and wise use of their resources.

Newly Added Ramsar Sites in India

The Latest Ramsar Sites in India added are as follows 

  • Tampara Lake, Odisha
  • Hirakud Reservoir, Odisha
  • Ansupa Lake, Odisha
  • Yashwant Sagar, Odisha
  • Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh
  • Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex, Tamil Nadu
  • Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
  • Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
  • Thane Creek, Maharashtra
  • Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir

Total Ramsar Sites in India

After the latest addition of the Ramsar sites in India, there are a total 75 Wetlands in India. State-wise distribution of the total Ramsar sites is mentioned below. 

State

Total Ramsar Sites in India 2022

Andhra Pradesh

1

Assam

1

Bihar

1

Goa

1

Gujarat

4

Haryana

2

Himachal Pradesh

3

Jammu and Kashmir

5

Karnataka

1

Kerala

3

Ladakh

2

Madhya Pradesh

4

Maharashtra

3

Manipur

1

Mizoram

1

Odisha

6

Punjab

6

Rajasthan

2

Tamil Nadu

14

Tripura

1

Uttar Pradesh

10

Uttarakhand

1

West Bengal

2

Total Wetlands in India

75

List of Ramsar Sites in India

Ramsar Sites in India are declared under the Ramsar Convention, established by UNESCO in 1971. Ramsar Convention was signed with the aim of making wise use of the wetlands with national, international, and also local corporations for sustainable development of the overall world. Below mentioned is the list of the Total Number of Ramsar Sites in India. 

State

Ramsar Sites of India 2022

Area

Andhra Pradesh

Kolleru Lake

901

Assam

Deepor Beel

40

Bihar

Kabartal Wetland

26.2

Goa

Nanda Lake

0.42

Gujarat

Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary

5.12

Gujarat

Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary

120

Gujarat

Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary

6.99

Gujarat

Wadhvana Wetland

6.3

Haryana

Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary

4.12

Haryana

Sultanpur National Park

1.43

Himachal Pradesh

Chandertal Wetland

0.49

Himachal Pradesh

Pong Dam Lake

156.62

Himachal Pradesh

Renuka Wetland

0.2

Jammu and Kashmir

Hokera Wetland

13.75

Jammu and Kashmir

Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve

8.02

Jammu and Kashmir

Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve

16.75

Jammu and Kashmir

Surinsar-Mansar Lakes

3.5

Jammu and Kashmir

Wular Lake

189

Karnataka

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary

5.18

Kerala

Asthamudi Wetland

61.4

Kerala

Sasthamkotta Lake

3.73

Kerala

Vembanad Kol Wetland

1512.5

Ladakh

Tso Kar Wetland Complex

95.77

Ladakh

Tsomoriri Lake

120

Madhya Pradesh

Bhoj Wetlands

32.01

Madhya Pradesh

Sakhya Sagar

2.48

Madhya Pradesh

Sirpur Wetland

1.61

Madhya Pradesh

Yashwant Sagar

8.23

Maharashtra

Lonar Lake

4.27

Maharashtra

Nandur Madhameshwar

14.37

Maharashtra

Thane Creek

65.21

Manipur

Loktak Lake

266

Mizoram

Pala Wetland

18.5

Odisha

Ansupa Lake

2.31

Odisha

Bhitarkanika Mangroves

650

Odisha

Chilka Lake

1165

Odisha

Hirakud Reservoir

654

Odisha

Satkosia Gorge

981.97

Odisha

Tampara Lake

3

Punjab

Beas Conservation Reserve

64.29

Punjab

Harike Lake

41

Punjab

Kanjli Lake

1.83

Punjab

Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve

3.44

Punjab

Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary

1.16

Punjab

Ropar Lake

13.65

Rajasthan

Keoladeo Ghana NP

28.73

Rajasthan

Sambhar Lake

240

Tamil Nadu

Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

2.6

Tamil Nadu

Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve

526.72

Tamil Nadu

Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary

0.97

Tamil Nadu

Karikili Bird Sanctuary

0.58

Tamil Nadu

Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary

0.72

Tamil Nadu

Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest

12.48

Tamil Nadu

Pichavaram Mangrove

14.79

Tamil Nadu

Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary

385

Tamil Nadu

Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex

0.94

Tamil Nadu

Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary

0.44

Tamil Nadu

Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary

1.13

Tamil Nadu

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

0.4

Tamil Nadu

Vellode Bird Sanctuary

0.77

Tamil Nadu

Vembannur Wetland Complex

0.2

Tripura

Rudrasagar Lake

2.4

Uttar Pradesh

Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary

28.94

Uttar Pradesh

Haiderpur Wetland

69.08

Uttar Pradesh

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary

2.25

Uttar Pradesh

Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary

7.22

Uttar Pradesh

Saman Bird Sanctuary

5.26

Uttar Pradesh

Samaspur Bird Sanctuary

7.99

Uttar Pradesh

Sandi Bird Sanctuary

3.09

Uttar Pradesh

Sarsai Nawar Jheel

1.61

Uttar Pradesh

Sur Sarovar

4.31

Uttar Pradesh

Upper Ganga River

265.9

Uttarakhand

Asan Conservation Reserve

4.44

West Bengal

East Kolkata Wetlands

125

West Bengal

Sunderbans Wetland

4230

Ramsar Sites Meaning

Ramsar Sites in India are wetlands that are designated as such under the Ramsar Convention. It is an intergovernmental environmental treaty related to conserving wetlands and prudent sustainable use of the resources. This treaty was signed at Ramsar, a city in Iran.The convention for Wetlands in India works on three pillars that define the purpose of the Ramsar sites:

  1. To work towards the wise use of all wetlands.
  2. Designate suitable wetlands for the Wetlands of International Importance list and ensure their effective management.
  3. Cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems, and shared species.

Features of Ramsar Sites in India

The Ramsar Convention believes in putting a stop to the universal loss of wetlands and preserving them through judicious use and administration of those that remain. International cooperation, policy-making, capacity building, and technology transfer are behind all this.

  • The insertion of a Ramsar Site in the List symbolizes the government's assurance to take the steps required to ensure that its environmental temperament is sustained.
  • There are nine criteria for identifying wetlands of international importance, especially those providing waterfowl habitat.

Significance of Ramsar Sites in India

The Ramsar Convention is unique in that it remains the only global convention, the objective of which is to protect and conserve a particular type of ecosystem including the plant and animal life (in particular waterfowl), all needing support in the wetland. 

  • The mission of the Ramsar Convention is the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local, regional, and national actions and international cooperation to achieve sustainable development worldwide.
  • Ramsar Convention via Ramsar Sites in India has two-fold objectives, viz. Preservation and sustainable use of wetlands bring to a standstill the intrusion and loss of wetlands. It is not a legally binding treaty and is not a part of UN & UNESCO conventions.

Ramsar Sites in India 2022 Highlights

Below mentioned are some highlights of the Ramsar Sites in India. 

Ramsar Site Highlight

Details

Total Wetlands in India 2022

There are 75 wetlands in India as Ramsar site. 

Largest Ramsar Site in India

Sunderbans Wetland in West Bengal with areas of 4230 ha.

Smallest Ramsar Sites in India

Vembannur Wetland Complex in Tamil Nadu which is 0.2 ha. 

1st Ramsar site of India

Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan

State with highest Ramsar Sites in India

Tamil Nadu has14 Ramsar sites in India making it the state with highest wetlands. 

Ramsar Sites UPSC

Ramsar Sites in India are an important topic from environment and ecology that helps answer questions on environmental concerns, actions, issues, etc. The knowledge about the same, along with the methods to conserve by the government, can be learned by referring to the Geography Book for UPSC as well as NCERT Books for UPSC. One can download these books to study for the exams and make their mark.

Ramsar Sites UPSC Question

Candidates should read the relevant facts and the list about the Ramsar sites and the Ramsar convention for UPSC Exam preparation. Objective-type questions based on the Ramsar Sites can be included in the UPSC Prelims Question Paper.

Prelims 2019 Question - Consider the following statements:

  1. Under Ramsar Convention, it is mandatory on the part of the Government of India to protect and conserve all the wetlands in the Indian territory.
  2. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 were framed by the Government of India based on the recommendation of the Ramsar Convention.
  3. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 also encompass the drainage area or catchment regions of the wetlands as determined by the authority.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Answer - C

Other Important UPSC Notes

El-Nino

Non-Cooperation Movement

MPLADS

Goods and Services Tax (GST)

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

G7 Summit

Jet Streams

Biotechnology

Quit India Movement

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Inner Line Permit

Right to Information Act

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FAQs on Ramsar Sites in India

  • Total Ramsar Sites in India 2022 are 75 after the latest addition of 11 wetlands. Check the complete list of Ramsar sites in India state wise. 

  • A total of 11 Ramsar Sites in India have been added. The list of latest Ramsar Sites are:

    • Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh
    • Ansupa Lake, Odisha
    • Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex, Tamil Nadu
    • Hirakud Reservoir, Odisha
    • Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
    • Thane Creek, Maharashtra
    • Tampara Lake, Odisha
    • Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir
    • Yashwant Sagar, Odisha
    • Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
    • Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir
  • There are 10 wetlands in India as Ramsar sites. The list of Ramsar sites in Uttar Pradesh are:

    • Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Haiderpur Wetland
    • Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary
    • Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary
    • Saman Bird Sanctuary
    • Samaspur Bird Sanctuary
    • Sandi Bird Sanctuary
    • Sarsai Nawar Jheel
    • Sur Sarovar
    • Upper Ganga River
  • Tamil Nadu has the highest number of Ramsar Sites in India 2022 with 14 wetlands. The Ramsar sites in TN are as follows:

    1. Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary
    2. Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve
    3. Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary
    4. Karikili Bird Sanctuary
    5. Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary
    6. Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest
    7. Pichavaram Mangrove
    8. Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary
    9. Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex
    10. Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary
    11. Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary
    12. Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
    13. Vellode Bird Sanctuary
    14. Vembannur Wetland Complex
  • Two of the Ramsar Sites in Rajasthan are Keoladeo Ghana NP and Sambhar Lake.

  • Candidates can download the Ramsar sites in India PDF from here. The PDF includes both the total number of Ramsar sites and the complete list state-wise. 

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