# Which of the following relation is incorrect? (A) capacity factor = utilization factor × load factor (B) load factor × maximum load = average load (C) demand factor × connected load = maximum demand (D) none of these

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

None of the statements is incorrect. The utilization factor is the proportion of the power plant’s greatest demand to its rated capacity. Utilization factor = maximum demand / plant capacity. Because maximum demand is always lower than rated capacity, the utilization factor is less than 1. Below, we have explained the points below.

The load factor is defined as the average load divided by the maximum demand for a certain period. Load factor = average load / maximum demand. Because the average load is lower than the maximum demand, the demand factor is less than 1.

Demand factor:

It is the proportion of the power plant’s connected load to its highest demand. Demand factor = Maximum Demand / Connected load. The demand factor’s value is often smaller than 1. It’s because the connected load is always more than the maximum demand. The demand factor must be understood in order to calculate the plant equipment’s capacity. Relation between Utilization Factor, Capacity Factor, and Load factor:

We know that,

Capacity factor (Cf) = Average Load (AL)/Plant Capacity (PC)

Utilization factor (Uf) = Maximum Demand (MD)/ Plant Capacity (PC)

Multiplied Load Factor and Utilization factor,

Lf x Uf = AL/MD x MD/PC = AL/PC

Therefore, capacity factor = utlization factor x load factor

Summary:

## Which of the following relation is Incorrect? (A) capacity factor = utilization factor × load factor (B) load factor × maximum load = average load (C) demand factor × connected load = maximum demand (D) None of these

All of the statements are correct. As we have mentioned only correct statements. Utilization factor = maximum demand / plant capacity. Load factor = average load / maximum demand. Demand factor = Maximum Demand / Connected load.

POPULAR EXAMS
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303 help@byjusexamprep.com