Ramsar Sites in India 2023: New, List of 75 Total Ramsar Sites in India

By Ritika Pant|Updated : January 31st, 2023

Ramsar Sites in India are wetlands or similar sites of international significance to conserve and ensure sustainable use of its resources. Wetlands in India are called Ramsar Sites after they are listed under the Ramsar Convention. The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands has tight criteria in place to safeguard these wetlands. 

Wetlands are locations where water plays a major role in regulating the environment and the plant and animal life it supports. They are found where the water table is at or near the land's surface or where it's submerged. Ramsar Sites in India 2023 now include 75 wetlands across the country covering an area of 13,26,677 ha.

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Ramsar Sites in India

Ramsar Sites or Wetlands in India are sites voted to be of worldwide significance under the Ramsar Convention, also known as the Convention on Wetlands. A Ramsar Site is any wetland area recognized by the Ramsar Convention as having the potential to benefit from conservation and sustainable use of its natural resources. After the newly added Ramsar Sites, there are 75 Total Ramsar Sites in India. 

Ramsar Sites in India 2023 PDF

An intergovernmental environmental treaty is related to conserving wetlands and prudent sustainable use of the resources. This treaty was signed at Ramsar, a city in Iran. All this is done through local and national actions and international cooperation worldwide. The different countries and NGOs started the negotiations in the 1960s, signed in 1971 and finally came into force in 1975.

Latest Ramsar Sites in India

In the 75th year of Independence, in August 2022, 11 New Ramsar Sites in India were added to the list. Of the 11 Latest Ramsar Sites in India, 4 are in Tamil Nadu, and 3 in Odisha. 2 Newly Added Ramsar Sites in India are located in Jammu & Kashmir and 1 each in MP and Maharashtra.

The Recently added Ramsar Sites in India would help conserve and manage these wetlands and enable sustainable and wise use of their resources.

Newly Added Ramsar Sites in India

The Latest Ramsar Sites in India added are as follows 

  • Tampara Lake, Odisha
  • Hirakud Reservoir, Odisha
  • Ansupa Lake, Odisha
  • Yashwant Sagar, Odisha
  • Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh
  • Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex, Tamil Nadu
  • Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
  • Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
  • Thane Creek, Maharashtra
  • Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir

Total Ramsar Sites in India

Presently, there are around 2400 Ramsar sites in the world. After the latest addition of the Ramsar sites in India, there are a total 75 Wetlands in India. State-wise distribution of the total Ramsar sites is mentioned below.

State

Total Ramsar Sites in India 2023

Andhra Pradesh

1

Assam

1

Bihar

1

Goa

1

Gujarat

4

Haryana

2

Himachal Pradesh

3

Jammu and Kashmir

5

Karnataka

1

Kerala

3

Ladakh

2

Madhya Pradesh

4

Maharashtra

3

Manipur

1

Mizoram

1

Odisha

6

Punjab

6

Rajasthan

2

Tamil Nadu

14

Tripura

1

Uttar Pradesh

10

Uttarakhand

1

West Bengal

2

Total Wetlands in India

75

List of Ramsar Sites in India

Ramsar Sites in India are declared under the Ramsar Convention, established by UNESCO in 1971. Ramsar Convention was signed with the aim of making wise use of the wetlands with national, international, and also local corporations for sustainable development of the overall world. Below mentioned is the list of the Total Number of Ramsar Sites in India.

Number of Ramsar Sites in IndiaName of the Ramsar SiteLocationDesignation Date
1Chilika LakeOdisha1 October 1981
2Keoladeo National ParkBharatpur Rajasthan1 October 1981
3Harike WetlandHarike, Punjab23 March 1990
4Loktak LakeBishnupur, Manipur23 March 1990
5Sambhar LakeRajasthan23 March 1990
6Wular LakeJammu and Kashmir23 March 1990
7Kanjli WetlandKapurthala Punjab22 January 2002
8Ropar WetlandRopar, Punjab22 January 2002
9Ashtamudi WetlandKollam district, Kerala19 August 2002
10Bhitarkanika MangrovesOdisha India19 August 2002
11Bhoj WetlandBhopal, Madhya Pradesh19 August 2002
12Deepor BeelGuwahati, Assam19 August 2002
13East Kolkata WetlandsKolkata West Bengal19 August 2002
14Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh19 August 2002
15Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu19 August 2002
16Pong Dam LakeKangra, Himachal Pradesh19 August 2002
17Sasthamkotta LakeKollam, Kerala19 August 2002
18TsomoririLadakh19 August 2002
19Vembanad-Kol WetlandKerala19 August 2002
20Chandra TaalLahul, Himachal Pradesh8 November 2005
21Hokera WetlandZainakote, Jammu and Kashmir8 November 2005
22Renuka LakeSimaur, Himachal Pradesh8 November 2005
23Rudrasagar LakeMelaghar, Tripura, India8 November 2005
24Surinsar-Mansar LakesJammu and Kashmir8 November 2005
25Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)Uttar Pradesh8 November 2005
26Nalsarovar Bird SanctuaryAhmedabad, Gujarat24 September 2012
27Sundarban WetlandWest Bengal1 February 2019
28Nandur MadhameshwarNashik, Maharashtra21 June 2019
29Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryUnnao, Uttar Pradesh19 September 2019
30Sarsai Nawar JheelEtawah, Uttar Pradesh19 September 2019
31Beas Conservation ReserveHarike Punjab26 September 2019
32Keshopur-Miani Community ReservePunjab26 September 2019
33Nangal Wildlife SanctuaryNangal, Punjab26 September 2019
34Sandi Bird SanctuaryHardoi, Uttar Pradesh26 September 2019
35Samaspur Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh3 October 2019
36Parvati Aranga Bird SanctuaryGonda, Uttar Pradesh2 December 2019
37Saman Bird SanctuaryMainpuri, Uttar Pradesh2 December 2019
38Asan BarrageUttarakhand21 July 2020
39Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal LakeBegusarai, Bihar21 July 2020
40Sur SarovarAgra, Uttar Pradesh13 November 2020
41Lonar LakeBuldhana, Maharashtra13 November 2020
42Tso KarLeh, Ladakh17 November 2020
43Bhindawas Wildlife SanctuaryHaryana14 August 2021
44Sultanpur National ParkHaryana14 August 2021
45Thol Lake Wildlife SanctuaryGujarat14 August 2021
46Wadhvana WetlandGujarat14 August 2021
47Haiderpur WetlandUttar Pradesh9 December 2021
48Khijadiya wildlife sanctuaryGujarat2 February 2022
49Bakhira wildlife sanctuaryUttar Pradesh2 February 2022
50Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve ForestTamil Nadu26 July 2022
51Kaikill Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu26 July 2022
52Pichavaram MangroveTamil Nadu26 July 2022
53Pala wetlandMizoram26 July 2022
54Sakhya SagarMadhya Pradesh26 July 2022
55Tampara LakeOdisha13th August 2022
56Hirakud ReservoirOdisha13th August 2022
57Ansupa LakeOdisha13th August 2022
58Yashwant SagarMadhya Pradesh13th August 2022
59Chitrangudi Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu13th August 2022
60Suchindram Theroor Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu13th August 2022
61Vaduvur Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu13th August 2022
62Kanjirankulam Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu13th August 2022
63Thane CreekMaharashtra13th August 2022
64Hygam Wetland Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir13th August 2022
65Shallbugh Wetland Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir13th August 2022
66Koonthankulam Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu4th August 2022
67Udhayamarthandapuram Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu4th August 2022
68Vedanthangal Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu4th August 2022
69Vellode Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu4th August 2022
70Vembannur Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu4th August 2022
71Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere ReserveTamil Nadu4th August 2022
72Sirpur wetlandMadhya Pradesh4th August 2022
73Ranganathituu BSKarnataka4th August 2022
74Nanda LakeGoa4th August 2022
75Satkosia GorgeOdisha4th August 2022

Ramsar Sites Meaning

Ramsar Sites in India are wetlands that are designated as such under the Ramsar Convention. It is an intergovernmental environmental treaty related to conserving wetlands and prudent sustainable use of the resources. This treaty was signed at Ramsar, a city in Iran. The convention for Wetlands in India works on three pillars that define the purpose of the Ramsar sites:

  1. To work towards the wise use of all wetlands.
  2. Designate suitable wetlands for the Wetlands of International Importance list and ensure their effective management.
  3. Cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems, and shared species.

Features of Ramsar Sites in India

The Ramsar Convention believes in putting a stop to the universal loss of wetlands and preserving them through judicious use and administration of those that remain. International cooperation, policy-making, capacity building, and technology transfer are behind all this.

  • The insertion of a Ramsar Site in the List symbolizes the government's assurance to take the steps required to sustain its environmental temperament.
  • There are nine criteria for identifying wetlands of international importance, especially those providing waterfowl habitat.

Significance of Ramsar Sites in India

The Ramsar Convention is unique in that it remains the only global convention, the objective of which is to protect and conserve a particular type of ecosystem including plant and animal life (in particular waterfowl), all needing support in the wetland. 

  • The mission of the Ramsar Convention is the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local, regional, and national actions and international cooperation to achieve sustainable development worldwide.
  • Ramsar Convention via Ramsar Sites in India has two-fold objectives, viz. Preservation and sustainable use of wetlands bring to a standstill the intrusion and loss of wetlands. It is not a legally binding treaty and is not a part of UN & UNESCO conventions.

Ramsar Sites in India 2023 Highlights

Ramsar sites in India are the major safeguarded sites in the country. International Wetland Day is marked every year on 2 February. Ramsar Convention act operates in partnership with agencies like Birdlife International, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Wetlands International, International Water Management Institute (IWMI), WWF International, and Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT).

Below mentioned are some highlights of the Ramsar Sites in India.

Ramsar Site Highlight

Details

Total Wetlands in India 2023

There are 75 wetlands in India as Ramsar sites. 

Largest Ramsar Site in India

Sunderbans Wetland in West Bengal with areas of 4230 ha.

Smallest Ramsar Sites in India

Vembannur Wetland Complex in Tamil Nadu, which is 0.2 ha. 

1st Ramsar site of India

Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan

State with highest Ramsar Sites in India

Tamil Nadu has 14 Ramsar sites in India, making it the state with the highest wetlands. 

Ramsar Sites in India UPSC

Ramsar Sites in India are an important topic from environment and ecology that helps answer questions on environmental concerns, actions, issues, etc. The knowledge about the same, along with the methods to conserve by the government, can be learned by referring to the Geography Book for UPSC as well as NCERT Books for UPSC. One can download these books to study for the exams and make their mark.

Ramsar Sites UPSC Question

Candidates should read the relevant facts and the list about the Ramsar sites and the Ramsar convention for UPSC Exam preparation. Objective-type questions based on the Ramsar Sites can be included in the UPSC Prelims Question Paper.

Prelims 2019 Question - Consider the following statements:

  1. Under Ramsar Convention, it is mandatory on the part of the Government of India to protect and conserve all the wetlands in the Indian territory.
  2. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 were framed by the Government of India based on the recommendation of the Ramsar Convention.
  3. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 also encompass the drainage area or catchment regions of the wetlands as determined by the authority.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Answer - C

Other Important UPSC Notes

El-Nino

Non-Cooperation Movement

MPLADS

Goods and Services Tax (GST)

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

G7 Summit

Jet Streams

Biotechnology

Quit India Movement

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Inner Line Permit

Right to Information Act

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FAQs on Ramsar Sites in India

  • The total Ramsar sites in India 2023 is 75 after the latest addition of 11 wetlands. Ramsar Sites in India are declared under the Ramsar Convention, established by UNESCO in 1971. Ramsar Convention was signed with the purpose of making wise use of the wetlands.

  • A total of 11 Ramsar Sites in India have been added. The list of latest Ramsar Sites are:

    • Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh
    • Ansupa Lake, Odisha
    • Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex, Tamil Nadu
    • Hirakud Reservoir, Odisha
    • Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
    • Thane Creek, Maharashtra
    • Tampara Lake, Odisha
    • Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir
    • Yashwant Sagar, Odisha
    • Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
    • Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve, Jammu and Kashmir
  • There are 10 wetlands in India as Ramsar sites. The list of Ramsar sites in Uttar Pradesh are:

    • Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary
    • Haiderpur Wetland
    • Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary
    • Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary
    • Saman Bird Sanctuary
    • Samaspur Bird Sanctuary
    • Sandi Bird Sanctuary
    • Sarsai Nawar Jheel
    • Sur Sarovar
    • Upper Ganga River
  • Tamil Nadu has the highest number of Ramsar Sites in India 2023 with 14 wetlands. The Ramsar sites in TN are as follows:

    1. Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary
    2. Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve
    3. Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary
    4. Karikili Bird Sanctuary
    5. Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary
    6. Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest
    7. Pichavaram Mangrove
    8. Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary
    9. Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex
    10. Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary
    11. Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary
    12. Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
    13. Vellode Bird Sanctuary
    14. Vembannur Wetland Complex
  • Two of the Ramsar Sites in Rajasthan are Keoladeo Ghana NP and Sambhar Lake. Menar in Udaipur district is selected to be declared as Rajasthan's new wetland.

  • Chilika Lake in the Puri, Khurda, and Ganjam districts of Odisha is recognized as the first Ramsar Site of India. It was designated the label of the Ramsar site in India on 1st October 1981. It covers an area of approximately 1,165 km².

  • Khijadia Bird Sanctuary in Gujarat is regarded as the 49th Ramsar sites in India. It is found in the Gulf of Kutch area. Greater than 300 migratory birds visit the sanctuary. It has freshwater marshes, freshwater lakes, and saltwater marshlands.

  • Renuka Wetland (Area – 20 ha) in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest wetland in India. It is followed by Chander Taal wet and (0.49 sq km), Himachal Pradesh. In contrast, Sundarbans, West Bengal, is the largest Ramsar site in India by area.

  • Candidates can download the Ramsar sites in India PDF from here. The PDF includes both the total number of Ramsar sites and the complete list state-wise.

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