How is food transported in plants?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The food transported in plants occurs through translocation where phloem helps in the transportation of food from leaves to other organs. The multicellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes known as plants are classified in their own kingdom, the Plantae. Plants contain distinct cells with specialized organs that are mostly used for cellular processes. Because of the presence of specific structures in plant cells, plants are the only living species that can produce their own sustenance.

Food Transported in Plants

  • Transportation is absolutely critical for getting different vital nutrients, water, and other things to different regions of the body in all living things.
  • When it comes to plants, the process of moving food from the leaves to various areas of the plant is referred to as translocation.


  • In the case of plants, the artificially created food is kept via a number of storage organs, such as stems, fruits, roots, etc.
  • Phloem, a type of vascular tissue, aids in moving the food that has been created from the leaves to different storage organs.
  • All vascular plants have phloem, an intricate permanent tissue.
  • Phloem is made up of a variety of components, including companion cells, sieve tubes, phloem parenchyma, and phloem fibers.
  • Phloem in plants transports food in both upward and downward directions, or in a bidirectional manner.
  • For the process of translocation to take place, ATP is absolutely necessary.


How is food transported in plants?

Phloem aids in the transfer of food from leaves to other organs, which occurs when food is delivered in plants. The Plantae is the designated kingdom for the multicellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes known as plants.

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