Which is the First Dam in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The First Dam in India is Kallanai Dam, popularly known as the Grand Anicut, established on the Kaveri River in Tamil Nadu. Kallanai Dam is also the oldest dam in India as its construction started in 100 BC and was completed in 100 AD. It is situated on the other side of the Kaveri River, which divides Tamil Nadu’s Thanjavur and Tiruchirapalli districts. The district of Thanjavur contains the dam.

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First Dam of India

At a location 20 miles (32 km) west of Kallanai, the Kaveri river divides into two. Before coming together at Kallanai, the two rivers create the island of Srirangam.

  • The Kollidam (Coleroon) channel is located in the north, while the Kaveri channel, which empties into the Bay of Bengal at Poompuhar, continues to be in the south.
  • The seaports of Nagapattinam and Karaikal are located on the seaward face of its delta.
  • The first and oldest dam in India is the Kallanai Dam. It was created in the second century AD while King Karikala Chola was in power.
  • It was also the fourth-oldest water regulation structure in the world when it was built, in addition to being the first dam in India.
  • The river Kaveri, which is about 20 kilometers from Tiruchirapalli, is where the dam was built.
  • It is still in use today and is one of the main tourist attractions.

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