How to Solve Syllogism in Bank Exams? Important Tips & Tricks

By Amrit Gouda|Updated : September 2nd, 2022

Syllogism is an important topic that is asked in the exams under the Reasoning Ability Section of Bank exams. You will definitely get 4-5 Syllogism questions in the upcoming IBPS Clerk, IBPS PO, and SBI PO Prelims 2022 Exam.

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Some students skip this chapter due to a lack of conceptual clarity. But with a little bit of effort and practice, you can easily attempt these questions with 100% accuracy in the exam hall.

You can expect around 4-5 questions from this chapter in almost all the preliminary as well as main phases of bank exams. Let's discuss the tips and tricks to solve the syllogism questions for the upcoming banking exams of 2022.

Table of Content

What is a Syllogism?

A logical argument in which the conclusion is derived from the truth of two (or more) premises is known as a syllogism. A deductive argument progresses from general to specific, while an inductive argument progresses from specific to general.

Importance of Syllogism in Bank Exams

  • You can expect 4-5 questions in prelims as well in the mains exam.
  • In mains, you can expect slightly difficult pattern questions from this chapter.
  • With proper practice of Bank mock tests and conceptual clarity, you can easily solve these questions.

Today we will discuss Syllogism (based on the new pattern). First, we will understand the basics of syllogism, How the Venn Diagram can be drawn for both Definite and Possibility cases? Make sure to go through the article thoroughly -

 

Affirmative (+)

Negative (-)

Universal

All A are B

No A are B

Particular

Some A are B

Some A are not B

Tips & Tricks to Solve Syllogism Questions in Bank Exams

Case I: Universal Affirmative
All A are B
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Set A is a subset of B
Can’t infer that “Some B are not A” (from diagram 1.2).
It is different from “All B are A”.

You can practice the most expected syllogism questions asked in Bank exams with the Bank Test Series designed by the experts of BYJU'S Exam Prep.


Case II: Universal negative
No A are B
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Two sets, A and B do not overlap each other in this case.
It is same as “No B are A”.
It can be also written as “All A are not B” and “ All B are not A”.
Case III: Particular Affirmative
Some A are B

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There is at least one element that is both in set A and B.
Can’t infer that “Some A are not B”.
It is the same as “Some B are A”.

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Case IV: Particular Negative
Some A are not B

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There is at least one element(Shaded portion) in set A that is not a part of set B.
Can’t infer that “Some A are B’.
It is different from “Some B is not A”.
In this type there are two types of conclusions, one is the definite conclusion and another one is the possible conclusion. In case of, a definite conclusion you must draw a basic diagram (i.e. Minimum overlapping) and for the possible conclusion, you have to check all possible cases. 
Now, let's understand this from examples:
Statements:
(1)Some Cakes are Roses   (2)All Roses are Trucks
(3)No Trucks are Bricks (4)At least some Bricks are Hotels
Conclusions:
(1)Some Trucks are Cakes
(2)Some Bricks are Roses
(3)All Cakes are Trucks
(4)Some Hotels are Cakes
Solution: First, you should draw basic diagrams.
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Now, we can see that
Conclusion1 is true. As Cakes and Trucks are intersecting each other.
Conclusion2: There is no relation mentioned between Bricks and Roses. So, we can’t comment about it.
Conclusion3: Intersection of Trucks and Cakes is due to Roses. We can’t comment about all Cakes.
Conclusion4: There is no relation mentioned between Hotels and Cars. So, we can’t comment about it.
Hence, Conclusion 1 follows.

You can check other Reasoning Ability study materials here:

S.No

Topics

1

Reverse Syllogism

3

Coding-Decoding

4

Order & ranking

5

Basics of Inequality

6

Blood Relations

7

Direction Sense

8

Input-Output

9

Data Sufficiency

10

Statement & assumption

11

Basics of Puzzles 

12

Ranks of Alphabets

Syllogism Possibility Cases in Bank Exams

In the case of Possibility cases, we have to infer all possible cases which can be possible. In exams, you don’t need to draw a diagram for each and every possible case. In this, the basic and definite condition should not be changed.
Statements:
(1) All Locks are Doors
(2) All Doors are Bags
(3) Some Tickets are not Doors
(4) All Tickets are Keys.
Conclusions:
(1)Some Locks are not Tickets
(2)Some Tickets are not Bags
(3)All Locks being Tickets is a possibility.
(4)All Keys being Doors is a possibility.
Solution:
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In Statement 3 Some Tickets are not Doors, it is Case IV (Particular Negative).
Conclusion1: We can’t comment about this because there is more than one possible case and it is a basic statement.
Conclusion2: There is no mention of relation to this also. We can not comment about it too.
Conclusion3: It is a possible conclusion, we can see that in the below diagram it has not violated the basic condition that "Some Tickets are not Doors(Dotted line portion of Tickets are not Doors)" and followed all statements given. So, it is true.
But if it has not been a 'possibility conclusion, this conclusion does not follow will be our answer

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In Conclusion 4, From the below possible diagram, we can see that “All Ticket are Keys” also all Tickets are Doors. So it is violating the basic condition that “Some Tickets are not Doors”.
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Hence, only conclusion 3 follows.

Expert Tips to Prepare Syllogism:

  • Go through some previous year's question papers of major Bank exams to know the type and level of questions asked.
  • Watch the concept sessions on BYJU'S Exam Prep app.
  • Practice quizzes and mock tests to test yourself.
  • Analyze and revise where you lack.
  • Give special emphasis to a few, only a few type questions.
  • Practice is the only key to achieving expertise in this chapter.

Attempt Reasoning Ability quizzes from the below link -

Reasoning Ability Quiz

The chapter can be useful for the following exams:

S. No.

Name of the exam

1

SBI Clerk

2

 SBI PO

3

IBPS Clerk

4

IBPS PO

5

 IBPS RRB

6

RBI Assistant

7

 RBI Grade-B

8

 NABARD Grade-A

10

 SBI Apprentice

12

 LIC AAO

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FAQs

  • A logical argument in which the conclusion is derived from the truth of two (or more) premises is known as a syllogism.

  • You can expect 4-5 questions in prelims as well in the mains exam. In mains, you can expect slightly difficult pattern questions from this chapter. With proper practice and conceptual clarity, you can easily solve these questions.

  • You can practice Syllogism questions at BYJU'S Exam Prep app or website.

  • You can expect around 4-5 questions from this chapter in almost all the preliminary as well main phases of bank exams.

PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

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