How does an Amoeba obtain its food?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The mode of nutrition in amoeba takes place with the help of phagocytosis and endocytosis. Amoebae ingest food using pseudopodia, which are projections that resemble arms on the cell surface. It fuses over the food particles to create a vacuole. Inside the vacuole, complex chemicals are converted into smaller ones that subsequently drift into the cytoplasm.

Mode of nutrition in Amoeba

  • Eukaryotic organisms called amoebae encapsulate their food through the processes of phagocytosis and endocytosis, in which pseudopodia are created because of the elasticity of the plasma membrane.
    Phagocytosis is the process by which some organisms swallow or engulf other cells.
  • To swallow their food, amoebae employ pseudopodia, which are extensions of the cell membrane.
  • Animals and plants are examples of eukaryotes, which are highly organised unicellular or multicellular organisms. On the other hand, prokaryotes are fundamental single-celled creatures like bacteria and archaea. Eukaryotes are amoebas.
  • The act of engulfing something by invading the cell membrane and creating a vacuole is known as endocytosis.
  • Pseudopodia are the temporary, arm-like extensions of amoebas that help with nutrient collection and alter the amoeba’s size and structure. It also functions as an organ of locomotion.



How does an Amoeba obtain its food?

Phagocytosis and endocytosis are used to carry out the way of nourishment in amoebas. Eukaryotes called amoebas encapsulate food through processes of phagocytosis and endocytosis, during which the elasticity of the plasma membrane results in pseudopodia.

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium