Lokpal and Lokayuktas, Check Important Polity Notes for Defence 2021 Exams

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Lokpal and Lokayukta is an important topic for all competitive and defence exams like CDS, NDA, CAPF, AFCAT, etc. As many questions are asked from this topic. Here are detailed notes on Lokpal and Lokayukta.

Lokpal is an anti-corruption body or ombudsman, responsible for looking into corruption complaints at the national level. The Lokpal movement in India was lead by activist Anna Hazare, with his Jan Lokpal movement in 2011. The parliament passed the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act in 2013

The concept of Lokpal was first recommended by the Administrative Reforms Committee (ARC) of India (1996-1970) to set up two special authorities including ‘Lokpal‘ and ‘Lokayukta’ for the redressal of citizens grievances.

Retired Supreme Court judge Pinaki Chandra Ghose was appointed as the first Lokpal of India in 2019.

Institutions similar to Lokpal and country of their origin

  1. The Ombudsman System-Sweden
  2. The Administrative Court System– France
  3. The Procurator System-Socialist countries USSR (Now Russia)

Salient features of Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013

It seeks to establish the institution of the Lokpal at the centre and Lokayukta at the state level and aims to provide a uniform vigilance and anti-corruption road map at the centre and states level.


1. Composition

  1. Lokpal consists of a chairperson with a maximum of eight members of which 50% shall be a judicial member.
  2. 50% of members of the Lokpal shall come from SCs, STs, OBCs, minorities and women.
  3. The chairperson– Current or former judges of the SC or chief justices of HCs.
  4. 25 years of experience is must for members in matters related to anti-corruption policy, vigilance, public administration, finance, law and management.
  5. Authorities under the jurisdiction of Lokpal– Prime Minister, Ministers, Members of Parliament and Group A, B, C and D officers and officials of the central government.

2. Selection Process

Lokpal is appointed by President on the recommendation of Selection committee consists of

  1. Prime Minister
  2. Speaker of Lok Sabha
  3. Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha
  4. Chief Justice of India or a sitting Supreme Court Judge who is nominated by the Chief Justice of India.
  5. An eminent jurist nominated by President of India on the basis of the recommendation of first four members of the selection committee.

3. Removal

  • The President can ask the Supreme Court to enquire, either on his own or if 100 MPs sign a petition seeking the removal of the chairperson of any of the members. If the SC, after an inquiry, finds the charges to be true, Chairperson should be removed by President.

4. Age Criteria for Lokpal & Members-

  • He should not be less than Forty-five years of age, on the date of assuming of office of Chairperson or Member, as the case may be.
  • Term of Lokpal – 5 years

5. Exemptions

  1. PM with respect to functions such as National Security and Maintenance of public order. 
  2. SC judges. Election Commission.
  3. All entities receiving donations from foreign sources in the context of FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act) below Rs 10 lakh per year.

6. Special Powers of Lokpal

  1. Power with respect to CBI: Lokpal has the power of superintendence and direction over any investigation agency including CBI for cases referred to them by the institution of Lokpal, and the CBI officers who are investing these cases can be transferred only after approval of Lokpal.
  2. Attachment of Property: Lokpal has the power to attach and confiscate property acquired by corrupt means even while the prosecution is pending.

7. Other Relevant Information: The Act Prevents

  1. Reappointment as chairperson or a member of the Lokpal
  2. Further employment to any other office of profit under the Government of India or Government of State;
  3. Contesting any election for the position of President or Member of Parliament or State legislature or Panchayat or Municipality within a period of five years from the date of relinquishing the post.


  • Much before the establishment of the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act (2013), many states had already set up the institution of Lokayuktas.
  • Maharashtra was the first state to establish the institution of Lokayukta in 1971.
  • The structure of Lokayukta is not same in all the states.
  • Appointment by the Governor of State.
  • Some states have prescribed the qualification for appointment of Lokayukta; some do not have any criteria.
  • Tenure: 5 years or 65 years of age, whichever is earlier.
  • Not eligible for reappointment for a second term.


More from us

Important Study Notes for Defence Exams

Defence Specific Notes

Weekly Current Affairs

Current Affairs Quiz

SSB Interview Tips


The Most Comprehensive Exam Prep App.

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium