What is IPS Officer?
IPS full form is Indian Police Service which is one of the three All India Services. The selection of IPS officers is done based on their ranks in the UPSC exam which is conducted on an annual basis to recruit candidates for civil services. An IPS officer is the one who provides the command to the state and union territories' police forces, CAPFs, National Security Guards (NSG), National Investigative Agency (NIA), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), and other such forces.
Who can become IPS Officer?
One can become an IPS officer if he or she knows about the eligibility criteria of the exam. Before you begin your preparation, you must understand the eligibility details mentioned below which include age limit criteria, physical requirements, nationality, and IPS officer qualification.
- The minimum height for women is 150 cm.
- The minimum height for men is 165 cm.
- The minimum chest girth of women and men is 84 cm and 79 cm.
- Myopia should not exceed minus 4.00D.
- Hyper myopia should not exceed plus 4.00D.
- Must have a minimum age of 21 years.
- Should have a maximum age of 32 years on the 1st of August in the year of examination.
Should be a citizen of India, a subject of Nepal, a Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962, for permanent settlement in India, or Migrants from any of the following countries for the permanent settlement in India- Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, and many more.
IPS Officer Qualification
The minimum qualification required to become an IPS officer is a graduation degree from a recognized university. All those who have appeared for the final year exams and waiting for their final result can also apply for the exam.
It is important for candidates to check the IPS officer qualification beforehand to avoid the cancellation of the application form at later stages.
How to become IPS Officer?
To become an IPS officer, a candidate must pass the Civil Services Examination held by the Union Public Services Examination. We all know that around 8 lakh candidates apply every year but only a handful of candidates become IPS officers.
Go through the below steps to know how to become an IPS officer:
- Apply for UPSC Exam - IPS Officer Exam
- Effective preparation - It is important to ensure that you are fully prepared for the IPS exam.
- Give the UPSC Prelims exam
- Give the UPSC Mains exam
- Go for the Personal Interview
After the interview, the Commission announces the final merit list based on the Mains exam and interview results.
Apply to UPSC: The first and foremost step to becoming an IPS officer is to apply for the Civil Services Examination by completing the UPSC application form released by the Union Public Services Commission every year. The candidates will be informed about the IPS Exam through various famous newspapers such as Rozgar Samachar, Employment news, and many more.
IPS Preparation: The Civil Services Examination consists of three stages such as-
- Preliminary Examination: The first part of the IPS officer exam is a preliminary exam. The total number of marks assigned for the prelims exam is 400 marks which are divided into two papers. Both the papers will be objective types that are multiple-choice questions. It is the qualifying exam for the final exam. After clearing the prelims exam, you can appear for the Mains examination.
- Mains Examination: The second part of the UPSC exam is the Mains examination. This exam can only be taken if you have cleared the prelims examination. The exam paper is of a descriptive type.
- Personal Interview: Once you have cleared the Mains exam, the candidate is then eligible to appear for the interview or personality test round where the general knowledge, subject knowledge, mental ability, and critical thinking skills of the candidate are assessed.
What to study to become an IPS Officer?
For effective preparation, many candidates have doubts about what to study to become an IPS officer. Check the books mentioned below to efficiently prepare for the IPS officer exam.
History & Indian Culture
A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir
‘Ancient India’ by RS Sharma (Old NCERT)
History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra (Old NCERT)
1.‘Facets of Indian Culture’ by Spectrum
2. Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania
1. Certificate Physical and Human Geography
2. Maps Oxford School Atlas
India: Physical Environment (NCERT)
1. Fundamentals of Human Geography (NCERT)
2. Certificate Physical And Human Geography
1. India People and Economy (NCERT)
2. Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
Indian Polity by Laxmikanth
Daily, Monthly & Weekly Current Affairs
Science & Tech
Science & Tech
2. Daily Newspapers
3. ISRO website
Environment & Ecology
Environment & Ecology
1. Recent Events on Climate change through Newspapers
2. NIOS Study Materials
What Subjects are Required to Become an IPS Officer?
In order to become an IPS Officer, you are required to qualify for the IPS exam conducted by the UPSC. There are no specific subjects or streams defined to become an IPS Officer. The Civil Service Examination requires knowledge in subjects such as history, geography, politics, science and technology, and many other subjects.
UPSC Prelims paper 1 syllabus includes the following subjects:
- History - Ancient, Medieval, Modern History along with Post Independence History
- Indian Polity and governance
- Indian and World Geography
- Economic and Social Development
- General Science
UPSC Prelims paper 2 syllabus includes the following subjects:
- Interpersonal Skills and Communication Skills
- Basic English Comprehension Skills
- Decision-making skills and problem-solving skills
- Basic numeracy
- General mental ability
The UPSC Mains Exam consists of 7 papers including various subjects. Check the details below.
Essay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)
General Studies – 1 (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)
General Studies – 2 (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)
General Studies – 3 (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)
General Studies – 4 (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)
Optional Subject – Paper 1
Optional Subject – Paper 2
IPS Officer Training
After you clear the entrance exam and become an IPS officer, you have to complete the mandatory training at LBSNAA and SVPNPA.
IPS Officer Training: Once the candidate qualifies all the three stages of the Civil Services Examination, including prelims, mains, and interviews, the top rankers are then acknowledged as IPS probationers and are forwarded to Sardar Vallabhai Patel Police Academy for a year. At this time, probationers undergo strict physical training and are taught all aspects of policing and administration. Following successful training, the IPS officers are then placed as per the requirements of the state and the central government in policy and investigative organizations.
Roles and Responsibilities of an IPS Officer
The IPS Officer come under the Ministry of Home Affairs. Now, we will see the roles and responsibilities of an IPS officer:
- Performs Border functions and responsibilities such as Counter-terrorism, Border policing.
- Protecting civil peace and order like Crime restrictions.
- Maintains Anti-smuggling and narcotics trafficking and VIP safety.
- It also controls disasters such as Biodiversity and security/implementation of environmental laws.
- You must serve as HoDs in policymaking in the Ministries and Departments of Central and State Governments, Public sector undertakings (PSUs) both at the centre and in states.
- You are supposed to interact and coordinate closely with Other All India Services, The Indian Army. and Armed Forces in general.