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IPS Officer Ranks: Post List, IPS Promotion Chart, Hierarchy, 3 Star Police Rank

By Balaji

Updated on: May 23rd, 2023

IPS Officer Ranks are provided to candidates selected through the UPSC Exam or promoted by the state cadres. The IPS Post List nearly has around 10 ranks that are allotted to the IPS Officers. The juniormost IPS Rank is of the Assistant Superintendent of Police, given to the probationary IPS. The Deputy Superintendent of Police is the 3 Star Police Rank.

The article focuses on the IPS Officer Ranks, the IPS Star on Shoulder, their ranks, and related insignia. Candidates who wish to become an IPS Officer must go through the article once to understand the essence of the service.

IPS Officer Ranks

There are a total of 8 posts available in the IPS rank list which starts from the entry-level Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP) and goes up to the Director General of Police (DGP) which is considered the highest rank in the Indian Police Service.

IPS Exam, also known as the Indian Police Service Exam, is a part of the Civil Services Examination, organized by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) annually. Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All-India Services. UPSC conducts the UPSC Exam annually to recruit candidates from across the country to become IPS officers. To qualify for an IPS Officer, one must clear all stages of the CSE Exam – UPSC Prelims, Mains, and Interview, and undergo Physical Training.

IPS Post List

During their training at SVPNPA, the newly recruited candidates get their first posting as ASP – Assistant Superintendent of Police in their respective cadre allotted. ASP rank is the junior most rank on an IPS state cadre.

The IPS Post List includes the following posts:

  • Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP)
  • Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)
  • Additional Superintendent of Police(Addl. SP)
  • Superintendent of Police (SP)
  • Assistant Inspector General of Police / Senior Superintendent of Police (AIG/SSP)
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG)
  • Inspector General of Police (IGP)
  • Additional Director General of Police (ADGP)
  • Director General of Police (DGP)

IPS Ranks and IPS Stars on Shoulders

IPS Officers are posted as Assistant Superintendent of Police in a supernumerary capacity, only for training purposes for two years and after that for 1 year. This is done side by side with the IPS Training.

The IPS Ranks are:

  • Assistant Superintendent of Police: Assistant Superintendent of Police is the directly recruited IPS officer, and he enjoys the rank while under physical and practical training. The ASP is a 2-year posting after the training is finished and during probation. All IPS officers start their careers as Assistant Superintendents of Police. State Cadre Officers cannot hold this rank.
  • Deputy Superintendent of Police: An IPS officer is posted as a Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) after completion of the training in some states. DSP is similar to ACP or Assistant Commissioner of Police. Deputy Superintendent of Police is functionally equal to the Assistant Superintendent of Police, but it is a State Police service. State Cadre Police Officers may be elevated to IPS after a few years of service according to state government laws and would be allotted the DSP rank.
  • Additional Superintendent of Police: Additional Superintendent of Police is a post next up in rank to Deputy Superintendent. An ASP is second in command in the district. An ASP is sometimes designated to perform the functions of an SP in his/her absence.
  • Superintendent of Police: Superintendent of police (SP) is a senior rank in the Indian Police Service. Their insignia includes a star and an Ashoka emblem on their epaulettes with ‘IPS’ below. In India, smaller districts are headed by a Superintendent of Police.
  • Assistant Inspector General of Police / Senior Superintendent of Police: Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) heads the police force of a more significant and sensitive district. IPS officers remain in the rank of SP till the 13th year, after which they are eligible for being promoted to Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP).
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police: Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) is a rank IPS officers hold. DIG-ranked officers wear Gorget patches on their collars, a dark blue background, and a white line stitched.
  • Inspector General of Police: Inspector General of Police (IGP) is the only officer from the Indian Police Service and is the third-highest rank in the hierarchy of state cadres. IG-ranked wear Gorget patches on their collar with an oak leaf pattern stitched on the patch.
  • Additional Director General of Police: Additional Director General of Police is an Indian Police Service rank. The insignia of an ADG is the national emblem over a crossed sword and baton, and they wear Gorget patches on their collar, which have a dark blue background with an oak leaf pattern stitched on it. It is the second highest IPS Officer Rank and is equivalent to the Commissioner of Police of some states/UTs. They are posted as zonal heads.
  • Director General of Police: Director general of police is the highest-ranking police officer in a State or a Union Territory of India. The DGP is appointed by the cabinet and holds a three-star rank. The rank insignia of a Director General of Police is the national emblem over a crossed sword and baton, and they wear gorget patches on their collar with a dark blue background with an oak leaf pattern stitched on it. DGP rank IPS Officers can be appointed as Director of the Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau, Director General of Prisons, Director General of fire forces and civil defense, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Police Housing Society, etc.

IPS Officer Ranks

3 Star Police Rank

In the IPS ranks, the rank of a three-star police officer is typically referred to as Director General of Police (DGP). The DGP is a senior position and represents the highest rank in the state police force.

As the head of the state police, the DGP is responsible for overseeing the overall administration and functioning of the police force in their respective state or union territory. They play a crucial role in formulating policies, implementing law enforcement strategies, maintaining public order, and coordinating with other law enforcement agencies.

Other than this, an ACP is also allotted with 3- Star after completion of IPS training. The insignia of DSP from the State Police Service has 3 stars, with the state initials below. The ACP rank has three stars, with IPS Initials below the stars.

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