What is Policy Cut, Economy Cut and Token Cut – Cut Motions

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

A Cut Motion is a power given to the member of Lok Sabha to oppose a demand discussed by the government in the Financial Bill.

The Cut Motion is widely observed during the demand for grants while going through the annual budget.

However, as Parliament is the authority to check government expenditure, it may not approve all demands. So cut motions are motions that are moved in the parliament to reduce demand.


What is Policy Cut, Economy Cut & Token Cut?

A Cut Motion is an authority provided to Lok Sabha member to oppose a request mentioned in the Financial Bill by the govt. During the demand for grants, the Cut Motion is commonly noted throughout the annual budget.

However, since Parliament has the power to verify government spending, all requests may not be approved. Cut motions are therefore motions to decrease demand in the parliament

Cut Motions – Disapproval of Policy

A Motion for Policy Cut Disapproval is pushed to decrease the amount demanded to Re.1. It reflects the disapproval of the demand-in-demand strategy. A member notifying such a move shall indicate the details of the policy to be discussed inaccurately.

The discussion will be restricted to the specific point or points mentioned in the notice and staff will have access to the advocacy of an alternative approach.

Economy Cut Motions

An Economy Cut motion is shifted to lower the demand quantity to a particular quantity. The decrease in the quantity can be either a lump-sum decrease in demand or omission or decrease in demand for an item.

The notice shall indicate the particular subject on which debate is to be sought in a short and accurate way and shall be restricted as to how it will affect the economy.

Token Cut Motions

To decrease the requirement by Rs. 100, a Token Cut motion is shifted. This is to ventilate a specific grievance within the government of India’s sphere of responsibility. The debate on it is limited to the particular grievance mentioned in the movement. For a notice of motion specifying the reduction of the amount of demand, it must satisfy the following:

  1. The motion should be catered to only one demand in particular.
  2. Any inference, arguments, imputations or defamatory statements should not be present in the motion.
  3. Any matter which is not of concern to the Government of India should be the only point of reference.
  4. Questions of privilege should not be raised,
  5. It shall not reflect the character of any person whose conduct can be challenged in a substantive motion.
  6. It should not concern the expenditure charged on India’s Consolidated Fund.
  7. It must not make any suggestions to amend or abrogate any current legislation8. It should not be related to a trivial matter
  8. It should not anticipate matter which is being previously being appointed for consideration in the same session.
  9. It should not rekindle debate on an issue that was discussed at the same meeting on which a decision was already taken.
  10. It should not be linked to an issue that is pending in any Indian court.

Speaker’s Decision of Admissibility

The Speaker shall decide whether or not a cut is admissible under these Regulations and may reject any cut movement if it is, in his opinion, an abuse of the right to move cut motions or affects the house procedure

Cut motions’ Notion

If the notice of a motion to reduce any grant application was not given one day before the day on which the application is deemed, any member may object to the motion being moved and such objection shall prevail unless the Speaker allows the movement to be transferred.

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