Neighbouring Countries of India - Complete List with Capitals, Map

By Naveen Singh|Updated : August 2nd, 2022

Neighbouring Countries of India: India is the 7th largest country in the world bounded by the Indian Ocean in the south, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Bay of Bengal in the east. It has a total land border of 15,200 Km and the total length of the Indian coastline is 7516.6 Km. There are 9 neighbouring countries of India which are Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, and Nepal.
The Neighbouring Countries of India is a very important General Awareness topic for many competitive exams in India including Defence exams. It is important for the aspirants to read this post till the end to know all about the list of neighbouring countries of India and their capitals in detail.

Table of Content

Name the Neighbouring Countries of India

There are nine neighbouring countries of India, information about them is provided in the table below. It is important to know these details while preparing for the General Awareness section of the Defence exams because it is observed that questions in the GK section come from this topic as well along with other subject areas.

Country

Border Length

Bordering States

Afghanistan

106 Km

Jammu & Kashmir (PoK)

Bangladesh

4096.7 Km

West Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura & Assam

Bhutan

699 Km

West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Assam

China

3488 Km

Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim & Arunachal Pradesh

Myanmar

1643 Km

Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram & Manipur

Nepal

1751 Km

Bihar, Uttarakhand, UP, Sikkim & West Bengal

Pakistan

3323 Km

Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan & Gujarat

Sri Lanka

Sea Border

Separated from India by Gulf of Mannar

Maldives

Sea Border

Lies in the south-west of India below the Lakshadweep Island

Note that, India has the third-largest international border in the world after Russia and China. Download the Neighbouring countries of India PDF from the direct link as follows:

Neighbouring Countries of India PDF

Neighbouring Countries of India and their Capitals

The capitals of all neighbouring countries of India are listed below. It is a piece of vital information that one must know before checking the other details about the neighbouring countries of India. Apart from these 7 countries which share the land border, Maldives and Srilanka share the sea border with India. The capital of Maldives is Male, and the Legislative and Executive capital of Srilanka is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte and Columbo respectively.

Country

Capital

Afghanistan

Kabul

Bangladesh

Dhaka

Bhutan

Thimphu

China

Beijing

Myanmar

Yangon

Nepal

Kathmandu

Pakistan

Islamabad

Neighbouring Countries of India: Important Details

Till now, you have read about the neighbouring countries of India and their capitals, borders, and border length. Now, let us talk about other important information about these countries one by one including their president, currency, languages, etc.

India and Afghanistan

Talking about the first neighbouring country of India, we have Afghanistan India has its boundaries shared. The overview of Afghanistan is as follows:

About Afghanistan

President

Office abolished

Official language

Dari and Pashto

State/Provinces

34 Provinces

Capital

Kabul

Currency

Afghan afghani

National Sport

Buzkashi

Border

Durand Line

The Bilateral relations between India & Afghanistan have been strong. India has always supported Afghanistan. It has been a strong protestor of the Taliban & has helped Afghanistan financially in improving its economy. India has built more than 200 public and private schools, sponsors over 1,000 scholarships, hosting more than 16,000 students from Afghanistan.

India has also built various infrastructure projects such as the Salma Dam, popularly known as Afghan-India Friendship Dam. With the induction of the Chabhar port & Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline (TAPI), the mutual cooperation between the two countries is expected to be strengthened.

India and Bangladesh

The next neighbouring country of India is Bangladesh which has 8 provinces. The overview of the country is as follows:

About Bangladesh

President

Abdul Hamid

Official language

Bengali

State/Provinces

8 Provinces

Capital

Dhaka

Currency

Bangladeshi Taka

National Sport

Volleyball

Border

Radcliffe Line

India & Bangladesh are interlinked culturally & Socially. The 1971 war between India and Pakistan led to Bangladesh’s creation. Since the mid-1970s, however, relations have deteriorated as Bangladesh developed closer ties with Islamic nations, participated in the Islamic Conference Organization and emphasized Islamic identity over the ethnolinguistic roots of the country.

There are many disputes some of which are - Farraka Barrage, Tin Bigha Corridor & Illegal immigration. The Bilateral trade between both countries is $10 Billion. In 2018, Bangladesh - India Friendship pipeline was inaugurated by the leaders of both countries to supply 4 lakh metric tons of diesel to Bangladesh.

India and Bhutan

Another country from the list of neighbouring countries of India is Bhutan. It has 20 states and shares its border with India. The overview of Bhutan is as follows:

About Bhutan

Name of King

Druk Gyalpo

Official language

Dzongkha

State/Provinces

20 states

Capital

Thimphu

Currency

Ngultrum

National Sport

Archery

Traditionally, the ' bilateral relations between Bhutan, the Himalayan Kingdom and the Republic of India have been close, and both countries share a ' special relationship, ' making Bhutan a protected, but not a protectorate, Indian state which was signed in 1949. Bhutan has always been a strong supporter of India, as it has supported India in Non-Aligned Movement & they unanimously stood against China during the Doklam Standoff in 2017.

A 2,000-strong Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT) is permanently based in West Bhutan to train the Royal Bhutan Army while other units cooperate regularly with the Royal Bhutan Army.

India and China

China is another neighbouring country of India which has a lot of trade business with our country. It has 26 states. The overview of China is as follows:

About China

President

Xi Jinping

Official language

Mandarin

State/Provinces

26 Provinces

Capital

Beijing

Currency

Yuan

National Sport

Table Tennis

Border

McMahon line

Although the relationship between India & China has been cordial, border disputes and economic competition between the two countries have sometimes led to strained relationships. Culturally both the countries were connected by the silk road and the exchange of Buddhism religion.

There have been 3 conflicts between India & China -1962 War, the Chola incident of 1967 & 1987 Skirmish. The 2017 Doklam standoff also led to some bitterness. Both India & China have a strong stance diplomatically as China is constantly stopping the entry of India into the UNSC. On the other hand, India does not support China’s One Belt One Road Initiative. The bilateral trade between India & China is $ 89.6 billion.

India and Myanmar

The next neighbouring country of India is Myanmar. The official language of Myanmar is Burmese. The overview of Myanmar is given below:

About Myanmar

President

Myint Swe

Official language

Burmese

Capital

Naypyidaw

Currency

Burmese Kyat

National Sport

Cannibal

Since 1993, bilateral relations between Myanmar and India have significantly improved, overcoming the tensions surrounding drug trafficking, the suppression of democracy and the rule of the military junta in Myanmar. India is Myanmar’s 4th largest export market, buying goods worth around US$ 220 million in 2000; India's exports to Myanmar amounted to US$ 75.36 million.

With infrastructure projects like India-Thailand-Myanmar Highway Road & Kaladan Multi-modal project, both countries will get an economic push. India and Myanmar have agreed to establish a 4-lane, 3200 km triangular highway linking India, Myanmar and Thailand. The route would run from the northeastern states of India to Myanmar.

The Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project will connect Kolkata with Sittwe's seaport in Myanmar by sea; it will then connect Sittwe to Lashio in Myanmar via the Kaladan riverboat route and then from Lashio to Mizoram in India by road.

India and Nepal

Nepal is another neighbouring country of India which has 7 provinces and many religious places that are often visited by Indians. The overview of Nepal is given below:

About Nepal

President

Bidhya Devi Bhandari

Official language

Nepali

State/Provinces

7 Provinces

Capital

Kathmandu

Currency

Nepalese rupee

National Sport

Volleyball

Despite the close linguistic, marital, religious and cultural ties between Indians and Nepalese people, since the end of 2015, political issues and border disputes have strained relations between the two countries. The disputes such as Kalapani and the Madhesi have led to anti-Indian sentiments in Nepal.

Nepal also supports the OBOR of China which further is a major cause of concern for India.

India and Pakistan

Another neighbouring country of India is Pakistan. Pakistan has been a part of India only for a long time before it was separated and declared a different country. There are 4 provinces in the country. The overview of Pakistan is as follows:

About Pakistan

President

Arif Alvi

Official language

Urdu, English

State/Provinces

4 Provinces

Capital

Islamabad

Currency

Pakistani Rupee

National Sport

Field Hockey

Border

Radcliffe Line

Due to a number of historical and political events, relations between India and Pakistan have always been complex and largely hostile. The two countries have fought three major wars since their independence, one undeclared war and participated in numerous armed skirmishes and military standoffs.

Numerous attempts have been made to improve the relationship—notably the Shimla summit, the Agra Summit, and the Lahore Summit. The 2016 Pathankot attacks, Uri attacks & the recent 2019 Pulwama attacks have further escalated tension between the two countries.

India and Sri Lanka

The next neighbouring country of India is Sri Lanka which is an island close to the country. Sri Lanka has 9 states. The overview of Sri Lanka is as follows:

About Sri Lanka

President

Ranil Wickremesinghe

Official language

Sinhale, Tamil

State/Provinces

9 states

Capital

Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte

Currency

Sri Lankan Rupee(LKR)

National Sport

Volleyball

Relations between India and Sri Lanka are generally positive, with only 4% of Sri Lankans claiming to have a negative view of India - the lowest of all according to a report. There have been deep-seated cultural ties between India & Sri Lanka by the spread of Hinduism & Buddhism religions.

The economic ties of India have been around $ 3.6 Billion as of 2015 with the ratification of the South Asia Free Trade Agreement.

India and Maldives

Another neighbouring country of India is the Maldives which shares the sea borders with India and has been close allies in terms of strategic, economic and military cooperation. The Maldives enjoys India's protection in case of external aggression or armed rebellion.

India provided extensive economic assistance and participated in infrastructure, health, civil aviation, telecommunications and labour resources development programmes. In terms of Military too, the two nations share good relations as both undergo military exercises. India also has gifted many ships and aircraft to the Maldivan National Defence Force.

About Maldives

Border

Sea Border

Capital

Male

Currency

Maldivian Rufiyaa

Official Language

Dhivehi

State/Province

1

International Organisation of Neighbouring Countries of India

There are some international organisations in which the neighbouring countries of India take an active part. These were formed for mutual benefit and cooperation.

Organisation

Neighbours

BRICS

China

BIMSTEC

Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka

SAARC

Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Pakistan

SCO

China, Pakistan

IORA

Bangladesh

G-20

China

Mekong-Ganga Cooperation

Myanmar

ACD

China, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal

Neighbouring countries of India Map

The map of the neighbouring countries of India is shared here in which one can easily identify the neighbouring countries without much effort.

Neighbouring Countries of India Map

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FAQs on Neighbouring Countries of India

  • The neighbouring countries of India are defined as those countries which are separated by India through land and sea borders. These countries share their borders with 1 or more Indian states, for example, Pakistan is a neighbouring country which shares its borders with Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujarat.

  • There are a total of nine neighbouring countries of India, seven of which share the land borders with India, and the remaining two (Maldives and Sri Lanka) share the sea border. The list of neighbouring countries of India is as follows: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.

  • Yes, Afghanistan is a neighbouring country of India with a border length of 106 km. It shares its borders with Jammu & Kashmir. The capital of Afghanistan is Kabul, it has 34 provinces having a total area of 6,52,230 sq km.

  • The largest neighbouring country of India is China which shares its border with Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh. The capital of China is Beijing and its border length is 3488 Km.

  • As of 2022, there are nine neighbouring countries of India which are as follows: Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Maldives, China, and Bangladesh. Out of these Sri Lanka and Maldives is separated from India by a sea border and the remaining 7 countries share land borders with India.

  • The neighbouring country of India which has the longest border with our country is Bangladesh. It has a border length of 4096.7 Km with India shared with West Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, and Assam.

  • The neighbouring country of India which has the shortest border with our country is Afghanistan. It has a border length of 106 Km with India which makes it the shortest border followed by Bhutan and Myanmar.

  • Yes, Sri Lanka is one of the neighbouring countries of India having a sea border connected with our country. The official languages spoken in this country are Sinhala and Tamil.

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