Bird Sanctuary in India – List of Famous and Largest Bird Sanctuaries

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Bird sanctuary in India is a naturally protected area responsible for conserving and protecting native bird species in the country. Famous bird sanctuaries in India preserve different species by providing them with natural habitats to stimulate adequate survival and boost breeding. Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) stated that roughly 72 bird sanctuaries in India contain approximately 1210 bird species.

The list of bird sanctuaries in India remains under legal protection so that human involvement does not impact the wildlife there. Along with the bird sanctuary in India, the wildlife sanctuary serves to be a prominent tourist destination. Bird sanctuaries are well-known due to weather change influence and the tourism industry. For illustration, the first bird sanctuary of Kerela, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in India, faced a lot of tourism-brought crises. In this article, walk through the famous bird sanctuary in India state-wise, and learn in-depth information about the 5 largest bird sanctuaries in India.

Major Bird Sanctuaries in India

Almost all the bird sanctuaries in India remain open from morning to evening throughout the year. The best time to explore any bird sanctuary in India is during the winter, though the breeding season for most species varies between June and September. The season lets visitors perceive colorful, lively, and rare migratory birds. Here is the list of the best bird sanctuaries in India state-wise, comprising mixed species of birds who migrate from junctions of the world.

List of Bird Sanctuaries in India (State-Wise)

Look at the list of states and their bird sanctuaries discovered in India. An interesting thing to note is: The biggest bird sanctuary in India is the Bharatpur bird sanctuary, whereas the first bird sanctuary in India is Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary.

State Bird Sanctuary of India
Andhra Pradesh Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary
Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary
Kondakarla Ava Bird Sanctuary
Manjira Bird Sanctuary
Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary
Uppalapadu Bird Sanctuary
Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary
Kolleru Bird Sanctuary
Atapaka Bird Sanctuary
Rollapadu Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary
Bihar Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary
Delhi Okhla Bird Sanctuary
Najafgarh drain bird sanctuary
Goa Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
Gujarat Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary
Wachana Bird Sanctuary
Porbandar Bird Sanctuary
Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary
Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary
Kutch Bustard Sanctuary
Haryana Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary
Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary
Himachal Pradesh Kais Wildlife Sanctuary
Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary
Pong Dam Lake WLS (declared as a Bird Sanctuary In 1983)
Jharkhand Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary
Karnataka Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary
Adichanchunagiri Wildlife Sanctuary
Gudavi Bird Sanctuary
Bonal Bird Sanctuary
Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary
Magadi Bird Sanctuary
Attiveri Bird Sanctuary
Bankapur Peacock Conservation Reserve (Bird)
Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary
Kaggaladu Bird Sanctuary
Kokkare Bellur Community Reserve (Bird)
Kerala Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary
Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary
Thattekad Bird Sanctuary
Madhya Pradesh Karera Bustard Sanctuary
Ghatigaon Bustard Sanctuary
Sardarpur Kharmor (Lesser Florican) Sanctuary
Sailana Kharmor (Lesser Florican) Sanctuary
Maharashtra Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird Sanctuary
Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary
Karnala Bird Sanctuary
Mayani Bird Sanctuary
Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary
Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary
Mizoram Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary
Nagaland Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan Sanctuary


Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary
Nalabana Bird Sanctuary
Punjab Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary
Rajasthan Keoladeo National Park/Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Tal Chhapar Sanctuary
Desert National Park
Tamil Nadu Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary
Thiruppudai- Maruthur Conservation Reserve (Bird)
Ariyakulam Bird Sanctuary
Vaduvoor Lake Bird Sanctuary
Point Calimere Bird Sanctuary
Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary
Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
Udayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary
Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary
Vellode Birds Sanctuary
Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary
Suchindram Theroor Birds Sanctuary
Sikkim Kitam Bird Sanctuary
Uttar Pradesh Sandi Bird Sanctuary
Samaspur Sanctuary
Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary
Saman Sanctuary
Okhla Sanctuary
Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary
Bakhira Sanctuary
Patna Bird Sanctuary
Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary
Uttarakhand Asan Barrage Bird Sanctuary
Jhilmil Jheel Conservation Reserve (Bird)
Uttar Pradesh Thasrana Bird Sanctuary (Dhanauri Wetlands)
West Bengal Rasikbill Bird Sanctuary
Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary
Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary/Kulik Bird Sanctuary
Kulik Bird Sanctuary (Raiganj WLS)

5 Important Bird Sanctuaries in India

Listed below is the basic information about the top bird sanctuaries in India, the best months to visit them, their location, bird species found there, and their timings. Get the complete details of the largest bird sanctuary, the most famous bird sanctuary in India, and other details related to the bird sanctuaries. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is attributed to be the largest bird sanctuary in India. Here is the list of bird sanctuaries in India-

  • Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary
  • Chilika Bird Sanctuary
  • Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
  • Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary – Largest Bird Sanctuary in India

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is also referred to as Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur bird sanctuary is among the largest bird sanctuaries in India. This avifauna sanctuary in Rajasthan, containing similar kinds of birds of a region or environment, is declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a protected sanctuary.

  • This bird sanctuary is a dwelling of more than 360 bird species.
  • The largest sanctuary in India also contains other animal species like Boar, Sambar, Nilgai, and Chital.
  • It is a delightful site for nature enthusiasts and wildlife fans.
About the Largest Bird Sanctuary in India
Visiting Timings 8 am – 5 pm
Location Bharatpur, Rajasthan
Birds Species Found Cranes, shanks, stints, larks, wagtails, hawks, warblers, wheatears, flycatchers, pelicans, geese, ducks, eagles, buntings, and pipits
Best Visiting Months August, October, November, and February
Ticket Price INR 50 per person for Indians

INR 100 for rickshaw rides

INR 400 per person for foreigners

Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary – Famous Bird Sanctuary in India

One of the most famous bird sanctuaries in India is Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary, found near Solapur and possesses a vast population of Indian bustards. The exotic birds that stop here in this sanctuary for a break make the place a famous bird sanctuary.

  • The months from August to January are known as the Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary, as these are the best months to visit this place.
  • Other fauna species found in this sanctuary are wolves, common mongoose, and Indian foxes.
About the Famous Bird Sanctuary in India – Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary
Visiting Timings 6 am – 6 pm
Location Nannaj, Maharashtra
Birds Species Found Indian bustard, laughing love, shikra, spot-billed duck, grey francolin, and snake eagle
Best Visiting Months October – January

Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary in India

The biggest brackish water lake in India, Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary in India, contains more than 260 migratory species of birds that move from Ladakh, the Himalayas, the Caspian Sea, the Aral Sea, Russia, Mongolia, etc., to this sanctuary every year.

  • Several birds arrive at this bird sanctuary for breeding and stay for months.
  • Chilika Lake is utilized as a fishing zone, and saltpans are discovered near the coasts.
  • The area has many other fauna species, including crabs, crustaceans, limbless lizards, prawns, and Irrawaddy dolphins.
About Chilika Bird Sanctuary
Visiting Timings 08:00 A.M. to 05:00 P.M.
Location Nalaban, Odisha
Birds Species Found Flamingos, Geese, Eagles
Best Visiting Months October to March
Ticket Price Free entry

Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary in India

One of the most famous bird sanctuaries in India, covering an area of 1.43 sq. km., is Sultanpur bird sanctuary in Haryana. During winters, many migratory birds fly from Siberia, Eastern Europe, Turkey, and Russia to here. More than 250 species of regional birds are seen here, and more than 100 species emigrate during various times of the year.

About Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
Visiting Timings 6 am – 4:30 pm
Location Gurgaon Farukh Nagar Rd, Sultanpur, Gurugram, Haryana
Birds Species Found Black-necked stork, white-throated kingfisher, rock pigeon, rose-ringed parakeet, great egret, red-collared dove, cattle egret, laughing dove Indian roller, red-wattled lapwing, common mynah, etc.
Best Visiting Months October to February
Ticket Price
  • INR 5 per person for Indians
  • INR 40 per person for foreigners

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in India

Thattekad is the first bird sanctuary in Kerala, India. It constitutes an evergreen lowland forest by the banks of the Periyar River. One of the renowned ornithologists, Salim Ali, described the sanctuary as the “richest bird habitat in the Indian peninsula,” consisting of vibrant bird varieties.

About Thattekad Bird Sanctuary
Visiting Timings 6 am – 6 pm
Location Kothamangalam-Pooyamkutty Road, Nyayapally PO, Thattekad, Kerala
Birds Species Found Indian pitta, cormorant, Indian cuckoo, Jordan’s nightjar, Orange-headed thrush, large-billed leaf warbler, and oriental darter
Best Visiting Months November – February
Ticket Price INR 10 per person

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary UPSC

The Ranganthittu bird sanctuary is also renowned to be the Pakshi Kashi of Karnataka. It is located in the Mandya district of Karnataka. It witnesses floods during heavy rainfall in the monsoon season. Approximately 170 bird species have been marked to be existing in the Ranganathittu bird sanctuary in Karnataka. It was accredited as the Ramsar site in 2022. There are numerous flora and fauna that are present in the sanctuary. This holds immense global importance.

Bird Sanctuary in India UPSC

The bird sanctuary in India is an essential topic for the UPSC syllabus. Complete knowledge of the topic is important for answering the related questions in the exam. The aspirants must practise the previous year’s papers and the related topics for efficient preparation for the exam. The candidates must also refer to the recommended books for covering the topics efficiently. It is essential for you to develop a methodical strategy for covering the syllabus and solving the exam. You can also refer to the strategy utilized by UPSC toppers.

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