All About Officers Training Academy

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Historical Background of OTA:

The Indian Army’s Officers Training Academy is a training facility that prepares officers for the Short Service Commission. Except for the Army Medical Corps, the 49 weeks course at the OTA prepares graduates for all branches of the Army. In 1962, two Officers Training Academies were established in Pune and Chennai to meet the needs of the Indian army. The establishment process began in September 1962, and Brigadier Ram Singh inaugurated the institute in Chennai on January 15, 1963. He was also the school’s first commandant. In 1985, the Institute was granted permanent status.

The Institute was renamed Officers Training Academy on January 1, 1988, after previously being known as Officers Training Institute. The institute added a lady cadet training facility in 1992. The overall size of the team is 750. The academy’s slogan is “Serve with Honour.” Physical conditioning, arms training, map reading, drill, strategy, academic growth, and leadership training are just some of the physical and mental exercises covered at the Academy.



Training at OTA:

  • After completing training at the Academy, a Cadet is transformed into a physically fit, highly motivated, and professional competent individual. Unlike a traditional university, each subject starts with a theoretical introduction, accompanied by a practical presentation and exercises to help trainees better understand the material. Efficient trainees are proficient in handling all infantry weapons by the end of the training, can withstand the rigors of the harshest environments, and become leaders capable of effectively leading their subunits in combat.
  • The program also emphasizes character development and instills a sense of honor, which are two of the most essential attributes for a combat leader to possess.
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  • GCs are tested in major disciplines such as officer qualities, service subjects, physical training, drill, and academics, and they receive regular, quantified, formal, and systematic training. They also conduct joint evaluations. Meiktila, Naushera, Kohima, Jessami, Basantar, Zojila, and Phillora are the names of the two battalions and seven companies (5+2). While the majority of the companies are for male officer cadets, Zojila and Phillora are for female cadets.
  • One of OTA’s two training battalions in the Ranjit Singh Battalion. Jessami, Kohima, Basantar (Gentlemen Cadets), and Phillora are the four companies that make up the Battalion (Lady Cadets). OTA’s Shivaji Battalion is the organization’s second training battalion. The Naushera, Meiktila (Gentlemen Cadet Companies), and Zojila companies make up the Battalion (Lady Cadet Company). All of the businesses are named after prominent historical battlegrounds.

OTA Chennai Offers 3 Types of Training:

SSC (Non-Technical) & SSC (Technical):

  • The GC and LC are trained in this course for around eleven months.
  • The SSC course aims to prepare gentleman cadets to assume the responsibilities of Indian Army officers and to instill in them the true intellectual, physical, and moral qualities necessary for their professional growth and development.

Women Special Entry Scheme (Officers) 

  • The majority of female hires are assigned to the support services, with many serving as medical officers and nurses.
  • For unmarried females or issueless widows or divorcee applicants, the WSES for officers offers non-technical, technical, and specialist entry.
  • The WSES (O) Course is designed to prepare Lady Cadets for commissioning as Women Special Entry Scheme (Officers) in the Army’s specified weapons and services.
  • The training period is 49 weeks long.

There are several fun hobby clubs to join. Indoor and outdoor training sessions are held twice a week under the supervision of officers. Throughout the semester, the clubs are still busy with a variety of events. The club’s activities are managed by the GC and LC office bearers, with the Officer in Charge providing advice on how to make the most of available time and money.


Gentlemen-Cadet And Lady-Cadet’s Life at OTA:

  • A Gentleman/Lady Cadet is a trainee who has been accepted into the OTA. The academy wants its graduates to follow the highest moral and ethical standards, which is one reason for this. The GCs and LCs come from a variety of backgrounds, with a wide range of routines and grooming, and the Academy plays an important role in shaping those variations and assisting them in forming a shared bond. No GC/LC is given special treatment; all are encouraged to get in shape together; they break bread together, play together, and undergo the same instruction.


  • This bonding helps them cultivate ideals like camaraderie, esprit-de-corps, and oneness, which go a long way toward giving the Army’s corps of officers a distinct identity. The preparation is an action-packed scenario cultivating their mental and physical potential, from grueling route-marches to photography, painting, lectures, term papers, tours, and sports. Within the given time frame, each GC/LC is given the same amount of room to expand. The Academy’s preparation is fast-paced and intense.
  • As a result, it’s no surprise that it turns into a test of one’s mettle and skills, as well as a psychological foretaste of what trainees will face on the frontline, where there is no space or scope for justification or rationalization for mistakes. As a result, completing training is a kind of self-evaluation that awakens and activates one’s self-esteem, sense of honor, and integrity. During his brief time at the Academy, a GC/LC learns a great deal about life values.

A Daily Timetable for an OTA Cadet:

  • A cadet’s day at OTA starts at 0530 hrs. when he or she must attend a ten-minute morning muster parade, followed by forty-minute physical and drill training sessions that last until 0700 hrs.
  • Breakfast is scheduled for 0700-0800 hrs., assuming you are not caught off guard by Senior Cadets or Instructors.
  • The GCs and LCs are in training, academics, and swimming from 0800 to 1300 hrs.
  • Then there’s a lunch break and some daily business, or you could run into some seniors for another Ragda.
  • Evening games are held from 1500 to 1700 hrs. From 1700 to 1930 hrs., the GCs and LCs are at the seniors’ disposal, where everything from analysis to physical, which is normally the latter, will take place.
  • Dinner is served from 1930 hrs. to 2130 hrs.
  • Again, the hours of 2130 hrs. to 2200 hrs. are set aside for unofficial physicals by seniors.
  • From 2200 hrs. onwards, the lights are turned off.
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