Fifth Generation of Computer

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The fifth generation of computer are PCs of Pentium, notebooks from IBM, workstations of SUN, IBM SP/2, and supercomputers with PARAM. In contrast to all computers from the previous generation, the next generation of computers is defined by the methods employed to reduce complex programming. This method is known as AI (Artificial Intelligence). The Ministry of International Trade and Industry of Japan began developing the 5th Generation of Computer system in 1982.

With supercomputer-like capability, it planned to build an “epoch-making computer” and serve as a foundation for future advancements in artificial intelligence. In this post, we have provided all the important information regarding the fifth generation of computer.

5th Generation of Computer System

The Japan Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) launched the Fifth Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) initiative in 1982 to develop computers that use logic programming and massively parallel computing. With supercomputer-like capability, it planned to build an epoch-making computer and serve as a foundation for future advancements in artificial intelligence. FGCS was a commercial failure and was ahead of time. FGCS made significant contributions to concurrent logic programming.

The phrase fifth generation was used to suggest that the system was cutting-edge. The first generation of computers used vacuum tubes. The second generation used diodes and transistors. The third generation used integrated circuits. The fourth generation used microprocessors. It was widely believed at the time that the fifth generation of computer would instead turn to enormous numbers of CPUs for increased performance, whereas previous computer generations had focused on increasing the number of logic elements in a single CPU.

Characteristics of the Fifth Generation Computers

The usage of AI, which contributes to making computers more powerful, is one of the primary characteristics of fifth generation of computer. The use of AI is widespread, from browsing to navigation. Additionally, it is used for image processing, video analysis, and other things. The following are some of the features of fifth generation of computer:

  • More potent, portable computers
  • Cheaper and more dependable
  • and easier to create for the market.
  • The use of desktop computers is simple.
  • extremely productive mainframe computers.

Examples of Fifth Generation of Computers

Even though they were still in the development stage, the fifth generation of computers is more powerful, functional, and speedy. The fifth generation of computer projects was groundbreaking and produced some fundamental findings that foreshadowed potential future research lines.

  • Notebooks from IBM.
  • PCs of Pentium.
  • Workstations of SUN
  • IBM SP/2
  • Supercomputers with PARAM.


Fifth Generation of Computer

The fifth generation of computers are IBM SP/2 notebooks, Pentium PCs, SUN workstations, IBM SP/2 desktops, and PARAM supercomputers. The hardware restrictions predicted in the 1980s were finally reached in the 2000s, leading to a reinterpretation of many of the topics from the fifth generation of computer project. CPU power dissipation and other issues became increasingly significant when the clock speeds of CPUs increased into the 3-5 GHz area.

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