Bird Sanctuary in India – List of Famous and Largest Bird Sanctuaries

By Balaji

Updated on: February 17th, 2023

Bird sanctuary in India is a naturally protected area responsible for conserving and protecting native bird species in the country. Famous bird sanctuaries in India preserve different species by providing them with natural habitats to stimulate adequate survival and boost breeding. Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) stated that roughly 72 bird sanctuary in India contains approximately 1210 bird species.

The list of bird sanctuary in India remains under legal protection so that human involvement does not impact the wildlife there. Along with the bird sanctuary in India, the wildlife sanctuary serves to be a prominent tourist destination. Bird sanctuaries are well-known due to weather change influence and the tourism industry. For illustration, the first bird sanctuary of Kerela, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in India, faced a lot of tourism-brought crises. In this article, walk through the famous bird sanctuary in India state-wise, and learn in-depth information about the 5 largest bird sanctuaries in India.

Table of content

  • 1. Major Bird Sanctuaries in India (more)
  • 2. List of Bird Sanctuaries In India (State-Wise) (more)
  • 3. 5 Important Bird Sanctuaries in India (more)
  • 4. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary – Largest Bird Sanctuary in India (more)
  • 5. Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary – Famous Bird Sanctuary in India (more)
  • 6. Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary in India (more)
  • 7. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary in India (more)
  • 8. Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in India (more)
  • 9. Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary UPSC (more)

Major Bird Sanctuaries in India

Almost all the bird sanctuaries in India remain open from morning to evening throughout the year. The best time to explore any bird sanctuary in India is during the winter, though the breeding season for most species varies between June and September. The season lets visitors perceive colorful, lively, and rare migratory birds. Here is the list of the best bird sanctuary in India state-wise, comprising mixed species of birds who migrate from junctions of the world.

List of Bird Sanctuaries In India (State-Wise)

Look at the list of states and their bird sanctuaries discovered in India. An interesting thing to note is: The biggest bird sanctuary in India is the Bharatpur bird sanctuary, whereas the first bird sanctuary in India is Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary.


Bird Sanctuary of India

Andhra Pradesh

Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary

Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary

Kondakarla Ava Bird Sanctuary

Manjira Bird Sanctuary

Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary

Uppalapadu Bird Sanctuary

Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

Kolleru Bird Sanctuary

Atapaka Bird Sanctuary

Rollapadu Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary


Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary


Okhla Bird Sanctuary

Najafgarh drain bird sanctuary


Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary


Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary

Wachana Bird Sanctuary

Porbandar Bird Sanctuary

Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary

Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary

Kutch Bustard Sanctuary


Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary

Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary

Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary

Himachal Pradesh

Kais Wildlife Sanctuary


Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary

Pong Dam Lake WLS (declared as a Bird Sanctuary In 1983)


Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary


Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary


Adichanchunagiri Wildlife Sanctuary

Gudavi Bird Sanctuary

Bonal Bird Sanctuary

Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary

Magadi Bird Sanctuary

Attiveri Bird Sanctuary

Bankapur Peacock Conservation Reserve (Bird)

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary

Kaggaladu Bird Sanctuary

Kokkare Bellur Community Reserve (Bird)


Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary


Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Madhya Pradesh

Karera Bustard Sanctuary

Ghatigaon Bustard Sanctuary

Sardarpur Kharmor (Lesser Florican) Sanctuary

Sailana Kharmor (Lesser Florican) Sanctuary


Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird Sanctuary

Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary

Karnala Bird Sanctuary

Mayani Bird Sanctuary

Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary

Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary


Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary


Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan Sanctuary


Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary

Nalabana Bird Sanctuary


Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary


Keoladeo National Park/Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Tal Chhapar Sanctuary

Desert National Park

Tamil Nadu

Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary

Thiruppudai- Maruthur Conservation Reserve (Bird)

Ariyakulam Bird Sanctuary

Vaduvoor Lake Bird Sanctuary

Point Calimere Bird Sanctuary

Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

Udayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary

Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary

Vellode Birds Sanctuary

Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary

Suchindram Theroor Birds Sanctuary


Kitam Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

Sandi Bird Sanctuary

Samaspur Sanctuary

Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary

Saman Sanctuary

Okhla Sanctuary

Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary

Bakhira Sanctuary

Patna Bird Sanctuary

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary


Asan Barrage Bird Sanctuary

Jhilmil Jheel Conservation Reserve (Bird)

Uttar Pradesh

Thasrana Bird Sanctuary (Dhanauri Wetlands)

West Bengal

Rasikbill Bird Sanctuary

Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary

Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary/Kulik Bird Sanctuary

Kulik Bird Sanctuary (Raiganj WLS)

The Great Indian Bustard, including its characteristics, habitat, and top GIB national parks, by clicking on the link provided.

5 Important Bird Sanctuaries in India

Listed below is the basic information about the top bird sanctuaries in India, the best months to visit them, their location, bird species found there, and their open timings. Get the complete details of the largest bird sanctuary, the most famous bird sanctuary in India, and other details related to the bird sanctuaries. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is attributed to be the largest bird sanctuary in India. Here is the list of bird sanctuaries in India-

  • Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary
  • Chilika Bird Sanctuary
  • Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
  • Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary – Largest Bird Sanctuary in India

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is also referred to as Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur bird sanctuary is among the largest bird sanctuaries in India. This avifauna sanctuary in Rajasthan, containing similar kinds of birds of a region or environment, is declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a protected sanctuary.

  • This bird sanctuary is a dwelling of more than 360 bird species.
  • The largest sanctuary in India also contains other animal species like Boar, Sambar, Nilgai, and Chital.
  • It is a delightful site for nature enthusiasts and wildlife fans.
About the Largest Bird Sanctuary in India

Visiting Timings

8 am – 5 pm


Bharatpur, Rajasthan

Birds Species Found

Cranes, shanks, stints, larks, wagtails, hawks, warblers, wheatears, flycatchers, pelicans, geese, ducks, eagles, buntings, and pipits

Best Visiting Months

August, October, November and February

Ticket Price

  • INR 50 per person for Indians
  • INR 100 for rickshaw rides
  • INR 400 per person for foreigners

Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary – Famous Bird Sanctuary in India

The most famous bird sanctuary in India is Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary, found near Solapur and possesses a vast population of Indian bustards. The exotic birds that stop here in this sanctuary for a break make the place a famous bird sanctuary.

  • The months from August to January are known as the Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary, as these are the best months to visit this place.
  • Other fauna species found in this sanctuary are wolves, common mongoose, and Indian foxes.
About the Famous Bird Sanctuary in India- Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary

Visiting Timings

6 am – 6 pm


Nannaj, Maharashtra

Birds Species Found

Indian bustard, laughing love, shikra, spot-billed duck, grey francolin, and snake eagle

Best Visiting Months

October – January

Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary in India

The biggest brackish water lake in India, Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary in India, contains more than 260 migratory species of birds that move from Ladakh, the Himalayas, the Caspian Sea, the Aral Sea, Russia, Mongolia, etc., to this sanctuary every year.

  • Several birds arrive at this bird sanctuary for breeding and stay for months.
  • Chilika Lake is utilized as a fishing zone, and saltpans are discovered near the coasts.
  • The area has many other fauna species, including crabs, crustaceans, limbless lizards, prawns, and Irrawaddy dolphins.

About Chilika Bird Sanctuary

Visiting Timings

08:00 A.M. to 05:00 P.M.


Nalaban, Odisha

Birds Species Found

Flamingos, Geese, Eagles

Best Visiting Months

October to March

Ticket Price

Free entry

Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary in India

The most famous bird sanctuary in India, covering an area of 1.43 sq. km., is Sultanpur bird sanctuary in Haryana. During winters, many migratory birds fly from Siberia, Eastern Europe, Turkey, and Russia to here. More than 250 species of regional birds are seen here, and more than 100 species emigrate during various times of the year.

About Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary

Visiting Timings

6 am – 4:30 pm


Gurgaon Farukh Nagar Rd, Sultanpur, Gurugram, Haryana

Birds Species Found

Black-necked stork, white-throated kingfisher, rock pigeon, rose-ringed parakeet, great egret, red collared dove, cattle egret, laughing dove Indian roller, red wattled lapwing, common mynah, etc.

Best Visiting Months

October to February

Ticket Price

  • INR 5 per person for Indians
  • INR 40 per person for foreigners

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in India

Thattekad is the first bird sanctuary in Kerala, India. It constitutes an evergreen lowland forest by the banks of the Periyar river. One of the renowned ornithologists, Salim Ali, described the sanctuary as the “richest bird habitat in the Indian peninsula,” consisting of vibrant bird varieties.

About Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Visiting Timings

6 am – 6 pm


Kothamangalam-Pooyamkutty Road, Nyayapally PO, Thattekad, Kerala

Birds Species Found

Indian pitta, cormorant, Indian cuckoo, Jordan’s nightjar, Orange-headed thrush, large-billed leaf warbler, and oriental darter

Best Visiting Months

November – February

Ticket Price

INR 10 per person

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary UPSC

The Ranganthittu bird sanctuary is also renowned to be the Pakshi Kashi of Karnataka. It is located in the Mandya district of Karnataka. It witnesses floods during heavy rainfall in the monsoon season. Approximately 170 bird species have been marked to be existing in the Ranganathittu bird sanctuary in Karnataka. It was accredited as the Ramsar site in 2022. There was a numerous number of flora and fauna that are present in the sanctuary. This holds immense global importance.

Important Notes for UPSC
Nine Gems of Akbar State Reorganisation Commission
Which State Gives the Highest Numbers of Civil Services Success? Permanent Settlement System
Panchsheel Agreement Regional Parties in India
Our Apps Playstore
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium