LAN Full Form in Computer

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The LAN full form is Local Area Network, it is a network of devices like mobiles, computers, tablets, etc., that are placed in a specified range. In networking, LAN is a frequently used network because it provides security to the data transmitted.

In this article, we will cover the LAN full form (Local Area Network), its characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages in the upcoming sections. LANs are mostly used to connect the computers and workstations in some buildings or workplaces in order to speed up internet processing and share resources. Let’s begin with the meaning and full form of LAN (LAN Full Form: Local Area Network).

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What is LAN Full Form in Computer?

The full form of LAN is Local Area Network. In computer networking, LANs connect and communicate information among various devices like mobiles, computers, tablets, printers, etc. The range of a LAN network can be a floor of the office, a room, an organization having one or two buildings on the same premises, a laboratory, a school, and a college. The connectivity of these devices is done using wires, ethernet cables, fibre optics, or Wi-Fi.

LANs are a secured network for users as only the authentic users in the network can access other nodes or shared resources. LAN (LAN Full Form: Local Area Network) can be extended up to 1 km. The data transmission in LAN is at a high speed of 10Mbps(Megabits per second) to 1000 Mbps.

LAN Full Form in Hindi

लैन का हिंदी में फुल फॉर्म (LAN Full Form) लोकल एरिया नेटवर्क है| हिंदी में इसे लोकल एरिया नेटवर्क के नाम से जाना जाता है| सबसे छोटे लैन नेटवर्क में दो कंप्यूटर का प्रयोग किया जा सकता है, जबकि बड़े लैन नेटवर्क में हजारों कंप्यूटरों को जोड़ा जा सकता है| एक लैन सामान्यतः वायर्ड कनेक्शंस पर अधिक से अधिक गति और सुरक्षा के लिए निर्भर रहते है|

वर्तमान समय में लैन नेटवर्क में वायरलेस कनेक्शन का भी प्रयोग किया जा रहा है| लैन का उपयोग आमतौर पर एक ही स्थान के लिए किया जाता है| इसका प्रयोग लोगों को स्वयं के बीच फाइलों या सूचनाओं को साझा करने के लिए किया जाता है| इसका प्रयोग बाहरी व्यक्ति के द्वारा नहीं किया जा सकता है| सामान्यतः इसे साइबर कैफ़े या कंपनी में किया जाता है|

Understanding Local Area Networking (LAN)

The full form of LAN is Local Area Network. Among the other types of networks, LAN is the choice of the majority of users because of the following characteristics it holds.

  • It transmits data at a very high rate, increasing the overall transmission efficiency.
  • It supports transmission mechanisms like optic fibre, ethernet cable, WI-FI, etc.
  • It is not costly as compared to other types of networks.
  • It provides privacy, so no outside network or organization can temper data.

Advantages of LAN

With the invention of LANs (LAN Full Form: Local Area Network) in 1970, the networking world witnessed a revolution in data transmission. The following advantages were the reason for this revolutionary invention.

  • Data security is ensured as data is collected on the server computer only.
  • The introduction of LANs reduces hardware cost.
  • A single internet point can be used by various devices connected through LAN (LAN Full Form: Local Area Network).
  • Enhances the communication between the devices linked through LAN networks.

Disadvantages of LAN

Just like a coin has two sides, a head, and a tail, in a similar manner, everything comes with its pros and cons attached to it. Having discussed the LAN Full Form: Local Area Network, and its advantages, let us see its disadvantages. The disadvantages of LAN are given below.

  • The initial setup of LAN is costly in comparison to other network types.
  • Some of the communication tools in LAN networks, like switches, hubs, routers, etc., are expensive.
  • LANs are limited in size.
  • Since data is stored in a server computer, so there is a threat to security.

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