Where was the First Cotton Mill in India Established?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The First Cotton Mill in India was established in Bombay in 1854. It was a spinning mill. With this, Bombay became an important port for the export of raw cotton from India to England and China. Later, cotton mills were established in Ahmedabad in 1861 and in Kanpur in 1862. The first company to produce cotton was Bombay Spinning and Weaving Company. Sir William Fairbairn designed the company. It was instituted at Tardeo by Cowaszee Nanabhoy Davar and his associates.

First Cotton Mill in India

A building that has spinning or weaving machinery to make yarn or cloth from yarn is called a cotton mill. There are more than 1500 cotton mills in India, wherein 80% are in the private sector and the rest in the public and cooperative sectors. India exports cotton to several countries, such as Russia, France, Japan, the United States, the United Kingdom, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, etc.

The first rise in the development of cotton factory production in India was during World War I. At that time, the textile imports from England declined, and Indian factories were called to fill the gap in the supply of cotton for military supplies. When the first cotton mill was introduced in India, most workers in the spinning departments were women.

  • The weaving departments comprised mostly male workers.
  • By 1900, the number of cotton mills increased in Bombay, and most of them were established by Parsi and Gujarati businessmen.
  • The cotton mill was an important product in the development of the factory system during the Industrial Revolution.

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