How to join RAW (Research and Analysis Wing), Need & Recruitment

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Important detail on how to join RAW, Research and Analysis Wing introduction and recruitment. India is surrounded by difficult neighbours Pakistan & China which pose a serious threat to the sovereignty and integrity of the country.

This threat is countered by the armed forces who execute plans according to intelligence received by them. One of the most premier intelligence institutions of India is the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW).

Let us read about this agency and the process of how to become a part of it.

How to Join RAW (Research and Analysis Wing)

Need for RAW:

After independence in 1947, India had a single institution to cater to domestic as well as foreign intelligence needs, the Intelligence Bureau. But after the failure of India in the 1962 Sino-India war, there was an urgent need of an intelligence gathering agency which would be dedicated to counter Chinese influence in Pakistan and for gathering other foreign intelligence.

The Inception of RAW:

The Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) was established in 1968 with its director, Rameshwar Nath Kao. The organization, in the beginning, had a strength of 250 people with a budget of Rs. 28 Crores.

The agency’s primary major objective is to gather foreign intelligence, engage in counter-terrorism and advancing India’s strategic interests on a global scale.

RAW Recruitment Procedure:

In the earlier stages, the agency used to hire trained intelligence officers which were already a part external wing of Intelligence Bureau. Afterward, they started recruiting personnel from the Indian Armed Forces, Police, and officers of the Indian Revenue Service (IRS). In order to further its strength, R&AW started recruiting graduates from universities and colleges but soon it drew criticism from many people.

The R&AW created its own cadre in 1983, the Research and Analysis Services (RAS) to absorb young civil servants. These officers after completing their foundational course are interviewed by RAW officials against Psychological tests and interview. These are then under a lien period of 1 year after which they can choose to join RAW permanently.

The Armed forces officers also have a great opportunity to join R&AW by the procedure of lateral deputation. The Civil Service and Defence officers can return to their parent cadre anytime they want.


Training for RAW:

The recruits start with basic training of 10 days to make them familiar with the real world espionage and intelligence. They are trained in various languages, common techniques, information security, scientific knowledge etc. They are also given case studies of various intelligence agencies like Russian KGB, Israeli MOSSAD, Australian ASIS and even Pakistani ISI. Basic classroom training is imparted in Gurgaon.

After this, they undergo extensive training in Indian Military Academy, Dehradun in which they are taught infiltration/exfiltration, tactics on how to avoid capture and things to do during an interrogation. They are also trained in Krav Maga and usage of espionage devices.


Contribution of RAW:

Since its creation, the RAW has played a pivotal role in India’s foreign policy and has achieved various feats:

  1. Liberation of Bangladesh in 1971
  2. Afghanistan’s growth and development
  3. Sikkim’s accession to India in 1975.
  4. India’s Nuclear Programme (Operation Smiling Buddha)
  5. Supporting African Liberation movements during the Cold War (Anti-apartheid struggle).
  6. Operation Kahuta
  7. Operation Meghdoot
  8. Operation Cactus

Kargil Review Committee:

After the Kargil war, the RAW got questions on its efficiency as they were not able to get proper information about Pakistan’s occupancy on time. The govt in 2000, then formed a committee to look into the cause of intelligence failure and suggest measures. The committee pointed out lack of coordination amongst various intelligence organizations – Defence Intelligence, IB and RAW.

Following this, the National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) was set up which would lead to improvement in coordination amongst various wings of intelligence.

Notable People:

There are many legendary stories of Indian spies, some of them are Ravindra Kaushik, RN Kao, Anil Dhasmana, Ajit Doval, Rabindra Singh, M K Dhar.

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